Nikolai Leonidovich Meshcheryakov (Николай Леонидович Мещеряков; 1865–1942) was head of the State Publishing House in Russia in the 1920s.
Meshcheryakov's political career started off in Narodnya Volya where he learnt conspiratorial techniques, before becoming aligned with Russian Social Democracy He was an old Sunday School friend of Nadya Krupskaya and introduced her to Social democracy and passed on his knowledge of illegal work. He spent some time in exile in Liege, Belgium.
- Maguire, Robert A. (2000). Red virgin soil : Soviet literature in the 1920's. Evanston, Ill.: North Western University Press. ISBN 978-0810117419.
- McKnight, David (2012). Espionage and the Roots of the Cold War: The Conspiratorial Heritage.
- Krupskaya, Nadya (1933). "Reminiscences of Lenin". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Beginning of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia issue". Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library. Retrieved 2013-02-20.