Nikolay Zelinsky

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Nikolay Zelinsky
Николай Дмитриевич Зелинский.jpg
Born(1861-02-06)6 February 1861 [O. S. (1861-01-25)25 January 1861][1]
Died31 July 1953(1953-07-31) (aged 92)
Alma materUniversity of Novorossiysk
Known forHell-Volhard-Zelinsky halogenation
AwardsLenin order 1940, 1945 and 1946
Stalin Prize 1942, 1946 and 1948
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Moscow, Moscow Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies
Academic advisorsJohannes Wislicenus
Viktor Meyer[1]
Notable studentsAlexander Nesmeyanov
Aleksei Balandin[1]
Sergey Namyotkin[2]

Nikolay Dimitrievich Zelinsky (Russian: Николай Дмитриевич Зелинский; 6 February n.s. [O. S. 25 January], 1861 – 31 July 1953) was a Moldavian and Soviet chemist, an academician of the Academy of Sciences of USSR (1929).

Zelinsky studied at the University of Odessa and at the universities of Leipzig and Göttingen in Germany. Zelinsky was one of the founders of theory on organic catalysis. He is the inventor of the first effective filtering activated charcoal gas mask in the world (1915).[3]


Zelinsky studied at a middle school in Tiraspol, then in Richelieu gymnasium and in Novorossiya University in Odessa, and abroad at the University of Leipzig and University of Göttingen with Victor Meyer. He received his master and his Ph.D from Novorossiya University in 1888 and 1891. He was appointed professor at the University of Moscow in 1893, where worked till his retirement with the exceptions of the years between 1911 and 1917. His main research area was the chemistry of cyclic hydrocarbons.

He was president of the Moscow Society of Naturalists.[4]


The crater Zelinskiy on the Moon is named in his honor.

In 2001, the Central Bank of Transnistria minted a silver coin honoring this native of today's Transnistria, as part of a series of memorable coins called The Outstanding People of Pridnestrovie.[1]

The Zelinskiy Institute of Organic Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences is named after him.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c ЗЕЛИНСКИЙ, Николай Дмитриевич. Moscow State University
  2. ^ НАМЁТКИН, Сергей Семенович. Moscow State University
  3. ^ Kozhevnikov, A.B. (2004). Stalin's great science: the times and adventures of Soviet physicists (illustrated, reprint ed.). Imperial College Press. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-1-86094-419-2. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  4. ^ Weiner, Douglas R. (2002). A little corner of freedom : Russian nature protection from Stalin to Gorbachev. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. p. 125. ISBN 9780520232136.

Further reading[edit]