Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This is a Malay name; the name Nik Mat is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Nik Abdul Aziz.
Yang Berbahagia Tuan Guru Dato' Bentara Setia Haji
Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat
Nik Aziz Kelantan.jpg
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
In office
22 October 1990 – 6 May 2013
Monarch Sultan Ismail Petra
Sultan Muhammad V
Deputy Ahmad Yaakob
Preceded by Mohamed Yaacob
Succeeded by Ahmad Yaakob
Spiritual Leader of PAS
In office
1991 – 12 February 2015
Preceded by Yusof Rawa
Succeeded by Haron Din
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Pengkalan Chepa
In office
1974–1986
Preceded by New constituency
Succeeded by Nik Abdullah Arshad
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Kelantan Hilir
In office
1967–1974
Preceded by Ahmad Abdullah
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Member of the Kelantan State Assembly
for Chempaka
In office
1995 – 12 February 2015
Preceded by New constituency
Succeeded by Ahmad Fathan Mahmood
Member of the Kelantan State Assembly
for Semut Api
In office
1986–1995
Preceded by Wan Mamat Wan Yusof
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
PAS Head of the Ulama Wing
In office
1971–1995
Kelantan PAS Commissioner
In office
1978–2013
Succeeded by Ahmad Yaakob
Personal details
Born (1931-01-10)10 January 1931
Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
Died 12 February 2015(2015-02-12) (aged 84)
Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
Resting place Tanah Perkuburan Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
Political party Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party
Spouse(s) Tuan Sabariah Tuan Ishak (m. 1963-2015)
Children Nik Aini
Nik Umar
Nik Adli
Nik Abdul Rahim
Nik Mohamad Abduh
Nik Adilah
Nik Mohamad Asri
Nik Amani
Nik Amalina
Nik Asma' Salsabila
Parents Nik Mat Raja Banjar
Aminah Abdul Majid
Alma mater Al-Azhar University
Darul Uloom Deoband
Religion Sunni Islam

Tuan Guru Dato' Bentara Setia Haji Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (10 January 1931 – 12 February 2015) was a Malaysian politician and Muslim cleric. He was the Menteri Besar of Kelantan from 1990 to 2013 and the Mursyidul Am or Spiritual Leader of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1991 until his death in 2015. Overall, his career as an elected politician lasted for some 48 years following his election to the Parliament of Malaysia in 1967.

Early life[edit]

Nik Abdul Aziz was born in Kota Bharu in 1931 as the second of five siblings. He was raised by a single father (Tok Kura) who was an aspiring blacksmith.[1] Nik Aziz's Islamic studies began in pondok schools in Kelantan and Terengganu.[2] He went on to study at Darul Uloom Deoband in Uttar Pradesh, India for five years. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts in Arabic Studies and Master of Arts in Islamic jurisprudence from Al-Azhar University, Egypt. During his university studies, he was one of the witnesses and a civilian to have lived in the heat of the Arab-Israeli Conflict.[3]

Having returned from Egypt, Nik Aziz began as a teacher at various religious schools in Kelantan, hence his popular nickname "Tok Guru."[2] He was able to converse in Standard Malay, Arabic, English, Tamil and Urdu in addition to his native Kelantanese.[2]

Political career[edit]

Nik Aziz joined PAS in 1967. He contested and won the Kelantan Hilir parliamentary seat by-election in that same year, and held the seat (later renamed Pengkalan Chepa) until 1986.[2] In 1982, he was part of a movement by young members to bring change to the party leadership. PAS had lost the Kelantan state elections in 1978 and, as PAS state commissioner, Nik Aziz began to question president Asri Muda's leadership. Finally, in the PAS Muktamar (General Assembly) that year, Asri was forced to resign.[3]

After stepping aside from federal politics, Nik Aziz won a seat in the Kelantan State Assembly in the 1986 general elections. In 1990, PAS managed to wrest control of Kelantan back from Barisan Nasional. In his capacity as party leader in the state, Nik Aziz became Menteri Besar of Kelantan.[2] He succeeded Yusof Rawa as spiritual leader of PAS in 1991.

Nik Aziz's government was re-elected on four occasions (1995, 1999, 2004, 2008), until his retirement in 2013. During the 1990s, his administration in Kelantan frequently clashed on the role of Islam in Malaysia with the then Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. In contrast with the racially-exclusive ruling party UMNO, he openly rejected communal politics.[4]

Nik Aziz commanded support from a large number of non-Muslims in Malaysia and played a leading role during PAS' increase in popularity among non-Muslims.[5][6][7]

Issues[edit]

Hardline views[edit]

Nik Aziz drew some criticism for his hardline Islamic views. His advocacy of Islamic shariah law for all Malay Muslims drew criticism, as did his suggestion that women would be at a lower risk of being raped if they abandoned using their lipstick and perfume, and for a 15-year ban on the game of snooker.[8][9] He was also recorded once stating that fashionable and sexy-dressing women deserved to be raped during a ceramah.[10]

The "Allah" issue[edit]

In 2012, there was an issue of Catholics in Malaysia using the Arabic term for "God"; "Allah" in their Christian Bible. Initially, Nik Aziz stated that the word "Allah" can be used by non- Muslims as the origin of the word itself is evidently pre-Islamic. The issue caused a stir in the Muslim community. The PAS party was almost divided into two blocs; one that supported the use of the word, and one that did not. Aiming to restore unity in PAS, Nik Aziz took back his words and disapproved of the word "Allah" being used by non-Muslims.[11]

Son detained under ISA[edit]

His son Nik Adli was held under the Malaysian Internal Security Act in 2001 for alleged terrorist activities including planning jihad, possession of weapons, and membership in the Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia (KMM), an Islamist extremist group.[12][13][14][15] After 5 years in detention without trial, he was released.[16]

Retirement and death[edit]

Nik Aziz retired as Chief Minister of Kelantan at the 2013 election. PAS was re-elected and Nik Aziz's deputy, Ahmad Yaakob, took his place. Over the ensuing two years, Nik Aziz became increasingly ill with prostate cancer, and died at 9.40 p.m. Malaysia Standard Time (UTC+08:00) on 12 February 2015 at his residence in Kampung Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu. The following day, more than 10,000 people attended his funeral at Masjid Tok Guru, his local mosque.[17] His death triggered a by-election for his seat, N06 Chempaka in the Kelantan State Assembly.[18]

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia
Year Constituency Opposition Votes Pct Government Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1967 Kelantan Hilir, Kelantan Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)
1969 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 13,635 60.73% Mohamed Salleh Ibrahim (UMNO) 8,817 39.27% 23,183 4,818 74.65%
1974 Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan Umar Ibrahim (IND) 4,682 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 13,243 17,925 8,561 70.77%
1978 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 29,156 1,978
1982 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 16,759 Hassan Harun (UMNO) 11,417 28,907 5,342 78.73%
Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1986 N04 Semut Api Hafsah Osman (UMNO) 4,094 39.64% Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 6,233 60.36% 10,754 2,139 74.97%
1990 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 9,504 79.10% Wan Mat (UMNO) 2,511 20.90% 12,341 6,993 76.22%
1995 N05 Chempaka Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 7,851 72.80% Yusuf Isa (UMNO) 2,934 27.20% 11,413 4,917 74.80%
1999 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 8,649 74.48% Ropli Ishak (UMNO) 2,302 19.82% 11,801 6,347 78.26%
2004 N06 Chempaka Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 7,889 65.10% Ruhani Mamat (UMNO) 4,195 34.62% 12,407 3,694 81.47%
2008 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 9,514 64.13% Nik Mohd Zain Omar (UMNO) 5,265 35.49% 15,077 4,249 84.62%
2013 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS) 12,310 67.92% Wan Razman Wan Abdul Razak (UMNO) 5,810 32.06% 18,360 6,500 85.94%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zulkifli Sulong (3 July 2010). "Meet Nik Aziz's brother, the teacher with a dream". Harakah. Retrieved 4 July 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Menteri Besar Kelantan, Parti Islam Semalaysia (PAS), retrieved 13 June 2010 
  3. ^ a b Abdul Razak Ahmad (8 May 2007). "76 and frail, yet he's still the one they want". New Straits Times (New Straits Times Press). 
  4. ^ Shazwan Mustafa Kamal (9 June 2010). "Nik Aziz says 'no way' to PAS-Umno unity talks". The Malaysian Insider. 
  5. ^ Wong, Chin Huat (27 August 2009). "Can PAS manage victory?". The Nut Graph. 
  6. ^ Shazwan Mustafa Kamal (10 June 2010). "PAS succession plan not an issue, says Nik Aziz". The Malaysian Insider. 
  7. ^ Zubaidah Abu Bakar (8 June 2010). "Pas fishing for non-Malay votes". New Straits Times. 
  8. ^ "Cleric: Women's Sexy Clothing Distracting Muslim Men From Sleep, Prayers". Fox News. 31 October 2007. 
  9. ^ Lewis, Leo (2 November 2007). "Female fashions cause sleepless nights". The Australian. 
  10. ^ Sira Habibu. "Video clip of Nik Aziz goes viral", The Star Online, 25 October 2012. Retrieved on 26 February 2013.
  11. ^ The Star. "Nik Aziz makes about-turn on ‘Allah’ use", Kota Bahru, 15 Januari 2013. Retrieved on 26 February 2013.
  12. ^ Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia (KMM) GlobalSecurity.org
  13. ^ Wong, Chun Wai; Charles, Lourdes (2 January 2003). "Nik Aziz's son named in report". The Star (Malaysia). 
  14. ^ Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia Novelguide.com
  15. ^ Background Information on Other Terrorist Groups US Department of State
  16. ^ MacIntyre, Ian; Zulklifli, C.A. (19 October 2006). "Nik Aziz's son freed with 10 others". The Star (Malaysia). 
  17. ^ Lim Sue Goan (14 February 2014). "Pakatan sans Anwar, Nik Aziz". Sin Chew Jit Poh. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  18. ^ "PAS spiritual leader Nik Aziz dies, by-election looms". Malay Mail. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mohamed Yaacob
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
22 October 1990 – 6 May 2013
Succeeded by
Ahmad Yaakob
Parliament of Malaysia
Preceded by
Ahmad Abdullah
Member of Parliament for Kelantan Hilir
1967–1974
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
New constituency
Member of Parliament for Pengkalan Chepa
1974–1986
Succeeded by
Nik Abdullah Arshad
Preceded by
New constituency
Member of Kelantan State Assembly for Chempaka
1995 – 12 February 2015
Succeeded by
Ahmad Fathan Mahmood
Preceded by
Wan Mamat Wan Yusof
Member of Kelantan State Assembly for Semut Api
1986–1995
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished
Party political offices
Preceded by
Yusof Rawa
Spiritual Leader of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party
1991 – 12 February 2015
Succeeded by
Haron Din
Preceded by
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Head of the Ulama Wing
1971–1995
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Kelantan Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Commissioner
1978–2013
Succeeded by
Ahmad Yaakob