|Birth name||Marina Esther Traveso|
1 June 1903|
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Died||18 March 1996 (aged 92)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Medium||Film, music, theatre|
|Spouse||Felipe Edelmann (m. 1924)
Marcelo Salcedo (m. 1936)
Marina Esther Traveso (June 1, 1903 – March 18, 1996), known by her stage name Niní Marshall, was an Argentine humorist, comic actress and screenwriter; nicknamed The Chaplin with a skirt and The Lady of Humour.
Life and work
She was born in Buenos Aires to Pedro and María Ángela Traveso, a well-to-do family in Rosario, in 1903. Losing her father at two months of age, she was raised by her mother, who affectionately called her "Niní." They relocated to the Buenos Aires neighborhood of Caballito when Niní was in her teens, and she began a career in advertising. She met Felipe Edelman, an engineer, while in her senior year in secondary school, and they married in 1922, a few months after the birth of their only daughter, Ángeles. The happy occasion was followed by her mother's untimely death, however, a tragedy compounded by Felipe Edelman's decline into compulsive gambling. Facing economic ruin, the couple were separated shortly afterwards and she remarried.
Traverso drew on her advertising experience and wit to secure work in La Novela Semanal, a well-known women's leisure magazine, in 1933. She also contributed to the radio variety show, Sintonía, as an entertainment critic and publicist until 1934 and appeared in numerous other radio programs. A multi-lingual and prolific writer, she began signing her varied articles as "Mitzi." Traveso debuted as a singer on Radio Municipal in 1936, and met her second husband, Marcelo Salcedo, at that time. She soon began appearing in Buenos Aires' vibrant theatre, where she developed two satirical characters, Cándida y Catita; by then, she had adopted another pseudonym: "Niní Marshall." 
These roles led to a prestigious Sensación Radiofónica award in 1937 for her work in Sintonía and to a film deal with Enrique Susini's Lumiton Studios in 1938. Portraying her character "Catita" (an Italian Argentine cook), opposite Mecha Ortiz and Tito Lusiardo (Catita's fastidious employers), in Mujeres que trabajan (Working Women), the comedy's success led to an offer the following year to portray Catita's par, Cándida (an antiquated Galician maid), for which she also wrote the screenplay.
Her thickly-accented characters and use of ethnic humor were not without their detractors, however. The conservative government in power in Argentina at the time ordered her banned from the radio in 1940 and, in 1943, newly installed dictator Gen. Pedro Ramírez had her banned from the cinema, on the charge of "deforming the language," leading to her exile in Mexico. A leading box office draw, she portrayed either Catita or Cándida in numerous more films, as well starring in other notable comedy roles such as Conrado Nalé Roxlo's adaptation of Victorien Sardou's Madame Sans Gêne, in 1945.
Following President Juan Perón's 1955 overthrow, Marshall returned to Argentina and to her comedy stanby for her first post-exile role in Julio Saraceni's Catita es una dama (Catita is a Lady, 1956). Continuing to perform in the radio and theatre, she went on to create numerous other comedy characters, among them: Cosme, Doña Caterina, Doña Pola, Mingo, the aristocratic Mónica de Picos Pardo Unzué Crostón, Niña Jovita, Pedantina, Sabelotodo and Ursilina (all satires of stereotypically Argentine types, and some male). Her work in the theatre helped make household names of young colleagues of hers such as Zully Moreno, Enrique Pinti, Antonio Gasalla and Juan Carlos Altavista, as well making successes of theatre pieces such as Coqueluche (with Thelma Biral) and a 1972 monologue, Y se nos fue redepente (Left Suddenly).
Her last film role starred opposite veteran comic Luis Sandrini in ¡Qué linda es mi familia! (My Family's Beautiful!). The 1980 yarn on a quiet, elderly couple's brush with fame would be the ailing Sandrini's last, as well. She earned a Konex Award in 1981, and retired from show business the following year. She penned her memoirs in 1985 and reemerged in the theatre briefly for a friend, dramatist Antonio Gasalla, in 1988. The acclaimed role earned her a recognition as an Illustrious Citizen of Buenos Aires in 1989. Given the award not by the mayor, but by newly elected President Carlos Menem, he apologized to her for the persecution she endured 40 years earlier. Argentine cinema standards Norma Aleandro and Alfredo Alcón presented her with a Lifetime Achievement Award in 1992 and theatre revivals of her work were produced from 1992 to 1995 locally and in Paris, including two works written in her honor.
The grande dame of Argentine humor to three generations, Niní Marshall died in Buenos Aires in 1996. She was 92.
|1938||Women Who Work||Catalina "Catita" Pizzafrola Langanuzzo|
|1939||Divorce in Montevideo||Catalina "Catita" Pizzafrola Langanuzzo|
|1940||Marriage in Buenos Aires|
|1940||Honeymoon in Rio|
|1940||Los celos de Cándida||Cándida|
|1941||I Want to Be a Chorus Girl|
|1942||La mentirosa||Niní Martínez|
|1943||Candida, Woman of the Year||Cándida|
|1945||Madam Sans Gene|
|1946||Mosquita muerta||Dionisia de Flavigni|
|1947||Buenos Aires Sings|
|1947||The Headless Woman||Niní|
|1947||Christmas with the Poor||Catalina "Catita" Pizzafrola Langanuzzo|
|1948||Porteña de corazón||Catalina "Catita" Pizzafrola Langanuzzo|
|1949||Mujeres que bailan||Catalina "Catita" Pizzafrola Langanuzzo|
|1949||Una gallega en México||Cándida||Mexican film|
|1949||I'm Not Mata Hari||Spanish film|
|1950||A Galician Dances the Mambo||Cándida||Mexican film|
|1950||La alegre casada||Catalina "Catita" Pizzafrola Langanuzzo||Mexican film|
|1951||Los enredos de una Gallega||Cándida||Mexican film|
|1952||Mi campeón||Catalina "Catita" Pizzafrola Langanuzzo||Mexican film|
|1953||Amor de locura||Catalina "Catita" Pizzafrola Langanuzzo||Mexican film|
|1953||Dios los cría||Mexican film|
|1955||Una gallega en La Habana||Cándida||Mexican film|
|1956||Catita es una dama||Catalina "Catita" Pizzafrola Langanuzzo|
|1964||Cleopatra Was Candida||Cándida|
|1967||Ya tiene comisario el pueblo||Doña Sofocación|
|1967||Scandal in the Family||Loli|
|1968||Story of a Poor Young Man||Carolina|
|1971||Vamos a soñar por el amor||Carolina|
|1980||My Family's Beautiful!|
- Werchowsky, Florencia (2008). "Fascículo Ídolos del Espectáculo Argentino: Niní". Clarín (Argentine newspaper) (in Spanish).
- Alejandra Zoppi (15 October 2010). "Niní Marshall: la Chaplín con pollera" (in Spanish). La Nación. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- MediaLab Rosario: Niní Marshall (Spanish)
- Marrazzi, Eduardo (Revista Flash, 1996). Se nos fue redepente.
- Fundación Konex (Spanish)
- Cine Nacional
- Clarín (Spanish)