|Native to||People's Republic of China|
|Region||Ningbo & Zhoushan, Zhejiang province|
|Ethnicity||Ningbo people (Han Chinese)|
|5-6 million (date missing)|
The Ningbo dialect or Ningbonese (Chinese: 宁波话/寧波話,宁波闲话/寧波閒話) is a dialect of Wu, one of the subdivisions of Chinese varieties. It is spoken in the city of Ningbo and Zhoushan and surrounding areas in Zhejiang province.
The Ningbo dialect is spoken throughout Ningbo and Zhoushan prefectures.
Its native speakers generally understand Shanghainese, but not vice versa. It is not at all mutually intelligible with Mandarin, China's official language. Ningbo dialect is considered a Yongjiang dialect or Mingzhou dialect (as both terms are synonymous), and is closely related to the Taihu Wu dialects of Zhoushan. In terms of inter-intelligibility between dialects within the Yong-Jiang subgroup, they can be more accurately described as 'accents' (腔) as these dialects are relatively uniform and almost identical to each other aside from pronunciation differences and some minor lexical differences.
Bilabials Labiovelars Alveolars Palatals Velars Glottals Nasals m n ɲ ŋ Stops Unvoiced Aspirated pʰ tʰ kʰ ʔ Unaspirated p t k Voiced b d ɡ Affricates Unvoiced Aspirated tsʰ tɕʰ Unaspirated ts tɕ Voiced dz dʑ Fricatives Unvoiced f s ɕ h Voiced v z ʑ ɦ Laterals l
ã ɔ̃ ũ əŋ ʮøŋ oŋ ɐʔ oʔ iɪʔ ʮœʔ iã iŋ iɐʔ uã uɔ̃ uəŋ uɐʔ yɔ̃ yəŋ yoŋ yoʔ yəʔ
Others l̩ m̩ n̩ ŋ̍
Tone classification Tone symbol Tone number T1(陰平) ˥˧ 53 T2(陽平) ˨˦ 24 T3(陰上) ˧˥ 35 T5(陰去) ˦˦ 44 T46(陽上去) ˨˩˧ 213 T7(陰入) ʔ˥ 5 T8(陽入) ʔ˩˨ 12
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