The Nineteenth Century (periodical)

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August 1880 issue

The Nineteenth Century was a British monthly literary magazine founded in 1877 by Sir James Knowles. Many of the early contributors to The Nineteenth Century were members of the Metaphysical Society. The journal was intended to publish debate by leading intellectuals.[1]

In 1900, the first recorded reference to the 'Middle East', attributed to Thomas Edward Gordon, is published in the magazine article The Problem of the Middle East.[2]

In 1901, the title was changed to The Nineteenth Century and After. In October 1933, the magazine ran a review of H. G. Wells' work by Gerald Heard.[3] Its title was subsequently changed again to The Twentieth Century in 1951. It was published until 1972. The magazine notably asserted, shortly before the outbreak of World War I in 1914, that, "The only court in which nations' issues can and will be tried is the court of God, which is war."[4]


  1. ^ Virginia Zimmerman, “The Weird Message from the Past”: Material Epistemologies of Past, Present, and Future in the Nineteenth Century”. Victorian Periodicals Review, Volume 42, Number 2, Summer 2009.
  2. ^ Gordon, Thomas Edward (Jan–June 1900). Knowles, James, ed. "The Problem of the Middle East". The Nineteenth Century: a Monthly Review. London: Lowe, Marston & Company: 413.
  3. ^ "Mr. Wells' Apocalypse" by Gerald Heard. The Nineteenth Century, October 1933. Reprinting in The H.G. Wells Scrapbook by Peter Haining. London : New English Library, 1978. ISBN 0450037789 (pp. 108-114).
  4. ^ The Oxford History of Modern War by Charles Townshend, 2nd Edition. 1985. pp. 83–84.

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