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|Chairman of the Military Revolutionary Committee|
|People's Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs of the Russian SFSR|
8 November 1917 – 13 March 1918
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Leon Trotsky|
|People's Commissar of Military Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR|
February 1919 – August 1919
|Born||February 4 (16), 1880
|Died||July 28, 1948
Nikolai Ilyich Podvoisky (Russian: Николай Ильич Подвойский) (February 4 (16), 1880 – July 28, 1948) was a Russian revolutionary. He played a large role in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and wrote many articles for the Soviet newspaper Krasnaya Gazeta. He also wrote a history of the Bolshevik Revolution, which describes the progress of the Russian Revolution without mentioning Leon Trotsky or Joseph Stalin.
He was chairperson of the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet and one of the troika who led the storming of the Winter Palace, and commissioned Sergei Eisenstein to create a film version of the 1920 re-enactment. Immediately following the Bolshevik Revolution in November 1917, he served as the first Commissar of Defence of Russia until March 1918.
- Bolshevik Festivals, 1917–1920 by James Von Geldern accessed 5 December 2008
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