Nikolaus van Hoy
Nikolaas van Hoy, known in Austria as Nikolaus van Hoy (alternative spellings of family name: 'van Hoey' and 'van Hoj') (b. Antwerp, 1631 - d. Vienna, 25 June 1679) was a Flemish Baroque painter, draughtsman and etcher.
He was born in Antwerp. He likely trained in Antwerp. He worked in Brussels between 1647 - 1655. He is also reported to have spent some time in Rome. He went to Vienna in 1657, possibly with the Dutch painter Jan van Ossenbeeck whom he would have met in Rome and had later joined him in Brussels.
He was succeeded at the court by his son Nickolaus van Hoey the Younger (Antwerp 1660- Vienna ca. 1710).
He made landscapes and portraits.
He engraved religious scenes and mythological figures adapted from originals of Veronese, Barocci and Raphael. He was one of the artists and engravers who collaborated with David Teniers the Younger on the publication entitled "Theatrum Pictorium", a catalogue of the picture gallery of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm. Abraham Teniers published the first edition in 1658 as loose leaves and unnumbered. The first part with 244 etchings of Italian pictures was published in Brussels in 1660, while the gallery was already in Vienna. The publication ends with an engraving by Frans van der Steen after a drawing by Nicolaus van Hoy of a view of the Stallburg gallery of the Archduke. Van Hoy was also responsible for individual engravings in the publication.
He made a series of 13 engravings of cavalcades or equestrian ballets, which were later remade by Jan van Ossenbeeck. The prints of cavalcades by Nicolaus van Hoy were published in Francesco Sbarra's 'La Contessa dell' Aria e dell' Aqua festa a cavallo rappresentata nell' augustissime nozze dell M.M. dell'Imperatore Leopold e dell' Infante Margherita della Spagne' in 1667.
He collaborated with other painters in the production of garland paintings. Garland paintings are a special type of still life developed in Antwerp by artists such as Jan Brueghel the Elder, Hendrick van Balen, Andries Daniels, Frans Francken the Younger, Peter Paul Rubens and Daniel Seghers. They typically show a flower garland around a devotional image or portrait. Garland paintings were usually collaborations between a still life and a figure painter. Van Hoy made garland paintings with other painters, such as the Flemish émigré painter Jan Anton van der Baren, who painted the flowers while Van Hoy painted the devotional image. An example is the Garland of Flowers Surrounding the Holy Family in the Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest).
Some of his works can be seen at :
- Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna : two scenes of battles
- Augustinerkirche, Vienna : the chapel
- Dominikanerkirche (Vienna) : the oil paintings in the pendants of the dome
- Bezirksmuseum Stockerau (Austria) : the oil painting "Heiliger Stephan"
- Nikolaas van Hoy at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (in Dutch)
- Nicolaus van Hoy (Biographical details) at the British Museum site
- Jan van Ossenbeeck on the Hadrianus website
- Theatrum Pictorium at the British Museum
- Karl Schütz, Die Sammlung Erzherzog Leopold Wilhelms, in: 1648: Krieg und Frieden in Europa, Münster, 1998, Volume 2, p. 181-190 (in German)
- Equestrian Ballet at the British Museum site
- Ursula Härting, Review of Susan Merriam, Seventeenth-Century Flemish Garland Paintings. Still Life, Vision and the Devotional Image
- Garland of Flowers Surrounding the Holy Family at the Netherlands Institute for Art History
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- Benezit E. - Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et graveurs - Librairie Gründ, Paris, 1976; ISBN 2-7000-0157-5