Nikolai Dmitrievich Brashman
|Born||June 14, 1796|
Neu-Raußnitz, Austrian Empire
|Died||May 25, 1866 (aged 69)|
Moscow, Russian Empire
|Alma mater||University of Vienna|
Vienna Polytechnic Institute
|Known for||Contributions to mechanics and analytical geometry|
|Awards||Demidov Prize (1836)|
St Petersburg University
Imperial Moscow University
|Doctoral advisor||Joseph von Littrow|
|Other academic advisors||Nikolai Lobachevsky|
|Notable students||Pafnuty Chebyshev|
Nikolai Dmitrievich Brashman (Russian: Николáй Дми́триевич Брáшман; German: Nikolaus Braschmann; June 14, 1796 – 25 May [O.S. 13 May] 1866) was a Russian mathematician of Jewish-Austrian origin. He was a student of Joseph Johann Littrow, and the advisor of Pafnuty Chebyshev and August Davidov.
He was born in Neu-Raußnitz (today Rousínov in Czech Republic, then in Austrian Empire) and studied at the University of Vienna and Vienna Polytechnic Institute. In 1824 he moved to St Petersburg and then accepted a position at the Kazan University. In 1834 he became a professor of applied mathematics at the Moscow University. There he is best remembered as a founder of the Moscow Mathematical Society and its journal Matematicheskii Sbornik.
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Nikolai Brashman", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Nikolai Brashman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Steffens, Karl-Georg (2007), The History of Approximation Theory: From Euler to Bernstein, Springer, p. 22, ISBN 9780817644758.