Nikolić noble family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Nikolić was Bosnian medieval noble family from Hum (Herzegovina). The family's estate was in Popovo Polje. They were of minor importance, serving under Grand Dukes of Bosnia and noble families of Hranić and Kosača, lords of Hum and later Herzegovina.

History[edit]

The progenitor of the family was Nikola, a župan or knez, a descendant of Andrija of Hum (s. 1243–49) and Miroslav of Hum (s. 1166–90).[1][dubious ] The family was thus related to the Nemanjić dynasty.[2] Nikola had two sons by Katarina, the daughter of Stephen I, Ban of Bosnia: Vladislav and Bogiša.[2]

Little is known about the first ancestors of the Nikolić family, though they were most likely important family in Hum, with princess Vukosava, Petar and Miliša Nikolić probably being the second generation of the Nikolić family. The first mention of the Nikolić brothers happened after the death of King Tvrtko I of Bosnia in 1391. Loyal to the new Bosnian king, Stephen Dabiša, they were granted Republic of Dubrovnik citizenship by 1392. After ascension of the rival king to Bosnian Kingdom throne, namely Stephen Ostoja, the Nikolić brothers, also related to Queen Jelena Gruba who was of the House of Nikolić herself and widow of Stephen Dabiša, were forced to take refuge in Dubrovnik. Later Vukosav participated in the Bosnian-Ragusan War around 1403 as a nobleman of the Grand Duke of Bosnia Sandalj Hranić, and was killed and was buried in Ston on 28 November 1403.

Grgur Vukosalić, the son of Vukosav Nikolić, was present at historical events in Bosnia in the course of Tvrtko II's campaign against King Stephen Ostoja and his own lord and Grad Duke of Bosnia, Sandalj Hranić. To no avail the Nikolić family tried to gain independence from the Bosnian duke, and after Hranić's death they remained loyal to his successor as the Grad Duke of Bosnia, Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, as well. Grgur died in July 1436.

The sons of Grgur Vukosalić, Vuk and Vukašin Grgurević, maintained their position under Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, as Grad Duke tried to overtake Zeta. In 1442 Vukasin fell into Venetian captivity, but with Dubrovnik help he was released. The last mention of the Nikolić family was in 1453, and they were still under the lordship of Stjepan Vukčić Kosača. The Ottoman Empire had already entered area of Vrhbosna and prepared conquest of rest of the Bosnian Kingdom, which will occur 10 years later. Finally, after decades of political and social instability, Bosnia officially fell in 1463. Herzegovina would follow in 1482, with a Hungarian-backed reinstated Bosnian state around former capital Jajce being the last to succumb in 1527. After the end of Bosnian medieval state, Nikolić's fate is little known until the 18th century.

Members[edit]

Family tree
  • Nikola, knez (župan)
    • Vladislav (fl. 1347–1363)
      • Vukosav Nikolić (fl. 1395–d. 1403),
        • Grgur Nikolić (fl. 1403–d. 1436), knez
          • Vuk Nikolić
          • Vukašin Nikolić
        • Radoje Nikolić, vojvoda
    • Bogiša (fl. 1347–1363)
Unknown genealogy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ljubo Mihić (1975). Ljubinje sa okolinom. Dragan Srnic. p. 798. 
  2. ^ a b Herta Kuna (1974). Starija književnost. Zavod za izdavanje udžbenika. p. 93.