Nillu rat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Nillu rat
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Genus: Rattus
R. montanus
Binomial name
Rattus montanus
Phillips, 1932

The Nillu rat or Sri Lankan mountain rat (Rattus montanus) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found only in Sri Lanka where it is known as நில்ளு எலி (Nillu Eli) in Tamil and නෙලූ මීයා(Nelu Meeya) in Sinhalese.[1][2][3]


The Nillu rat is only found in Knuckles, Horton Plains, Nuwara Eliya, and Ohiya in the central highlands of Central and Uva provinces of Sri Lanka.


Head and body length is 16–17 cm. Tail is 20–22 cm. Grayish brown with a reddish tinge dorsally, darkest along back. Underparts gray grading into whitish. Chin and upper throat white. Tail blackish brown with fine dark hairs. Long, shiny black whiskers. Fur soft and long, up to 45mm in length in back. Feet covered with short hairs.


  1. ^ a b de A. Goonatilake, W.L.D.P.T.S. & Molur, S. (2008). "Rattus montanus (errata published in 2016)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T19348A88691944. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T19348A8862075.en. Retrieved 13 November 2017.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ [1] "Rattus montanus (Nillu rat),"
  3. ^ Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). "Rattus montanus". Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.