Nikolai Patrushev

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Nikolai Patrushev
Nikolai Patrushev.jpg
Secretary of the Security Council of Russia
Assumed office
12 May, 2008
Preceded by Igor Ivanov
Director of the Federal Security Service
In office
9 August, 1999 – 12 May, 2008
Preceded by Vladimir Putin
Personal details
Born (1951-07-11) 11 July 1951 (age 65)
Leningrad, Soviet Union
Awards Hero of the Russian Federation medal.png
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
 Russia
Service/branch Federal Security Service
Years of service 1975–present
Rank General of the Army

Nikolai Platonovich Patrushev (Russian: Никола́й Плато́нович Па́трушев) (born 11 July 1951) is a Russian political and security figure. He was Director of the Russian FSB, the successor organization to the KGB, from 1999 to 2008, and he has been Secretary of the Security Council of Russia since 2008.[1][2]

Career[edit]

Patrushev was born in Leningrad and graduated from Leningrad Shipbuilding Institute in 1974, where he worked as an engineer at his department. He joined the KGB in 1975.[3]

KGB[edit]

In 1974—1975 he attended the Higher Courses of the KGB with the USSR Council of Ministers in Minsk.

In 1975 he began to work at the counter-intelligence section of the KGB regional directorate for the Leningrad region and ended up being chief of the service for combatting contraband and corruption.

Upon finishing a year-long refresher courses at the Higher School of the KGB (now the FSB Academy) in June 1992, he was appointed Minister of State Security of Karelia, a post he held until 1994.

FSK/FSB[edit]

In 1994, under Sergei Stepashin as Director of the FSK, he was appointed chief of the FSK Directorate of Internal Security.

After Stepashin's resignation on 30 June 1995, Patrushev got a senior post of deputy chief of the FSB's Organisation and Inspection Department. In May - August 1998 he was chief of the Control Directorate of the Presidential Staff; in August - October he was Deputy Chief of the Presidential Staff; in October 1998 he was appointed Deputy Director of the FSB and chief of the Directorate for Economic Security. In April 1999, he became FSB First Deputy Director - and on 9 August the same year a decree by President Boris Yeltsin promoted him to Director, replacing Vladimir Putin.

In December 2000, Patrushev said on the anniversary of the founding of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, that his FSB colleagues did not "work for the money...They are, if you like, our new 'nobility'."[4]

Patrushev, a general in Russia's Army and a PhD in law, had been received a number of national awards, including Hero of the Russian Federation - see list below.

In January 2007, Patrushev joined the expedition of polar explorer Arthur Chilingarov, that flew on two helicopters to Antarctica and visited South Pole and Amundsen-Scott station.[5] [6]

Security Council of Russia[edit]

Since 2008, Patrushev has been Secretary of the Security Council of Russia, a consultative body of the President that works out his decisions on national security affairs.[1][2]

Political views[edit]

Patrushev believes that the United States of America "would much rather that Russia did not exist at all.[7] Patrushev was quoted as saying:

According to the New York Times, there is no record of Ms. Albright ever making such a remark and she has denied doing so whenever asked. [8] An investigation by the former Moscow Times correspondent Anna Smolchenko found that the idea that Ms. Albright was jealous of Russia's natural resources could be traced to a 2006 interview with Boris Ratnikov, a retired major general from the Russian secret service. General Ratnikov told Rossiyskaya Gazeta that his colleagues in the service's secret mind-reading division had read Ms. Albright's thoughts in 1999, just before the US-led intervention in Kosovo that she had championed. Ratnikov said that his colleagues had detected "a pathological hatred of Slavs" and that "she was indignant that Russia held the world's largest reserves of natural resources". Asked how the mind reading worked, Ratnikov recalled that the team had studied images of Ms. Albright. "By tuning in to her image, our specialists were able to glean these things", he said.

According to Patrushev, the 2014 Ukrainian revolution was started by the United States.[7]

Honours and awards[edit]

State awards[edit]

Russian regions[edit]

Foreign awards[edit]

  • Order of the Cross, 1st class (Armenia, 2003)
  • Medal of Honour (Belarus, 2001)
  • Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, 3rd class (Ukraine, 23 May 2001) - for his contribution in the development of cooperation between the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation and the Security Service of Ukraine in the fight against international terrorism, organized crime and drug trafficking

Religious awards[edit]

  • Order of St Dmitri Donskoy, the Blessed Great Prince of Moscow, 1st Class (Russian Orthodox Church, 2005) - The saint allegedly wards off "all kinds of threats for the sake of multiplying the faith and piety of the people, strengthening families and protecting from bodily extinction and spiritual death."[9]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Vladimir Putin
Head of the Internal Security Department of FSB
1994 – 31 May 1998
Succeeded by
Viktor Ivanov
Preceded by
Vladimir Putin
Chief of the Control Directorate of the Russian presidential administration
31 May 1998 – October 1998
Succeeded by
Yevgeny Lisov
Preceded by
Vladimir Putin
Director of FSB
9 August 1999 – 12 May 2008
Succeeded by
Alexander Bortnikov
Preceded by
Valentin Sobolev
(acting)
Secretary of Security Council of Russia
12 May 2008–present
Incumbent