Nikita Akinfiyevich Demidov

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Nikita Akinfiyevich Demidov
Nikita Demidov
Born September 8, 1724 (1724-09-08)
Died 1789 (1790) (aged 64)
Occupation Russian industrialist and arts patron

Nikita Akinfiyevich Demidov (Russian: Никита Акинфиевич Демидов) (September 8, 1724 – 1789) was a Russian industrialist and arts patron.

He was the younger son of Akinfiy Demidov, brother of Prokofi Demidov and father of Nikolai Demidov.

Inheriting mines and metallurgical factories in the Urals and Siberia (he left eight such factories, a huge annual income and 12,000 serfs to his son Nikolay on his death), he was also a major landowner, with properties in central and southern Russia and in Italy. He was an amateur scientist, the first member of the Demidov family to protect the arts actively and a major traveller, journeying abroad to see Europe's industrial innovations, manners and culture. In 1786 he published a Journal of his foreign travels, and also corresponded with Voltaire and Diderot. In 1779 he set up a medal to reward a success in mechanics, to be decided by the Russian Academy of Sciences.