Nikola Martinoski (August 18, 1903 – February 7, 1973), sometimes spelled Martinovski (Macedonian: Никола Мартиноски), was a Yugoslav and Aromanian painter. He is considered as a founder of contemporary Macedonian art. Martinoski is best known for his painting titled Mother with Child, which, although first created in the 1930s, was not completed until the 1960s. He is also known as "The Doctor" for the many paintings he donated to modern art.
Martinoski was born Nikolache Martin in 1903 to an Aromanian family in Kuruşova (at the time part of the Ottoman Empire). He developed an interest in painting at a young age and attended art classes in the workshop of Dimitar Andonov-Papradinski, an icon painter in Skopje. Prior to 1921, he was constantly on the move. Finally, Nikola settled down in Bucharest, Romania and attended the Academy of Fine Arts, now known as the Bucharest National University of Arts, from which he graduated in 1927.
Years in Paris
Martinoski spent two years (1927–1928) in Paris at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, which is famous for former students Amedeo Modigliani and Boris Anrep and the Académie Ranson with artists like the Polish painter Moise Kisling and Roger Bissiere, who acted as mentors. This period had a major impact on his life and style as a painter.
Life in Skopje
Martinoski came back to Skopje brimming with avant-garde ideas about art. He developed a very specific expressionistic style and started dealing with social themes rather than portraits. Nikola soon became a member of the Belgrade group Oblik.
His first individual exhibition was in 1929 in Skopje. Afterwards, he started exhibiting in other cities such as Belgrade, Zagreb and Paris. While he continued drawing, painting, and exhibiting, Martinoski also began creating large murals. Later, he established the Artistic Gallery located in Skopje (now known as the National Gallery of Macedonia) and won numerous awards.
Martinoski died on February 7, 1973, at the age of sixty-nine in Skopje, then in Yugoslavia. He gave sixty-two of his paintings to Kruševo as a parting gift. His home in Kruševo is now a gallery where a small number of his works are exhibited.
Centenary of Martinoski's birth
In 2003, the National Gallery of Macedonia completed the project "100 years from Martinoski's birth". The exhibition featured paintings that had never been publicly shown before because they were part of 116 paintings that Martinoski left to his family in a nondescript box.
- "Life". Nikola Martinoski. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Nikola Martinovski Biography". GRAL Gallery. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Kulturen život, Volume 33. Skopje, Macedonia: Kulturno-prosvetnata zaednica na Makedonija. 1988. p. 32.
- Destination Avdela 2012, Or Back to the Future a Travelogue, Paul Beza, Fast-Print Publishing, 2013, ISBN 1780356285, p. 37.
- "Work". Nikola Martinoski. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Martinovski, Nikola; Borislav Traikovski; Maja Hill; Dimitar Kondovski; Marin O Kocalev; Petar Mazev; Gavril Atanasov (2010). Macedonian Painters. [S.l.]: General Books. ISBN 978-1-157-25436-2. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "Exhibition of Previously Unseen Works by Nikola Martinoski". Culture: Republic of Macedonia. Retrieved 3 July 2013.