Nikolay Andrushchenko

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nikolay Andrushchenko
Nikolay Andrushchenko.png
Native name Николай Андрущенко
Born (1943-09-10)September 10, 1943
Leninogorsk, Kazakhstan
Died April 19, 2017(2017-04-19) (aged 73)
Hospital in St. Petersburg
Cause of death Head trauma
Nationality Russia
Education St. Petersburg State University
Occupation Journalist
Employer Novy Peterburg (newspaper)
Known for work for human rights, critics against Putin, research for corruption in St. Petersburg's gouvernment
Criminal charge Libel, extremism, insults
Criminal penalty Fine
Criminal status Guilty
Partner(s) married, but name unknown
Children son and daughter, names unknown

Nikolay Andrushchenko, (September 10, 1943[1] – April 19, 2017), a Russian journalist for the Novy Peterburg newspaper in St. Petersburg, Russia, died at the Mariinsky Hospital after being beaten.[1] He was a well-known critic and part of the opposition to Vladimir Putin in Russia.[2][3] Andruschenko was part of a critical documentary about Putin called 'Who is Mr. Putin' that linked President Putin with the organized crime, which is banned in Russia.[4]

Personal[edit]

Nikolay Andruschenko was born in 1943 in the city of Leninogorsk in Kazakhstan. He earned a doctorate in mathematics and physics at the Saint Petersburg State University. In the early 1990s, he started his political career in the St. Petersburg City Council, which lasted for 3 years.[1] He lived in St. Petersburg for a long time.[5] He leaves a wife and two children, a son and a daughter.[4]

Career[edit]

Nikolay Andruschenko started his political career in the early 1990s. He became a member of the St. Petersburg City Council.[6] Because of what he experienced during the end of the Soviet Union he wanted to change Russia, especially by investigating the corruption in his country. He is the co-founder of the newspaper Novy Peterburg for which he wrote until his death in 2017. In 2007 Newy Petersburg was shut down after two official warnings because of two articles that were published. One article from Andruschenko and another one by Konstantin Chernyaev. Novy Peterburg went to court and in 2009 they won their case and could publish again.[7]He was attacked twice in the months before he died, because of some documents that could have been related to investigstions he was working on. He was famous for his articles about human rights and his critic against the Russian president Vladimir Putin.[8][5] He gave several interviews about his contacts with Putin in the 1990s when Andruschenko was working as a lawmaker and Putin was working for the Mayor Anatoly Sobchak. Andruschenko said that the center of Putin's politics had always been money and nothing else.[4]

Controversies[edit]

In 2007 he was charged with libel, extremism and insult by Yunis Lukmanov, the chairman of the housing committee of the city. He was found guilty by a Russian court and had to pay a fine. After that Andruschenko decided to renounce his Russian citizenship.[1][9][10] Two years later in 2009 he was charged with insult of Dmitry Mazurov, a member of the Russian prosecuter. He was found guilty and had to pay 20.000 Russian rubel but the prosecuters dropped the cases of libel and extremism.[4][7] The original charges were based on articles about oppositions protest and about a trial of four men that had been convicted of murdering a student.[4]

Death[edit]

Nikolay Andrushchenko is located in Russia
St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg
Moscow
Moscow
St. Petersburg in Russia is shown relative to the capital city Moscow.

Nikolay Andruschenko was on his way to a business meeting March 9, 2017 when a group of unknown people beat him until he lost consciousness.[11] Several hours later he was found near his house with head trauma. He was rushed to the Mariinsky Hospital where doctors tried to save his life with brain surgery, but left him in a medically-induced coma. Although he started breathing on his own again, he died on the April 19, 2017.[12] Denis Usov, editor of the Novy Peterburg believed that the attack was linked to Andruschenko's articles about corruption in St. Petersburg.[13][14][15]

The attack was investigated by the 78th police department in the Central District of St. Petersburg, but according to Alevtina Ageyeva, director of Novy Peterburg, "The police are unlikely to put much effort into the investigation, since Andruschenko wrote a lot about the arbitrariness in the police, and he was not liked for his intransigence."[16] The attackers are still unknown.[17][18]

Context[edit]

Andruschnko is the seventh journalist to die in Putin's second presidency. The day after Andruschenko was assaulted another journalist was attacked. 35-year old Yevgeny Khamaganov died on March 17 because of his injuries. All the killed journalist wrote about and investigated cases of corruption on a local or national level.[13]

Impact[edit]

Nikolay Andruschenko investetd several cases of corruption after the end of the Soviet Union. He was known as a Vladimir Putin critic and for his articles about human rights and police misuse of authority.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "После избиения умер журналист и соучредитель газеты «Новый Петербург»".
  2. ^ "Russian journalist dies after being assaulted by unidentified gang". Daily Mail (UK).
  3. ^ https://cpj.org/killed/2017/nikolai-andrushchenko.php
  4. ^ a b c d e "'Difficult' Russian Journalist Died As He Lived: Mired In Intrigue". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty.
  5. ^ a b Rietzschel, Antonie (20 April 2017). "Putin-Kritiker Andruschtschenko stirbt nach Prügelattacke" – via Sueddeutsche.de.
  6. ^ "Prominent Putin critic dies after being beaten by unknown attackers". 19 April 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Журналист газеты «Новый Петербург» Андрущенко скончался после избиения".
  8. ^ "Journalist in St. Petersburg von Unbekannten attackiert - Putin-Kritiker (73) stirbt nach Prügel-Angriff".
  9. ^ CNN, Laura Smith-Spark and Emma Burrows,. "Russia journalist dies after suspected attack".
  10. ^ "Editor Nikolai Andrushchenko Freed on Bail - PEN America".
  11. ^ Online, FOCUS. "Kremlkritischer Journalist stirbt sechs Wochen nach Prügelattacke in St. Petersburg".
  12. ^ "Russian journalist dies after severe beating - Committee to Protect Journalists". cpj.org.
  13. ^ a b "Russian Journalist and Putin Critic Dies After Suffering 'Major Blunt Trauma'". 20 April 2017.
  14. ^ "Kritischer Journalist nach Überfall in St. Petersburg gestorben".
  15. ^ "Russian Journalist, Putin Critic Dies After Severe Beating". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty.
  16. ^ a b "Novy Peterburg reporter Andruschenko beaten, dies".
  17. ^ "Putin-Kritiker: Russischer Journalist stirbt nach Prügelattacke". 19 April 2017 – via Spiegel Online.
  18. ^ Wrate, Jonny. "Russian Investigative Journalist Dies in Hospital after Brutal Beating". www.occrp.org.

External links[edit]