Nine Schools of Thought
- Confucianism (as interpreted by Mencius and others),
- two strains of Diplomatists,
- the Logicians,
- Sun-tzu's Militarists, and
- the Naturalists.
Although only the first three of these went on to receive imperial patronage in later dynasties, doctrines from each influenced the others and Chinese society in sometimes unusual ways. The Mohists, for instance, found little interest in their praise of meritocracy but much acceptance for their mastery of siege warfare; much later, however, their arguments against nepotism were used in favor of establishing the imperial examination system.
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