Eutelsat 16B

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Eutelsat 16B
NamesHot Bird 4 (1998-06)
Atlantic Bird 4 (2006-09)
Eurobird 16 (2009-2012)
Eutelsat 16B (2012—)

Leased capacity:
Nilesat 103 (2006-09)
Mission typeCommunications
OperatorEutelsat
COSPAR ID1998-013A
SATCAT no.25237
Spacecraft properties
BusEurostar-2000+
ManufacturerMatra Marconi
Launch mass2,900 kilograms (6,400 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date27 February 1998, 22:38 (1998-02-27UTC22:38Z) UTC
RocketAriane 42P
Launch siteKourou ELA-2
ContractorArianespace
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeGeostationary
Longitude13° east (1998-2005)
7° west (2005-2009)
16° east (2009—?)
55.18°E[1]
SlotHot Bird (1998-2005)
Perigee36,354.4 kilometres (22,589.6 mi)[1]
Apogee36,371.4 kilometres (22,600.1 mi)[1]
Inclination3.6 degrees[1]
Period1465.3 minutes[1]
Epoch1 June 2016, 16:30:09 UTC[1]
Transponders
Band20 Ku-band

Eutelsat 16B, formerly known as Hot Bird 4, Atlantic Bird 4, Nilesat 103 and Eurobird 16, is a communications satellite owned and operated by Eutelsat. The satellite is currently operational at 16° East.

Launch[edit]

The satellite was launched in 1998 as Hot Bird 2, under Eutelsat's Hot Bird brand.[2]

Orbit[edit]

The satellite was positioned in geostationary orbit at a longitude of 13 degrees east, colocated with the rest of the Hot Bird constellation. Following the launches of Hot Bird 7A and Hot Bird 8 in 2006, the satellite was moved to 7 degrees west under the Atlantic Bird brand, and renamed Atlantic Bird 4. During this time, some of the satellite's capacity was leased to Egyptian operator Nilesat, who marketed the satellite as Nilesat 103.

Mission[edit]

Nilesat used the satellite, alongside Nilesat 101 and Nilesat 102 which were located in the same orbital slot, to provide direct-to-home digital TV channels, data transmission, turbo internet and multicasting applications to more than 15 million viewers in the North African and Middle East region.

In April 2009 the spacecraft was repositioned to 16° East and renamed Eurobird 16 as part of Eutelsat's Eurobird brand; it was replaced at 7 degrees west by Atlantic Bird 4A. In March 2012 the satellite was renamed Eutelsat 16B when the company unified its brand name.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "EUTE 16B (HB 4) Satellite details 1998-013A NORAD 25237". N2YO. 1 June 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Hot Bird 2, 3, 4, 5 / Eurobird 2, 9→4, 10, 16 / Eutelsat W48, W75 / Atlantic Bird 4 / Eutelsat 4B, 16B, 25A / Arabsat 2D → Badr 2 / Nilesat 103 / ABS 1B". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved November 4, 2016.

External links[edit]