Nina Douglas-Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton

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Nina Mary Benita Douglas-Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton (née Nina Mary Benita Poore; 13 May 1878 – 12 January 1951), was a British peeress and animal activist.


The Duchess of Hamilton with her 2nd daughter Margaret

Born in 1878 in Salisbury, Poore was the daughter of Major Robert Poore and Juliana Benita Lowry-Corry.[1] She married, on 4 December 1901, at the parish church, Newton Tony, to Alfred Douglas-Hamilton, 13th Duke of Hamilton.[2] They had four sons and three daughters:

The Duchess was a co-founder in 1903 of the Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society, with Lizzy Lind af Hageby, and in 1912 became a founder of the Scottish Society for the Prevention of Vivisection, which went on to become Advocates for Animals.[3] She also ran an animal sanctuary at Ferne House in Dorset, the estate she and her husband owned.[4]

A Princess Coronation Class steam locomotive was named after her, which is on static display at the National Railway Museum, York. The Duchess Nina Institute in the village of Quarter, near Hamilton, Scotland, was a gift to the villagers by the Duke and Duchess of Hamilton and was formally opened on 24 September 1910.


  1. ^ "Nina Mary Benita Poore". The Peerage. 29 December 2009. 
  2. ^ "Court circular" The Times (London). Thursday, 5 December 1901. (36630), p. 6.
  3. ^ For the Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society, see Rappaport, Helen. "Lind-af-Hageby, Louise", Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers, Volume 1, ABC-CLIO, 2001.
  4. ^ Smith, Andy. "Press dynasty is coming home from exile to a '£6m' mansion", The Observer, 13 June 1999.

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