Ponomaryova at the 1960 Olympics
|Born||27 April 1929|
Smychka, Ural Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Died||19 August 2016 (aged 87)|
|Resting place||Federal Military Memorial Cemetery, |
|Height||1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)|
|Weight||84 kg (185 lb)|
|Achievements and titles|
|Personal best(s)||56.62 (1955)|
Ponomaryova became interested in athletics in 1947, when she entered the Physical Training Faculty of the Stavropol Pedagogical Institute. Her first official performance was in 1948 at the Stavropol Krai Championships, where she set a new regional record at 30.53 m. After just three years of training she became one of the leading Soviet athletes. In 1949 she finished third at the USSR Championships. At that time an experienced coach Dmitry Markov began to train her. In 1951 Romashkova became the Soviet champion, she repeated this success in 1952–1956, 1958 and 1959.
In 1952 she was a member of the Soviet team, which participated in the Olympic Games for the first time in history. At that time the Olympic record was held since 1936 Summer Olympics by Gisela Mauermayer at 47.63 m. Ponomaryova won the qualifying round with a throw of 45.05 m (36 m was enough to qualify). In the final, after the first try Ponomaryova was second with a throw of 45.16 m, the leader being her teammate Nina Dumbadze (45.85 m). In the second try Ponomaryova improved the Olympic record by more than 3 metres (50.84 m). After that she was the leader until the end of the competition. In the third try she set the Olympic record at 51.42 m and earned the first Olympic gold medal for the Soviet Union.
Less than a month after the 1952 Summer Olympics, on 9 August 1952 in Odessa Ponomaryova set a new world record at 53.61 m. In 1954 she won a European title, and in 1956 an Olympic bronze medal. In 1957 she was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. In 1960 Ponomaryova became an Olympic champion for the second time. In 1966 she finished her career and worked as a coach, first in Kiev, and after 1998 in Moscow.
Soon after the 1952 Olympics, Ponomaryova married and gave birth to a son.
Only after I had felt a heavy golden circle in my hand, I realized what happened. I am the first Soviet Olympic Champion, you know, the first record-holder of the 15th Olympiad...Tears were stinging my eyes. How happy I was!... After her win at the 1952 Summer Olympics.
In Russian:Только ощутив в руке тяжелый золотой кружок, я осознала, что произошло. Ведь я первая советская олимпийская чемпионка, первая рекордсменка XV Олимпиады... Слезы щипали глаза. Как я была счастлива!...
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nina Ponomaryova.|
- Romashkova-Ponomaryova rzutyiskoki.pl (in Polish)
- Nina Ponomaryova's profile in the Modern Museum of Sports includes photos of her and some of her decorations (in Russian)
- Biography (in Russian)
| Women's Discus World Record Holder
9 August 1952 – 18 October 1952