Nijemci

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Nijemci
Municipality
Nijemci
Nijemci
Official seal of Nijemci
Seal
Općina Nijemci 2.jpgNaselje Nijemci.jpg
Nijemci is located in Croatia
Nijemci
Nijemci
Location in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°8′N 19°2′E / 45.133°N 19.033°E / 45.133; 19.033Coordinates: 45°8′N 19°2′E / 45.133°N 19.033°E / 45.133; 19.033
Country Croatia
RegionSyrmia (Spačva basin)
CountyFlag of Vukovar-Syrmia County.svg Vukovar-Srijem
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipality4,705
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codeNijemci 32 245
Lipovac 32 246
Đeletovci 32 244
Donje Novo Selo 32 245
Banovci 32 247
Podgrađe 32 245
Apševci 32 246
Vinkovački Banovci 32 247
Area code(s)32
Vehicle registrationVK
Websitewww.opcina-nijemci.com

Nijemci is a village and a municipality in the Vukovar-Srijem County in Croatia.

In the 2011 census, there were 4,705 inhabitants in the municipality, 87.78% of which were Croats.[2] The second largest ethnic group are Serbs who live mainly in two villages in the north of the municipality. There are only 0.06% aforementioned Germans living in this municipality.

Languages and names

The village's name means "Germans" in Croatian. The root of the word "nijem" means "mute", and is a known Slavonic ethnonym for the name of the Germans.

Before World War II there was a substantial Danube Swabian minority resident here. The Communist regime of Josip Broz Tito expelled almost all of them at the end of World War II after 1945.

In villages Šidski Banovci and Vinkovački Banovci, along with Croatian which is official in the whole country, as a second official language has been introduced Serbian language with Cyrillic script.[3][4]

Geography

Municipality is located in historical regions of Syrmia. Municipality total area is 224.68 km2. Rivers Spačva i Bosut flows through the municipality. The territory of the municipality is completely flat very fertile black soil.

Climate and weather

Nijemci municipality has a moderately warm and rainy continental climate as defined by the Köppen climate classification. Due to the influence of continentality temperature differences within one year are more pronounced than in the rest of country.

Population

Municipality of Nijemci have a 4705 inhabitants according to 2011 Census. 1605 were living in the village of Nijemci at that time.

Economy

Nijemci is underdeveloped municipality which is statistically classified as the First Category Area of Special State Concern by the Government of Croatia.[5]

Education

Local elementary school for the first eight grades operate in the village of Nijemci since the 1760.[6]

Settlements

The following settlements comprise the Nijemci municipality:[1]

Settlement Population
Nijemci 1,605
Lipovac 814
Đeletovci 511
Donje Novo Selo 498
Banovci 432
Podgrađe 371
Apševci 305
Vinkovački Banovci 169

Notable natives and residents

References

  1. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Nijemci". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Vukovar-Sirmium". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  3. ^ Izvješće o provođenju ustavnog zakona o pravima nacionalnih manjina i o utošku sredstava osiguranih u državnom proračunu Republike Hrvatske za 2008. godinu za potrebe nacionalnih manjina, Zagreb, 2009.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  5. ^ Lovrinčević, Željko; Davor, Mikulić; Budak, Jelena (June 2004). "AREAS OF SPECIAL STATE CONCERN IN CROATIA- REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCES AND THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS". Ekonomski pregled, Vol.55 No.5-6. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Naselja". Retrieved April 6, 2017.

External links