Minowa Gate in Nihonmatsu Castle
Location of Nihonmatsu in Fukushima Prefecture
|• Mayor||Hiroshi Shinno|
|• Total||344.42 km2 (132.98 sq mi)|
|Population (March 2018)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Bird||Japanese bush warbler|
|Address||403-1 Kanairo, Nihonmatsu-shi, Fukushima-ken 964-8601|
Nihonmatsu (二本松市 Nihonmatsu-shi) is a city in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2018[update], the city has an estimated population of 55,484 in 18,898 households, and a population density of 160 persons per km². The total area of the city was 344.42 square kilometres (132.98 sq mi). The Adachi neighborhood of Nihonmatsu was the birthplace of artist Chieko Takamura, subject of the book of poems Chieko's Sky (智恵子抄 Chiekoshō, literally "Chieko Selections"), written by her husband Kōtarō Takamura.
Nihonmatsu is located in the Nakadōri section of Fukushima prefecture, between the cities of Fukushima and Kōriyama. It is approximately 250 km from central Tokyo. Nihonmatsu's western border consists of the Adatara mountain range. The Abukuma River runs through the eastern part (forming the border between the former towns of Adachi and Tōwa), flowing from south to north. Nihonmatsu has a humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Nihonmatsu is 12.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1215 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.3 °C.
- Lakes: Miharu Dam
Per Japanese census data, the population of Nihonmatsu has slightly declined over the past 20 years.
The area of present-day Nihonmatsu was part of ancient Mutsu Province. It developed as post station on the Ōshū Kaidō highway and as the castle town of Nihonmatsu Domain, a 100,700 [[koku]] han, which was ruled by the Niwa clan under the Tokugawa shogunate) in the Edo period. After the Meiji Restoration, it was organized as part of Adachi District in the Nakadōri region of Iwaki Province.
The town of Nihonmatsu was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. Nihonmatsu annexed the neighboring villages of Shiozawa, Dakeshita, Sugita, Ishii and Ohdaira on January 1, 1955 and was elevated to city status on October 1, 1958. The city annexed the towns of Adachi, Iwashiro and Tōwa (all from Adach District on December 1, 2005.
Nihonmatsu is a regional commercial center with a mixed economy. It is especially noted for furniture manufacturing and sake brewing.
Nihonmatsu has has 16 public elementary schools and seven public junior high school operated by the town government, and three public high schools operated by the Fukushima Board of Education.
- Fukushima Prefectural Adachi High School
- Fukushima Prefectural Adachi Higashi High School
- Fukushima Prefectural Nihonmatsu Industrial High School
- – Hanover, New Hampshire, United States, since July 30, 1999 
- – Jingshan County, Hubei Province, China, Friendship city since October 16, 1994
- Nihonmatsu Castle, also known as Kasumiga Castle, is a historical castle along with a park. Nihonmatsu Castle is one of Japan's Top 100 Castles. Nihonmatsu Castle has also been called one of the top 100 sites in Japan for cherry blossom viewing by Wikivoyage.
- Obama Castle, historical castle ruins
- Dake Onsen, onsen resort located in western Nihonmatsu.
- Ebisu Circuit, famous drift racing track, adjacent to Tohoku Safari Park.
- The Nihonmatsu Lantern Festival is held every October 4-6. The festival has been held annually since 1643 and is one of the three largest lantern festivals in Japan.
Nihonmatsu has a long history of sake brewing, with several sake breweries headquartered in the city:
- Daishichi, established in 1752, one of the few breweries that continues to use the traditional kimoto brewing process. Tours are available.
- Okunomatsu, established in 1716.
- Ninki Sake Brewery, established in 1897.
- Himonoya, maker of the Senkonari brand sake.
Notable people from Nihonmatsu
- Kan'ichi Asakawa, academic 
- Chieko Takamura, artist
- Michiro Endo, musician, political activist
- Yuki Takamiya, long-distance runner
- >"Population & Households as of March 1 2018" (in Japanese). Official Nihonmatsu city statistics. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- "The Dreamer of Fukushima -Chieko Takamura". Pref.fukushima.jp. 1938-10-05. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
- Nihonmatsu climate data
- Nihonmatsu population statistics
- 二本松の歴史年表 [Nihonmatsu History by Year] (in Japanese). 二本松市. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- Voy:Japan's Top 100 Cherry Blossom Spots
- "Senkonari home page". Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- "Utsukushima Fukushima Story - The dreamer : Kan'ichi Asakawa"
- "【東京マラソン】無名２８歳・高宮、一般参加から日本人トップでリオ候補浮上 : スポーツ報知". Hochi.co.jp. Archived from the original on 2016-02-29. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
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