Location of Niimi in Okayama Prefecture
|• Mayor||Masao Ishigaki (since 1994)|
|• Total||793.27 km2 (306.28 sq mi)|
|Population (March 31, 2011)|
|• Density||42.90/km2 (111.1/sq mi)|
|• Bird||Cettia diphone|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|City hall address||Niimi 310-3, Niimi City, Okayama Prefecture (岡山県新見市新見310-3)
As of March 31, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 34,035 (16,200 males, 17,835 females), with 13,077 households and a population density of 42.90 persons per km². The total area is 793.27 km². Niimi is located on the upper reaches of the Takahashi River (110.7 kilometres (68.8 mi).
Niimi was known as early as the Heian period (794 – 1185). A shōen manorial estate called Niimi-shō' occupied much of the area of present-day Niimi. Niimi, due to its location on the Takashi River, became an important center of inland trade. In the Sengoku period (1467 – 1573) the Seki clan controlled the area, and established the Niimi Domain. The modern city of Niimi was founded on June 1, 1954.
Niimi was historically known for its iron sand quarries and the production of wagyu beef. The principle industries in modern Niimi are limestone quarrying, cement production, forestry, and tourism. Yamasa Company, Ltd., a producer of pachinko slot machines, is headquartered in the city. Farms in Niimi produce tobacco, peaches, and beef. A black tea plantation is also being trialled here.
The city is served by Niimi Kōritsu Tanki Daigaku, known in English as Niimi College.
- Geibi Line (Niimi -- Hiroshima, Hiroshima Prefecture)
- Kishin Line (Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture—Niimi)
- Hakubi Line (Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture -- Yonago, Tottori Prefecture)
Niimi maintains the following Sister/Friendship Cities.
- New Paltz, New York, United States since 1998.
- Sidney-by-the-Sea, British Columbia, Canada since 2008.
- Xinyang, People's Republic of China since 1992.
- "高梁川" [Takahashi River]. Kokushi Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 683276033. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- "新見" [Niimi]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- "新見" [Niimi]. Kokushi Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 683276033. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- "Niimi". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
- 山佐株式会社 (Japanese)
- Niimi City official website (Japanese)