Nikodem Caro

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Nikodem Caro (23 May 1871, Łódź, then Russian Empire – 27 June 1935, Rome, Italy) was an industrial chemist and entrepreneur.[1][2] Caro was born in Łódź, and studied chemistry in Berlin at the Royal Technical College of Charlottenburg (now Technical University of Berlin) and got his doctorate from Rostock University. From 1895 on he worked in the Deutsche Dynamit AG with Adolph Frank on the development of calcium cyanamide as a means of fixing nitrogen, hence the Frank-Caro process. Caro became an important figure in the nitrogen fixation industry and a rival of Fritz Haber.[3]

Caro also contributed to the production of combat gases used by German troops during World War I.[1] After the war he became the first president of Bayerische Stickstoffwerke AG.[2]

Caro is the author of many works about various elements, synthesis a chemical compounds actions e.g. Gewinnung von Chlor und Salzsäure (1893), Landwirtschaftliche Untersuchungen (1895), Handbuch für Acetylen (1904),[4] Die Torflager als Kraftquellen (1907).[1]

After Hitler's rise to power he left Berlin, emigrating through Switzerland to Italy. Caro died in 1935 and was buried in Zürich.[1][2]

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  1. ^ a b c d
  2. ^ a b c Degussa
  3. ^ Royal Society of Chemistry
  4. ^ Caro, N., A. Ludwig und J. H. Vogel, Handbuch für Acetylen in technischer und wissenschaftlicher Hinsicht. Braunschweig 1904.