Nikolai Kozlovsky

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Nikolai Fedorovich Kozlovsky (Ukrainian: Микола Федорович Козловський) (1921-1996) was a Ukrainian Soviet photographer and teacher.[1]

Biography[edit]

Nikolai Fedorovich Kozlovsky was born May 8, 1921 in Sumy, now in the Ukraine (he should not to be confused with the cinematographer and actor Nikolay Feofanovych Kozlovsky 1887–1939).

Career[edit]

In 1937 and 1938, while still in his teens, Kozlovsky photographed at ‘Artek’ children’s ‘pioneer’ camp  on the southern coast of the Crimea in the village of Gurzuf, a "treatment camp" for children with tuberculosis, diseases of the nervous system, overfatigue and anemia, which by the beginning of the 1930s, had been made a year-round facility.  Kozlovsky’s photographs show the children, sometimes dressed in sailor’s uniform, sunbathing, playing snooker, sightseeing and sounding the bugle.[2]

His first serious photo piece was titled "Ukrainian Nuremberg", depicting a trial of Nazis that took place in Kiev's Maidan Square in January 1946.[3]

Magazine photographer[edit]

In 1948 he joined the magazine Ogonek[4] in the Ukraine as a special photo correspondent, remaining with the magazine for nearly forty years.[5] Many of his photographs are in colour and are in an heroic socialist realist style depicting such scenes as father and son washing their Volga car before going to Stalino [Donetsk], a family of 'Heroes of Socialist Labor' enjoying an al fresco meal in their collective farm in Bedia, Georgia,[6] and tourism in the Carpathians.[7] For the magazine he made portraits of Ukrainian and Soviet personalities Buchma A., M. Krushelnitsky, N. Uzhviy, E. Ponomarenko, Y. Shumsky, N. Romanov, M. Litvinenko-Wohlgemuth, I. Patorzhinskogo, Jura, Z. Gaidai, N. Grishko. He was a prolific photographer of the city of Kiev, recording images which are now a valuable historic record.[8]

Kozlovsky was a teacher of photography, one of his students being the noted Yuri Buslenko (1951–2014).

International recognition[edit]

In 1955 Edward Steichen selected Kozlovsky's picture of traditional dancers, discovered by assistant Wayne Miller at the Sovfoto agency,[9] for the ‘Ring a Ring o' Roses’ section of the world touring Museum of Modern Art exhibition The Family of Man, seen by 9 million visitors, and its catalogue, which is still in print.[10] Kozlovsky's photography also featured in a 1984 edition of the magazine Soviet Life distributed in the United States[11]

Kozlovsky's many illustrated books were widely distributed and his prodigious output was recognised in 1986 when he was winner of the Shevchenko Prize for his book "My Kiev".[12]

The photographer features in Anatoliĭ Sofronov's novel Meetings with Sholokhov[13]

He died on August 15, 1996 in his beloved Kiev.

Publications[edit]

Among his creative works are more than 30 photography books, including:

  • 1956 «Peyzazhi Zakarpat'ya» ("Landscapes of Transcarpathia”)
  • 1959 «Po Zakarpat'yu» (“In Transcarpathia”)
  • 1960 «Snova tsvetut kashtany» ("The chestnuts are again in bloom”) with Dmitri Baltermants and Oles Honchar
  • 1961 «V bratskoy Bolgarii» ("In fraternal Bulgaria”)
  • 1962 «V ob"yektive Yaponiya» (“Japan in the Lens”) circulation 12000.
  • 1962 «Cherez 15 morey i 2 okeana» (“Through 15 Seas and 2 Oceans”) circulation 20000.
  • 1968 «Desna — krasunya» ("Desna the Beautiful”) Nikolay Kozlovskiy (photography),Oleg Shmelev (text)
  • 1969 «Tam gde rozhdayetsya utro» (“Where the Morning Is Born”) with Henry Gurkov. Moscow: Pravda
  • 1967 «Karpaty zovut» (“The Carpathians call.”) Kiev: Mystetstvo
  • 1967 «Kiyev i kiyevlyane» ("Kiev and the Kievites”) Kiev: Mystetstvo
  • 1969 «U nas na Kamchatke» (“Our Kamchatka”) Soviet Russia.[14]
  • 1973 «V ob"yektive zhizn'» (“Life in the Lens”)  Kiev: Mystetstvo
  • 1976 «Kiêve míy» (“My Kiev”) Kiev: Mystetstvo. Circulation: 40000[15]
  • 1979 «Kiyev i kiyevlyane» ("Kiev and the people of Kiev”) Kiev: Mystetstvo
  • 1981 «Vysokiye paralleli» (“Sublime parallel”) N.Kozlovskiy, L.Ustinov, V.Chin-Mo Tsaya. Circulation 15000
  • 1982 «Balet» (“Ballet”) Kiev: Mystetstvo
  • 1982«Fotografii» (“Photographs”) Moscow: The Planet, 1982. 28x26 cm. - 20,000 copies
  • 1984 «Patonovtsy» On the 50th anniversary of the Institute of Electric Welding. Patona. Kiev: Science. 5000 copies
  • 1985 «Po Dnepru. (“On the Dnieper”) Kiev: Mystetstvo
  • 1986 «Kiêve míy» (“This is Kiev”) Kiev: Mystetstvo
  • 1987 «Kií̈v» (“Kiev”) Kiev: "Mystetstvo", 1987. Circulation 25000 copies. Printed in Yugoslavia, Belgrade
  • 1987 «Patonovtsy»  2nd ed., Revised. and expanded. - Kiev: Science,  6700 copies
  • 1993 «Kiyev» (“Kiev”). 2nd ed. Kiev: Mystetstvo"

Awards and Prizes[edit]

  • Honoured Cultural Worker USSR
  • The State Prize named for TG Shevchenko (1986) for the photo album "My Kiev"[12]
  • Order of the Badge of Honour
  • Y. A. Galan Prize

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biography at Kiev Calendar site
  2. ^ Russian State Archive of Cinema Virtual exhibition "The warm sea …”
  3. ^ "100 photos of Mykola Kozlovsky (in ukrainian)". amnesia.in.ua. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  4. ^ Porter, Cathy; Korotych, Vitaliĭ, 1936- (1990), The new Soviet journalism : the best of the Soviet weekly Ogonyok, Beacon Press, ISBN 978-0-8070-6151-0CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Tupitsyn, Margarita (1996), The Soviet photograph, 1924-1937, Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-06450-6
  6. ^ a selection of colour photographs from Ogonek
  7. ^ Kozlovsky's photographs of tourism in the Carpathians in 1966
  8. ^ Alex Panchenko 'Photographers stopped time to show Kiev 150 years ago' Stokovi magazine, Lifestyle supplement, April 17, 2016.
  9. ^ Sandeen, Eric J (1995), Picturing an exhibition : the family of man and 1950s America (1st ed.), University of New Mexico Press, p. 138, ISBN 978-0-8263-1558-8
  10. ^ Steichen, Edward; Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973, (organizer.); Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967, (writer of foreword.); Norman, Dorothy, 1905-1997, (writer of added text.); Lionni, Leo, 1910-1999, (book designer.); Mason, Jerry, (editor.); Stoller, Ezra, (photographer.); Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) (1955). The family of man : the photographic exhibition. Published for the Museum of Modern Art by Simon and Schuster in collaboration with the Maco Magazine Corporation.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Soviet life. (1969). Washington, D.C.
  12. ^ a b Management Of Culture and Tourism of Sumso Regional State Administration, Regional Universal Scientific Library: Anniversary of the Shevchenko Prize 1961–2011 [www.ounb.sumy.ua/publish/2011/kob.doc]
  13. ^ Sofronov, Anatoliĭ (1985), Meetings with Sholokhov, Progress Publishers
  14. ^ Description, contents and cover of U nas na Kamchatke at Kamchatka library
  15. ^ Photographs of Kiev from "My Kyiv"(1976) and "Kiev and the Kievites” (1968)