24 January 1950|
|Net worth||US$ 500 million (2011)|
Nikolai Terent'yevich Shamalov, Nikolai Terent'evich Shamalov or Nikolai Terentievich Shamalov (Russian: Николай Терентьевич Шамалов;born January 24, 1950, Belarus) is a dentist, a Russian businessman, and a founding member of Ozero. His nickname is Professor Filip Filippovich Preobrazhensky (Russian: Профессор Филипп Филиппович Преображенский) or the “Professor of the Transfiguration,” who was the central character that transforms from a stray dog into a New Soviet man in Mikhail Bulgakov’s Heart of a Dog.
Shamalov is a dentist/physician by training. He is fluent in German.
Until the 1990s, Nikolai Shamalov worked as a dentist in Leningrad.
Nikolai Shamalov was a representative of Siemens in St. Petersburg from 1992-2008 selling medical equipment for Siemens Medical Systems. According to Sergei Kolesnikov, Shamalov refused to answer questions by Siemens internal investigators about money laundering, corruption, and bribery.[a] This led to Shamalov's dismissal from Siemens.
In January 1992, AOZT/ZAO Petromed was founded with 51% of its shares owned by the Saint Petersburg's Committee on External Relations (KVS) which Putin headed, 39% of its shares owned by the Center for International Cooperation which is headed by Dmitri Gorelov, and 10% of its shares owned by the Saint Petersburg Committee on Health. Andrey Kolesnikov, a biophysicist from the Polytechnic Institute, formed a cooperative to manufacture medical equipment for Petromed. In 1993, Nikolai Shamalov was hired by Putin as the Petromed's purchasing agent for Siemens medical equipment from Germany instead of buying from Kolesnikov's cooperative's Russian manufactured equipment. Over many years, Petromed received state funds for the purchase of medical equipment, but Putin also demanded that Russian oligarchs make charitable contributions to Petromed for the purchase of medical equipment. However, Shamalov greatly inflated the purchase price of the medical equipment and then funneled 33% of the money to offshore accounts. After Vladimir Yakovlev, who was the Governor of Saint Petersburg, became a very outspoken critic of Petromed, Putin, and coruption, Gorelev and Kolesnikov bought out the Saint Petersburg Committee on Health portion of Petromed and became the only two owners of Petromed. Later, Gorelov, Kolesnikov, and Shamalov used the funneled money, which they obtained as overcharges to Petromed, to purchase shares in Rossiya Bank, Vyborg Shipyard, and other entities.
On November 10, 1996, he was a founding member of Vladimir Putin's closed gate community, the cooperative Ozero. As of 2016, Shamalov has remained a member of the cooperative Ozero.
On October 18, 2005, he, Sergei Kolesnikov, and Gorelov founded Rosinvest.[c] Using money that Shamalov had funneled from Petromed to offshore accounts[d] and money that was from the Russian state treasury, this company built the health resort in Gelendzhik known as "Putin's Palace" which was part of "project south" (Russian: Проекту Юг). To finance "Putin's Palace", Nikolai Shamalov's expertise in selling medical equipment through Siemens in St Petersburg was essential in obtaining several hundreds of millions of dollars out of the $1 billion intended for Russian healthcare improvements. Nikolai Shamalov is the original legal owner of "Putin's Palace."
In 2010, he, his son Kirill, and Oleg Vitalyevich Sharykin (Russian: Олег Витальевич Шарыкин) became co-owners of the Russian Cement Company (Russian: Русскую цементную компанию (РЦК)).[e] Nikolai owns a 12.5% share. Kirill owns a 5% share and is on the board of directors. The Shamalov's combined stake is estimated to be 15 billion rubles in 2018.
In 2011 to support the Russian Defense Ministry, Roscosmos, and ROSATOM,[f] he and Oleg Sharykin formed the joint company Ceramic Technologies (Russian: совместную компанию "Керамические технологии")[g] which has two main projects: (1) the creation of silicon carbide pencil boxes for the long-term storage and disposal of highly radioactive nuclear waste in underground sites and (2) the development and production of silicon carbide optical blocks in telescopes and sensors used in remote sensing surveillance satellites, which also can detect asteroid hazards and explore deep space. Ceramic Technologies is a member of the Lebedev Institute of Physics (FIAN) through the Troitsk Technopark (Russian: Троицкий технопарк ФИАН) and the Skolkovo Foundation but receives no investment and no funding from either. Also, Sharykin said that we have in Kemerovo "Khimprom" (Russian: "Химпром") and PO "Tokem" (Russian: "Токем"), which competes with Lanxess, Dow Chemical, and Mitsubishi Chemical for monodisperse copolymers in resin ion exchangers for nuclear reactors at nuclear power plants, nuclear powered ships (both icebreakers and submarines), and water treatment in the chemical and metallurgical industries. As of October 2015, ROSATOM purchases 40% of its needs for resin ion exchangers from NATO countries, but the Kemerovo production sites are expected to meet 100% of ROSATOM needs by 2017.
According to the Panama Papers, his Bank Rossiya staff in St Petersburg sent all their confidential instructions through a firm of Swiss attorneys in Zurich, Dietrich Baumgartner and Partners, to have Mossack Fonseca (Mossfon) establish a British Virgin Islands shell company, Sandalwood Continental Ltd, to hide large sums of Vladimir Putin's personal wealth that had been in bank accounts at the Russian Commercial Bank (RCB) of Cyprus, which is a bank owned by VTB and is now known as RCB Bank.[h] Some of this money was transferred from Sergei Roldugin's Sandalwood Continental Ltd to Ozon LLC[i] to purchase and develop the Igora ski resort.[j][k]
According to Sergei Kolesnikov, Nikolai Shamalov gives Vladimir Putin updates on the status of Putin's offshore wealth and hidden accounts usually two or three times a year.
In 2011, he was listed as the 198th richest Russian with a wealth of $500 million by Forbes.
Because of the ongoing Russian interference in Ukraine and Nikolai Shamalov's close personal relationship's with Vladimir Putin, Nikolai Shamalov has been under sanctions by the European Union since July 30, 2014, Liechtenstein since July 31, 2014, Canada since August 2, 2014, Switzerland since August 27, 2014, Australia since September 2, 2014, and Ukraine, since October 17, 2016. These sanctions both freeze his assets in the European Union, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Ukraine, Canada, and Australia, and also restrict his travel rights.
Nikolai Shamalov has two sons.
Yuri Shamalov (b. June 10, 1970, in St. Petersburg) worked under Vladimir Putin and with Yuri's father Nikolai on the foreign economic relations committee (KVS) for the city of Saint Petersburg from October 1993 to October 1995. He was a Siemens sales representative for Moscow from February 1997 to July 2003. He was the first vice president for Gazfond from July to August 2003. He was the Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Gazprom-Media from July 2008 to June 2012, the Chairman of the Supervisory Board of OJSC Gaz-Service from November 2008 to February 2015, the Chairman of the Supervisory Board of OAO Gazkon from November 2008 to February 2015, the Chairman of the Supervisory Board of PJSC Gaz-Tek from October 2011 to February 2015,[l] and the Deputy Chairman of the Supervisory Board OJSC Gazprombank from June 2008 to December 2014. He is currently the Deputy Chairman on the Supervisory Board of JSC Gazprombank, since December 2014; a board member of Gazprom Media, since August 2008; the Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Gazprombank-Fund, since July 2007; and the President of Gazfond, since August 2003. Since March 2014 through his relationship with Gazfond and its controlling interest in Leader Assets Management, he has the controlling interest at JSC Gazprombank.
Yuri Shamalov has degrees from the Higher Naval Engineering College V. I. Lenin in 1992 in naval engineering and from the All-Russian Academy of Foreign Trade of the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations of the Russian Federation in 1996 in foreign trade.
Kirill Shamalov (b. March 22, 1982, in St. Petersburg) is a deputy chairman on SIBUR's management board, a vice-president of Sibur Holding,[m] which is a Russian gas processing and petrochemicals company headquartered in Moscow, and was married to Katerina Tikhonova from 2013 to 2018. In April 2018, the United States imposed sanctions on his son Kirill Shamalov and 23 other Russian nationals due to the Russian interference in Ukraine and to prevent Vladimir Putin and his close inner circle's next generation of relatives from gaining wealth.[n]
- Kolesnikov said that Nikolai Shamalov was dismissed "when he refused to answer questions during the internal corporate investigation regarding alleged bribery" (Russian: когда отказался отвечать на вопросы в ходе внутреннего корпоративного расследования в отношении предполагаемого взяточничества).
- The Committe on External Relations (KVS) (Russian: комитет внешних связей (квс)) was also called the Committee for Foreign Liaison, and the Committee for Foreign Economic Relations.
- Rosinvest was owned through the Liechtenstein firm Lirus Management AG under the company Lirus Investment Holding AG. Kolesnikov argues that Lirus is owned entirely by Vladimir Putin before Rosinvest liquidated in 2012. Jürg Wissmann, who was on the board of directors at Lirus and Perfora AG, stated that Nikolai Shamalov, Kolesnikov, and Gorelov were the only owners of Lirus. Lirus Investment Holding AG was established on January 17, 2003, and went into liquidation on December 19, 2017. Perfora AG was established on April 13, 2000, and went was liquidated on March 25, 2014.
- Kolesnikov argues that the offshore accounts were in Liechtenstein, British Virgin Islands, Belize, and Panama.
- The Russian Cement Company is not part of Rostec (Russian: "Ростех").
- ROSATOM was establised in November 2007. It was formerly known as MinAtom.
- Gennady Ivanovich Babayants (Russian: Геннадий Иванович Бабаянц b. 1934) founded Ceramic Technologies. Previously, he headed the Luch Scientific Production Association (Russian: ФГУП "НИИ НПО "Луч"") from 1990-2004. He is currently the Lebedev Physical Institute's director of optics at the Troitsk Technopark.
- Offshore shell companies were established through Mossfon in the British Virgin Islands, Belize, and Panama.
- Viktor Myachin, Yuri Kovalchuk and Yuri's son, Boris Kovalchuk, own 25% of Ozon while Lowbrook Trading of Cyprus, which was established on March 3, 1999, owned the remaining 75% until Lowbrook dissolved on November 11, 2016.
- Located along the Priozerskoe highway (Russian: Приозерское шоссе; A-121) at the 54 km marker near Sosnovo (Russian: Сосно́во) in the Priozersky District of the Leningrad Oblast, Igora has a movie theater, a grand cafe, a bistro, the Chalet restaurant, a sushi bar, a panoramic restaurant, a lobby bar, a spa, a Russian banya, and a pool. Activities include a small lake, laser tag, test driving a racing car, a bowling alley, curling, the largest snowboarding park in central Russia and a large ice palace (Russian: «Ледовый дворец»). Established in 2006, Igora is a combination of two Russian nouns: igra (Russian: игра), play, and gora (Russian: гора), mountain. Katerina Tikhonova and Kirill Shamalov were married at this resort in February 2013.
- Owned by Yuri and Boris Kovalchuk, a very secure compound known as “the president’s villa” or “Putin’s residence” (Russian: Загородная среда) is nearby Igora.
- Gaz-Service (Russian: ОАО "Газ-сервис"), Gazkon (Russian: ОАО "Газкон"), and Gaztek (Russian: ОАО "Газ-Тек") through Northern Keys (Russian: ЗАО "Северные ключи") are owned and managed by the Leader management company (Russian: ЗАО "Лидер"). Since 2005, the private company GazTek has become the largest owner of the state companies for city and regional (Russian: облгаз) natural gas distribution in Ukraine. Dmitri Firtash through his Krezer Holdings Limited, Nesiba Venchers Limited, Pasler Enterprises Limited, and Porala Venchers Limited, which are his Cypriot holding companies, is closely associated with these companies.
- According to analysts with Raiffeizenbank at the end of 2017, Kirill Shamalov was worth $12-14 billion through his assets with Sibur.
- In January 2018, Kirill Shamalov separated from his wife, Katerina Tikhonova, Putin’s youngest daughter. He allegedly lost 50% of his wealth as a ‘punishment’ for this separation.
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