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From 1989 to 1991, he was Head of KGB human resources, and from 1992 to 1998 served as First Deputy Chief and later Chief of Russia's Federal Borderguard Service.
On 7 December 1998, he was appointed Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, and also Chief of the Russian presidential administration. He served in this position until 18 March 1999. During this period he was viewed by some analysts as a possible successor to President Boris Yeltsin.
He holds the rank of Colonel General.
Honours and awards
- Order For Merit to the Fatherland, 4th class
- Order of Courage
- Order of Friendship
- Medal For Distinction in Protection of the State Borders
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 850th Anniversary of Moscow"
- Medals "For Distinction in Military Service" 1st and 2nd classes
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Medals "For Impeccable Service" 1st, 2nd and 3rd classes
- Order of Friendship (Kazakhstan)
- Order of Friendship of Peoples (Belarus)
| Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation
1998 - 1999
| Chief of the Russian presidential administration
7 December 1998, – March 1999