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Nils Roll-Hansen (b. 1938) is a historian and philosopher of 19th and 20th century biology at University of Oslo. He is the author of four books and many academic articles. His book "The Lysenko Effect" was praised in Nature. He is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
- The Lysenko Effect: The Politics Of Science. (Humanity Books, December 2004) ISBN 1-59102-262-2
- (co-author Gunnar Broberg), Eugenics And the Welfare State: Sterilization Policy in Demark, Sweden, Norway, and Finland (Uppsala Studies in History of Science, Nov 2005)
- Reductionism in biological research: Three historical case studies. (1979)
- Forskningens frihet og nødvendighet: Pasteurs teorier i vekst og forfall (Fakkel-bøkene)