Nils Dardel

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Nils Dardel
Nils von Dardel.jpeg
Nils Dardel in Tokyo 1917
Born (1888-10-25)October 25, 1888
Bettna, Södermanland
Died May 25, 1943(1943-05-25)
New York City
Nationality Swedish
Alma mater Royal Swedish Academy of Arts
Notable work Den döende dandyn
Style Post-Impressionism
Spouse(s) Thora Dardel

Nils Dardel (full name Nils Elias Kristofer von Dardel, sometimes known as Nils de Dardel) was a 20th century Swedish Post-Impressionist painter, grandson to famous Swedish painter Fritz von Dardel.[1]

Biography[edit]

John Blund (1927), on display at the Stockholm Public Library.[citation needed]

Dardel was born in Bettna, Södermanland, Sweden in 1888. He studied at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts in Stockholm[1] between 1908–1910.[citation needed] Some of his most famous paintings are Den döende dandyn, Crime Passionnel, Svarta Diana and John blund.[citation needed]

Family life[edit]

Nils Dardel was born into the Swedish nobel family von Dardel, son of the landowner Fritz August von Dardel and Sofia Matilda Norlin.[citation needed] His grandfather was the Swedish painted Fritz von Dardel, adjutant to the later king Charles XV of Sweden and member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts in Stockholm,[citation needed] where Nils later studied between 1908–1920, and eventually became a member of in 1934.[2]

Portrait of Nita Wallenberg in 1917, when Dardel met her in Japan.[3]

In 1919 he proposed to Nita Wallenberg – but her father, a Swedish diplomat disapproved of Dardel and the marriage was not to be. This was linked closely to the creation of his work Exekution (Execution) which is said to be symbolic of the rejection. [4]

Nils Dardel married the author Thora Dardel (1899–1995 – née Klinckowström), which lasted between 1921–1934. Together they had a daughter Ingrid von Dardel (1922–1962) who like her father became an artist. Both her sons Henry Unger (born 1945 – father Gustav Unger) and Nils Ekwall (born 1954 – father Lage Ekwall) in turn were also active Swedish artists.[5][6][7]

After the marriage to Thora – sometime in the 1930s Nils meets Edita Morris (1902–1988 – née Toll), a Swedish writer whom with he more or less shares his remaining life with.[1]

Paris[edit]

Dardels 1913 work Begravning i Senlis

After studying in Sweden he did as many of his contemporaries and traveled to Paris around 1910 (such as Leander Engström, Isaac Grünewald, Einar Jolin, and Sigrid Hjerten who were all drawn by Henri Matisse). Dardel primarily took inspiration from the Fauvists with their pure palette, the Post-Impressionists, as well as Japanese woodcuts. Dardel also made a brief foray into Cubism, and painted a few cityscapes in the style.[8]

Post-Impressionism[edit]

Dardel explored Pointillism, using strong colors together with very clear motifs. Begravning i Senlis (Funeral in Senlis) from 1913 typifies this style and was painted while Dardel was visiting a staying in the medieval town of Senlis. Another early painting was the portrayal German art dealer Alfred Flechtheim. Over the course of Dardel's life he primarily painted humans sticking to portraiture or paintings of groups of people.[8]

Ballets Suédois[edit]

Crime passionel - One of Dardels paintings from the Ballets Suédois era, depicting a violent scene said to be indicative of Dardel's hectic personal life of the era.[8]

After living in Paris for three years Dardel and Rolf de Maré became friends. Maré would later create the Ballets Suédois which performed in Paris between 1920 to 1925. The friendship benefited Dardel as Maré was able to act as a benefactor for Dardels art, and the duo is also claimed to have been fruitful for Maré's dance company.[8]

In the early 1920's Dardel created a number of works based upon stage sets, and have been likened to sketches of drama or film. Dardel also created the stage sets for Midsummer Wake (music by Hugo Alfvén), and Maison de Fous (a dance drama with compositions by Viking Dahl). Crime passionnel (Crime of Passion) from 1921 is typical of Dardel's paintings from this era.[8]

Travels[edit]

Japanska (med rygg mot betraktaren) - Japanese woman (with back towards the viewer), shows influences of Dardels 1917 visit to Japan, including the medium, silk.

Nils was a prolific traveler, picking up influences and motives from different countries.

Later years[edit]

Dardel lived a nomadic life, traveling far and wide without ever really settling down. Many of his portraits are of people and places whom he met along his travels. He was known to be self-destructive.[8]

Not exceptionally appreciated in his lifetime, his breakthrough in Sweden came simultaneously to the breaking out of World War II in Europe, at the time when Liljevalchs konsthall displayed a retrospective of Dardel's life and works.[8]

Legacy[edit]

Ekerö Church outside Stockholm, where Nils lies buried.

Nils died in New York City in 1943,[8] and was buried in Ekerö cemetery outside of Stockholm.[9]

His works are on display in a number of museums and galleries including Nationalmuseum, Göteborgs konstmuseum, Malmö konstmuseum, Nasjonalgalleriet and Waldermarsudde. His works Självporträtt (Self-portrait) and Visit hos en excentrisk dam (Visit at an eccentric lady) were featured by the Swedish Postal-works 1988 stamp series Svenska konstnärer i Paris (Swedish artists in Paris).[citation needed]

His 1918 work Den döende dandyn (The dying dandy) was sold twice at record prices at Bukowskis in Stockholm; first in 1984 at 3,4 million kronor and again in 1988 for the then termed sensational 13 million kronor.[10] Simultaneously the image took on an iconic role within the 1980's Swedish gay movement. His works came to be analyzed under the budding field of gender-studies, and the ambivalence of the sex of his characters were topic of study.[11]

"Vattenfallet", 1921 - sold in 2012 for a record-breaking 25 million kronor.

Dardel's work Vattenfallet (or the Waterfall) sold for 25 million kronor in 2012 and was to date the most expensive modernist Swedish painting ever sold. The buyer was an undisclosed individual. The record in turn supplanted the earlier record held by the Dying Dandy.[12]

Selected works[edit]

1900s[edit]

1910s[edit]

1920s[edit]

1930s[edit]

1940s[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Nils von Dardel, in Moderna museet - The Book, ed. C. Widenheim et al., Stockholm, Moderna Museet, 2006 ISBN 9789171006967
  • Nils Dardel - and the Modern Age by John Peter Nilsson et al., Moderna Museet, 2014 ISBN 9789186243586
  • (Swedish) Nils Dardel - I skuggan av dandyn, Hamlstad: Mjellby Konstmuseum 2012 ISBN 9789198035117
  • (Swedish) En bok om Nils Dardel, by Thora Dardel, Bokförlaget Cordia, 2nd ed. 1995 ISBN 9170851506

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Nils Dardel - Short biography". Dardel.info. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  2. ^ ...], [katalogredaktion: Karolina Peterson (2012). Nils Dardel : i skuggan av dandyn; [denna publikation åtföljs av en utställning på Mjellby Konstmuseum - Halmstadgruppens museum i Halmstad]. Halmstad: Mjellby Konstmuseum. p. 67. ISBN 9789198035117. 
  3. ^ ...], [katalogredaktion: Karolina Peterson (2012). Nils Dardel : i skuggan av dandyn; [denna publikation åtföljs av en utställning på Mjellby Konstmuseum - Halmstadgruppens museum i Halmstad]. Halmstad: Mjellby Konstmuseum. p. 16. ISBN 9789198035117. 
  4. ^ ...], [katalogredaktion: Karolina Peterson (2012). Nils Dardel : i skuggan av dandyn; [denna publikation åtföljs av en utställning på Mjellby Konstmuseum - Halmstadgruppens museum i Halmstad]. Halmstad: Mjellby Konstmuseum. p. 16. ISBN 9789198035117. 
  5. ^ Henry Ungers biografi Henry Unger webbplats. Åtkomst 6 januari 2013.
  6. ^ EKWALL, LAGE E O, direktör, Alstad i Vem är Vem? / Skåne, Halland, Blekinge 1966 / s 205.
  7. ^ Nils Ekwall Officiell webbplats. Åtkomst 6 januari 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h ...], [eds.: Cecilia Widenheim (2004). Moderna Museet - The Book (2nd printing. ed.). Stockholm: Moderna Museet. pp. Nils von Dardel. ISBN 9789171006967. 
  9. ^ Göran Åstrand: Känt och okänt på Stockholms kyrkogårdar (Ordalaget Bokförlag 1998) sid.40 ISBN 91-973128-2-7
  10. ^ "Den döende dandyn under klubban". Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  11. ^ ...], [katalogredaktion: Karolina Peterson (2012). Nils Dardel : i skuggan av dandyn; [denna publikation åtföljs av en utställning på Mjellby Konstmuseum - Halmstadgruppens museum i Halmstad]. Halmstad: Mjellby Konstmuseum. pp. 7–9. ISBN 9789198035117. 
  12. ^ "Rekordpris på tavla av Dardel - DN.SE". Retrieved 2015-06-27.