Nihari

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Nihari
Nihari.JPG
Nihari with garnish
Course Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Place of origin Delhi or Lucknow
Serving temperature Hot
Main ingredients Beef shank or lamb and mutton shank
Other information Served with varieties of Bread
Cookbook: Nihari  Media: Nihari

Nihari (Urdu: نهاری‎) is a stew consisting of slow-cooked meat mainly beef or lamb along with bone marrow, garnished to taste and occasionally served with cooked brain. This dish was first developed in the 18th century, in either Delhi or Lucknow, in the kitchens of Mughal nobility.

Etymology[edit]

The word Nihar originated from the Arabic word "Nahar" (Arabic: نهار‎‎) which means "day" as it was typically served after sunrise Fajr prayers.[1]

History[edit]

According to many sources, Nihari either originated in Old Delhi (Jama Masjid and Daryaganj areas) in the late 18th century during the last throes of the Mughal Empire or in the royal kitchens of Awadh, in modern day Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.[2] The Nawab ate Nihari early in the morning after Fajr prayers and then took a long nap before going to Zhuhr (afternoon Muslim prayers). Later on, it became popular among the labor class as a regular breakfast item.

Another story reveals that Nihari was cooked overnight in large volume to be served to the labourers. Whenever there were massive constructions involved and the kings served meals free to labour and also paid them. In some instances kings did not want to offer coins / currencies, they in turn offered free meals and accommodations to the labourers. Since the work had to be started in the morning, it was cooked in an earthern pot, sometimes even buried and served in the morning to ensure the supply of energetic labour force.

Alternative origins puts roots in the Muslim Nawab kitchens, having achieved fame via the storied royal kitchens of Lucknow.[3]

Nihari developed with the overall cuisine of south Asian Muslims. It has been an old popular delicacy in parts of Bangladesh, particularly Dhaka and Chittagong. People cooked it for one whole night and they got it in the early morning at sunrise. It is a popular dish and is regarded as the national dish of Pakistan. The dish is known for its spiciness and taste. It was originally more of a delicacy with myriad variations on spiciness and texture.[4][5]

Popularity[edit]

Nihari is a traditional dish of Muslims of Delhi, Bhopal and Lucknow. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, many Urdu speaking Muslims from northern India migrated to Karachi and other cities in the eastern wing (now in Bangladesh), and established restaurants. In Karachi, Nihari became a roaring success[6] and soon all over Pakistan. Now Nihari is available in Pakistani restaurants around the world. Nihari[7] is considered to be the National Dish of Pakistan .[8]

Preparation[edit]

Nihari (left) and halwa puri

Nihari is cooked overnight in various vessels, sometimes even buried underground while it cooks overnight, which results in extremely tender morsels of meat, including the flavourful bone marrow. It is served with a number of side dishes. The baghaar is lightly fried in ghee to reduce the heat of chilis and the tarka is an additional oily chili to spice up the flavour. Cooked brains and bone marrow are served alongside the stew. The Nihari is garnished according to individual tastes with coriander leaves, fried onions, green chillies, strips of ginger, lemons and sliced white radishes. In addition, garam masala, a blend of powdered spices is sprinkled over the stew. Salt is added to taste. In restaurants many of the garnishings are already added to increase customer turnover.

Traditional nihari recipes call for 6–8 hours of cooking time, in addition to the preparation of the ingredients. This is much less common today with the use of tenderer cuts of meat such as sirloin or shank. Traditionally the dish is eaten in the early hours of the morning. Because the stew is so rich, one is supposed to have an extended nap until the afternoon Muslim Zhuhr prayers, which occur after midday.

Nihari is now cooked by pressure cooking in order to save time. The nihari ingredients are now also available ready-mixed and packaged.

Pippali is the main spice used in nihari, which gives it a distinct taste and aroma. It is eaten with naan or roti.

In some restaurants, a few kilos from each day’s leftover Nihari is added to the next day’s pot. This re-used portion of Nihari is called Taar and is believed to provide the unique flavour. Some Nihari outlets in old Delhi still boast of an unbroken taar going back more than a century.[9]

Variations[edit]

The Hyderabadi version of the Nihari contains lamb bones and tongue. Another version of Nihari, popularised by the spread of quick-cooking spice recipes from brands like Shan and National Foods of Pakistan, uses chicken to make a sort of thick chicken broth.

Nihari with multilayered Kulcha is a famous cuisine of Old Lucknow. It is available at Gole Darwaza, Chowk Area, near the famous shop of Tunde Kababi.

Nalli nihari is a variation made with marrow bones.[10]

Harissa is a very popular meat preparation made for breakfast in Kashmir Valley, it is slow cooked for many hours, with spices and hand stirred.[11] Harissa has different texture from Nihari, and is much milder in taste, it resembles Nihari in its method of cooking and the base ingredients used.

Medication[edit]

Nihari is also used as a home remedy for Common cold, Rhinorrhea and Fever.[12] According to a legend, it was concocted at least a hundred years ago in Delhi by a Hakeem.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nihari". Culinary Curiosities. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "Nihari, a gift from Nawabs". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "Nihari". Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  4. ^ "Nihari". Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  5. ^ "Nihari Recipe". Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "Nihari a la Mexican style". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  7. ^ "Nahari. The National Dish of Pakistan". Blush - No. 1 Website for Pakistani Women. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  8. ^ "Biryani- National Dish". Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  9. ^ "Dilli Ka Dastarkhwan". Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Busybee Forever". Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  11. ^ "Scribble On Platter: Harissa, a winter delight that Kashmir loves". Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "What is Nihari?". Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "Hakeem - definition of hakeem by The Free Dictionary". TheFreeDictionary.com. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 

External links[edit]