Nine Men

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The council of Nine Men was a citizens board and a form of representational democracy in New Netherland. It replaced the previous councils, the Twelve Men and the Eight Men.[1] Members of the council were elected in 1647, 1649, 1650 and 1652. On July 26, 1649, eleven current and former members of the board signed the Petition of the Commonality of New Netherland, which requested that the States General take action to encourage economic freedom and force local government like that in the Netherlands, removing the colony from the control of the Dutch West India Company. It became the basis for the municipal government when the city of New Amsterdam received its charter in 1653.[2]


Members and the year of election:[3]

  • Key
     = Member of the council
     = Chairman
Name 1647 1649 1650 1652
Allard Anthony (Antonides)
Willem Beekman
Jan Evertsen Bout
Peter Cornelissen
Jan Jansen Damen
Isaac de Foreest
Thomas Hall
Augustine Herman
Hendrick Hendricksen Kip
Jochem Pietersen Kuyter
Govert Loockermans
David Provoost
Jacob Wolfertse van Couwenhoven
Jacobus van Curler
Paulus Leendertz Vandergrift
Arnoldus van Hardenbergh
Arent van Hattem
Elber Elbertsen van Stoothoff
Oloff Stevense Van Cortlandt
Adriaen van der Donck
Michiel Jansen Vreelandt

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jacobs, Jaap (2005). New Netherland: A Dutch Colony In Seventeenth-Century America. ISBN 90-04-12906-5. Both in the way it was set up and in the extent of its rights, the council of Twelve Men, as did the two later advisory bodies ...
  2. ^ "About the City Council". New York City Council. Archived from the original on 2012-06-20. Retrieved 2013-01-01.
  3. ^ "New Amsterdam Notable Citizens". Retrieved 2012-12-31.