Nina Wilcox Putnam
|Nina Wilcox Putnam|
Putnam, circa 1932
|Born||Inez Coralie Wilcox
November 28, 1888
New Haven, Connecticut
|Died||March 8, 1962
Nina Wilcox Putnam (November 28, 1888 – March 8, 1962) was an American novelist, screenwriter and playwright. She wrote more than 500 short stories, around 1000 magazine articles, and several books in addition to regular newspaper columns, serials, comic books and children's literature. Many of her stories were made into films, including a story that was the basis for the 1932 film The Mummy starring Boris Karloff. She married four times, was estimated to have earned one million dollars from her writing, and drafted the first 1040 income tax form for the IRS.
Inez Coralie Wilcox was born in New Haven, Connecticut on November 28, 1888 to Eleanor Sanchez Wilcox and Marrion Wilcox. She was homeschooled by her father, who taught English at Yale and was an editor of Harper's Weekly and the Encyclopedia Americana. She had a sister, Lenor, who was five years younger than she. When Inez was 11 years old, the New York Sunday Herald bought a short story of hers for $5.
Wilcox took a job making hats at a Fifth avenue millinery. She married publisher Robert Faulkner Putnam in 1907, taking his last name. She drafted the first US Income Tax 1040 form for the Internal Revenue Service in 1912. She was diagnosed with tuberculosis and given two years to live, an experience she wrote about in 1922 in the Saturday Evening Post.
Putnam was a prolific writer, penning romances, westerns, musical comedies and Gothic horror. She wrote pieces for The Saturday Evening Post and had a syndicated column called "I and George" that was carried in 400 newspapers. She also wrote children's books and created a comic book series for children called Sunny Bunny. In 1928 or 1929 she began the comic strip Witty Kitty. Putnam was also a vocal advocate for Victorian dress reform, decrying the horrors of corsets and experimenting with her own dress designs.
The screenplay for the 1932 film The Mummy starring Boris Karloff was adapted from an original story by Putnam and Richard Schayer. The pair learned about Alessandro Cagliostro and wrote a nine-page treatment entitled Cagliostro. The original story, set in San Francisco, was about a 3000-year-old magician who survives by injecting nitrates. Screenwriter John L. Balderston based his script on the story.
Hollywood made several of Putnam's stories into movies, including Graft, A Game Chicken (1922), The Fourth Horseman, In Search of Arcady, Sitting Pretty, Slaves of Beauty, Two Weeks With Pay, The Beauty Prize, A Lady's Profession (1933) and Golden Harvest. She wrote the screenplay for Democracy: The Vision Restored (1920) and the 1953 film El billetero was adapted from her story. She was estimated to have earned one million dollars from her writing by 1942.
Wilcox married New York publisher Robert Faulkner Putnam on October 5, 1907, in New York City. They had a son, John Francis Putnam. Robert Putnam died on October 23, 1918, a victim of that year's flu pandemic. She kept the name Putnam for the rest of her life.
In 1919 she married Robert J. Sanderson of Boston. In 1924, the wife of Putnam's chauffeur-secretary, Richard Ellsworth Bassett, alleged that Putnam had tried to convince her to divorce her husband so that Putnam could marry him. Putnam, who had been pursuing a divorce from Sanderson, denied the charges. She divorced Sanderson in 1926. Her third marriage was to Arthur James Ogle on September 12, 1931, in Yuma, Arizona. In July 1933 she was granted a divorce from Ogle. The day after her divorce, Putnam married Christian Eliot, nephew of Granville John Eliot, 7th Earl of St Germans. Christian died on June 18, 1948.
- —— (1912). In Search of Arcady. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday. p. 361.
- —— (1913). The Impossible Boy. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill company.
- —— (1914). Orthodoxy. New York: Mitchell Kennerley.
- —— (1915). The Little Missioner. D. Appleton and Company.
- —— (1916). Adam's Garden. J.B. Lippincott.
- ——; Jacobsen, Norman (1917). When the Highbrow Joined the Outfit. New York: Duffield & Company.
- —— (1917). Sunny Bunny. Algonquin.
- —— (1918). Esmeralda, or, Every Little Bit Helps. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott. p. 172.
- ——; Jacobsen, Norman (1918). Winkle, Twinkle and Lollypop. Katharine Sturges Dodge (illust.). P. F. Volland.
- —— (1919). Believe You Me!. New York: George H. Doran.
- —— (1920). It Pays to Smile. New York: George H. Doran. p. 286.
- —— (1921). West Broadway. George H. Doran.
- —— (1922). Laughter limited. New York: A.L. Burt. p. 341.
- —— (1922). Tomorrow We Diet. George H. Doran. p. 90.
- —— (1923). Say It with Bricks: A Few Remarks About Husbands. George H. Doran. p. 33.
- —— (1923). Say It with Oil: A Few Remarks About Wives. George H. Doran. p. 25.
- —— (1926). Easy. Burt. p. 269.
- —— (1930). Laughing through, being the autobiographical story of a girl who made her way. New York: Sears Pub. Co. p. 340.
- ——; Jacobsen, Norman (1935). Adventures in the Open: In which Winkle, Twinkle, and Lollypop discover the elements of the world about them. Katharine Sturges Dodge (illust.). New York: Wise Book Co. p. 112.
- —— (1940). The Inner Voice. New York: Sheridan House. p. 309.
- —— (1950). Lynn, Cover Girl. Messner. p. 186.
- —— (1950). A Career for Lynn. New York: Avon Book Division, the Hearst Corporation. p. 128.
- —— (1962). Second-hand book. Greenwich, Conn.: Fawcett Publications.
- "Robert Faulkner Putnam and Miss 'lnez Coralie Wilcox Married in the Old First Presbyterian Church". The New York Times.
- Williams, Steven (July 28, 1941). "Would Punish Fatties by Law: Nina Wilcox Putnam Says Fat-Ugly Ones Are Offensive". The Windsor Daily Star.
- "Introducing Nina Wilcox Putnam, Whose Serial "Paris Love," Begins Thursday in The News-Bee". The Toledo News-Bee. January 24, 1933.
- Bennett, David J. (2007). He Almost Changed the World: The Life and Times of Thomas Riley Marshall. AuthorHouse. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-4259-6562-4.
- Treichler, Paula A.; Reagan, Leslie J.; Tomes, Nancy (2008). Medicine's Moving Pictures: Medicine, Health, and Bodies in American Film and Television. Rochester, N.Y.: University of Rochester Press. p. 42. ISBN 1-58046-306-1.
- I.M.T. (May 1913). "Nina Wilcox Putnam". The American Magazine. 75: 34–36.
- "Putnam, Nina Wilcox (1888-1962)". The FictionMags Index. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- Wilcox Putnam, Nina (August 29, 1926). "I and George Knock Out Flies". St. Petersburg Times.
- Wilcox Putnam, Nina (December 21, 1928). "Witty Kitty.". St. Joseph News-Press.
- Joshi, S.T. (2007). Icons of Horror And the Supernatural: An Encyclopedia of Our Worst Nightmares, Volume 1. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. p. 395. ISBN 0-313-33780-2.
- "Soldiers' Pictures". The Horsham Times. June 6, 1924.
- "Writer To Be Buried Near Mexican Home". Reading Eagle. March 9, 1962.
- "This Time It's the Man Who Pays". The Milwaukee Journal. February 17, 1924.
- "Nina's Husband Denies Divorce Pact by Writer". Providence News. April 28, 1924.
- "Nina Wilcox Putman Wed for Third Time". The Milwaukee Journal. September 13, 1931.
- "Milestones". Time. July 24, 1933.
- Nina Wilcox Putnam Papers Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
- Riley, Philip J. (2010). Cagliostro, The King of the Dead (An Alternate History for Classic Film Monsters). Albany, GA: BearManor Media. ISBN 1-59393-476-9.