|Prime Minister of Macedonia|
27 August 2006 – 18 January 2016
|Preceded by||Vlado Bučkovski|
|Succeeded by||Emil Dimitriev (Interim)|
|Minister of Finance|
27 December 1999 – 11 January 2002
|Prime Minister||Ljubčo Georgievski|
|Preceded by||Boris Stojmenov|
|Succeeded by||Petar Gosev|
31 August 1970 |
Skopje, Yugoslavia (now Macedonia)
|Alma mater||St Clement of Ohrid University
University of Skopje
Nikola Gruevski (Macedonian: Никола Груевски [ˈnikɔɫa ˈɡruefski] ( listen); born 31 August 1970) is a Macedonian politician. He served as Prime Minister of Macedonia from 27 August 2006 to 18 January 2016, and has led the ruling VMRO-DPMNE party since May 2003. He was Minister of Finance in the VMRO-DPMNE government led by Ljubčo Georgievski until September 2002.
Under a Western-brokered deal, Gruevski agreed to resign and left his post on January 18, 2016.
Born in Skopje in 1970, Gruevski was brought up in a family that was neither privileged nor poor. His father worked in furniture and design and his mother was a nurse. After his parents’ divorce, he was raised by his mother. At the age of four, however, she went to work in Libya, like thousands of other Yugoslav citizens, and took him with her. After their return Gruevski completed primary and secondary education in Skopje. Having graduated from the Faculty of Economics at St. Clement of Ohrid University of Bitola in 1994 (where he dabbled in amateur theatre and boxing) he entered the nascent finance sector, and was the first person to trade on Skopje's stock exchange. In 1996 he also acquired qualifications for the international capital market from a London Securities Institute. On 12 December 2006, he obtained a master's degree from the Faculty of Economics at Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje. Gruevski founded the Brokerage Association of Macedonia in 1998 and made the first transaction on the Macedonian Stock Exchange.
Gruevski's paternal grandparents stem from the Ottoman Macedonia village of Krushoradi, where his grandfather Nikola Gruev (1911–1940) was born. Until the official Greek annexation after the Second Balkan War in 1913, it was under the jurisdiction of the Bulgarian Exarchate. The Greek administration later changed the names of the local villagers according to Greek Church regulations. The village itself was renamed by the Greek authorities to Achlada in 1926. Gruev (Hellenized as Grouios) fought in the Greco-Italian War, where he lost his life. His name is mentioned on the war memorial in Achlada among the names of the locals who were killed during World War II. Years later, during the Greek Civil War, Gruevski's grandmother and father, like thousands of other Macedonians, fled north to what was then Yugoslav Macedonia, where they changed their family name to Gruevski.
Political career, 1999–present
Minister of Finance (1999–2002)
The government under Ljubčo Georgievski sold the Macedonian Telecom to Hungarian Matáv and the OKTA oil refinery to Hellenic Petroleum. Gruevski also implemented financial reforms, including the reform of the payment system and the value added tax of 18%, requiring fiscal receipts for all Macedonian businesses, which was a program designed to fight tax evasion.
Party leader (2003–present)
Gruevski is the leader of the nationalist ruling party VMRO-DPMNE. After VMRO-DPMNE was defeated in the 2002 parliamentary election, there was a period of infighting within the party. Gruevski emerged as the pro-EU leader, and he was elected as leader of the party after Ljubčo Georgievski left the position. The former prime minister set up his own party (VMRO-People's Party), but VMRO-DPMNE retained most of the party's supporters.
Prime Minister (2006–16)
The VMRO-DPMNE won the July 2006 parliamentary election, and on 25 August 2006 he constituted the new government. His government had many new faces, mostly in their 30s, in key ministries and other positions. In the election Gruevski earned the distinction of becoming the first elected European head of government born in the 1970s.
In June 2007, Gruevski attended a meeting in Tirana, Albania, along with President of the United States George W. Bush, Prime Minister of Albania Sali Berisha, and Prime Minister of Croatia Ivo Sanader.
The coalition led by his party, VMRO-DPMNE, won the 1 June 2008 parliamentary election, their second electoral victory in a row, winning more than half of the seats in the parliament. The polling was marred by a number of violent incidents and allegations of fraud in some ethnic Albanian dominated municipalities. Gruevski created a government with the ethnic Albanian political party Democratic Union for Integration.
The coalition led by his party, VMRO-DPMNE, won the 5 June 2011 parliamentary election, their third electoral victory in a row, winning 56 out of the 123 seats in the parliament. Objections of misuse of state resources, including the blackmail of over one hundred thousand public servants to act as agitators were neglected, and the elections were declared valid. Gruevski formed the new government, again in coalition with the Democratic Union for Integration.
On 6 January 2012, Gruevski opened the triumphal arch "Porta Macedonia" in Skopje as a monument to 20th anniversary of Macedonian independence, and admitted that he personally has been the instigator of the Skopje 2014 project.
On 27 April 2014, VMRO-DPMNE won the parliamentary election, providing Gruevski another term as Prime Minister.
In May 2015, protests occurred in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, against the incumbent Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and his government. Protests began following charges being brought up against Zoran Zaev, the opposition leader, who responded by alleging that Gruevski had 20,000 Macedonian officials and other figures wiretapped, and covered up the murder of a young man by a police officer in 2011. A major protest occurred on May 5, seeing violent clashes between activists and police, with injuries on both sides. In the days afterward, the opposition claimed that more anti-government actions will occur, which they did later that month. Several ministers, including the interior minister, resigned during the protests. Gruevski himself refused to step down, saying on May 16 that "if I back down it would be a cowardly move ... I’ll face down the attacks.”
Awards and recognition
- 2014: Order St. Nicholas – Highest Award of Štip 
- 2015: Order Baptist (Preteca) from Saint Jovan Bigorski Monastery
- Vienna Economic Forum award – for contribution to national and regional economic development (2011)
- A profile of Gruevski, The Economist, 12 August 2011
- iBi Center. "NATO PA – PLENARY – Nikola Gruevski". Nato-pa.int. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- "уким". Ukim.edu.mk. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- "President of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia | Влада На Република Македонија". Vlada.mk. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- Brancoff, D.M. La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne. Avec deux cartes ethnographiques, Paris, 1905, pp. 176-177.
- Ivo Banac, "The Macedoine" in "The National Question in Yugoslavia. Origins, History, Politics", pp. 307-328, Cornell University Press, 1984, retrieved on 8 September 2007.
- Greek Institution "Pandektis"
- "Dnevnik". Dnevnik. 22 February 1999. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- Who's your daddy? (accessed 24 December 2010)
- Deputy Prime Minister > Biography (accessed 24 December 2010)
- Parties and Elections in Europe – Macedonia
- "PM claims win in Macedonian poll", BBC News, Link accessed 01/06/08
- Macedonia, Kazakhstan: Triumphal Arches to Celebrate 20 Years of Independence, Global Voices Online
- "PM Gruevski: Yes, Skopje 2014 was my Idea". MINA. 7 January 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
- Gruevski, Nikola and Vaknin, Sam Macedonian Economy on a Crossroads, Skopje, NIP Noval Literatura, 1998. ISBN 9989-610-01-0
- Gruevski, Nikola, The Way Out
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nikola Gruevski.|
- Biography of Gruevski at the Homepage of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia
- Book: Makedonskata ekonomija na krstopat : na patot kon pozdrava ekonomija by Nikola Gruevski and Sam Vaknin
|Minister of Finance
|Prime Minister of Macedonia