Nikolai Brashman

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Nikolai Brashman
Николай Дмитриевич Брашман.jpg
Nikolai Dmitrievich Brashman
Born(1796-06-14)June 14, 1796
Neu-Raußnitz, Austrian Empire
DiedMay 25, 1866(1866-05-25) (aged 69)
Moscow, Russian Empire
NationalityAustrian
Alma materUniversity of Vienna
Vienna Polytechnic Institute
Known forContributions to mechanics and analytical geometry
AwardsDemidov Prize (1836)
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics
InstitutionsKazan University
St Petersburg University
Imperial Moscow University
Doctoral advisorJoseph von Littrow
Other academic advisorsNikolai Lobachevsky
Notable studentsPafnuty Chebyshev
August Davidov
Osip Somov

Nikolai Dmitrievich Brashman (Russian: Николáй Дми́триевич Брáшман; German: Nikolaus Braschmann; June 14, 1796 – 25 May [O.S. 13 May] 1866) was a Russian mathematician of Jewish-Austrian origin.[1] He was a student of Joseph Johann Littrow, and the advisor of Pafnuty Chebyshev and August Davidov.[2]

He was born in Neu-Raußnitz (today Rousínov in Czech Republic, then in Austrian Empire) and studied at the University of Vienna and Vienna Polytechnic Institute. In 1824 he moved to St Petersburg and then accepted a position at the Kazan University. In 1834 he became a professor of applied mathematics at the Moscow University. There he is best remembered as a founder of the Moscow Mathematical Society and its journal Matematicheskii Sbornik.[3]

For his mechanics textbook, in 1836 Brashman was awarded the Demidov Prize by the Russian Academy of Sciences. The academy elected him a corresponding member in 1855. He died in Moscow in 1866.

References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Nikolai Brashman", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
  2. ^ Nikolai Brashman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  3. ^ Steffens, Karl-Georg (2007), The History of Approximation Theory: From Euler to Bernstein, Springer, p. 22, ISBN 9780817644758.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Imperial Moscow University: 1755-1917: encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow: Russian political encyclopedia (ROSSPEN). A. Andreev, D. Tsygankov. 2010. pp. 94–95. ISBN 978-5-8243-1429-8.