Ninghua County

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Ninghua County
宁化县
Ninghwa
Ninghua is located in Fujian
Ninghua
Ninghua
Location of the seat in Fujian
Coordinates: 26°15′43″N 116°39′14″E / 26.262°N 116.654°E / 26.262; 116.654Coordinates: 26°15′43″N 116°39′14″E / 26.262°N 116.654°E / 26.262; 116.654
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceFujian
Prefecture-level citySanming
Area
 • Total2,381 km2 (919 sq mi)
Population
 ([when?])
 • Total340,000
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Ninghua (simplified Chinese: 宁化县; traditional Chinese: 寧化縣; pinyin: Nínghuà Xiàn) is a county of the prefecture-level city of Sanming, in western Fujian province, People's Republic of China, bordering Jiangxi to the west. The town of Shibi of Ninghua is well known as the cradle of the Hakka. Ninghua is also marked as the starting place of the famous massive Long March undertaken by the Red Army of the Chinese Communist Party in 1934.

Administration[edit]

The county government is located in Cuijiang town (翠江镇). There are four other towns, namely Quanshang (泉上镇), Hucun (胡村) and Shibi (石壁镇) Caofang (曹坊镇). All four lie along a single east-west highway which transects Ninghua and connects the Mingxi County with National Highway 206 in Jiangxi Province.

There are twelve sub-townships, making a total of 16 township-level divisions in Ninghua: Chengjiao (adjoining Cuijiang, the county seat), Anyuan, Shuixi, Helong, Zhongsha, Jicun, Huaitu, Fangtian, Zhiping, Caofang, Anle and Chengnan.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ninghua (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
31.0
(87.8)
31.3
(88.3)
33.8
(92.8)
35.3
(95.5)
44.4
(111.9)
38.4
(101.1)
38.6
(101.5)
36.5
(97.7)
35.1
(95.2)
32.2
(90.0)
27.7
(81.9)
44.4
(111.9)
Average high °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
14.8
(58.6)
18.1
(64.6)
23.7
(74.7)
27.4
(81.3)
30.0
(86.0)
33.1
(91.6)
32.5
(90.5)
29.7
(85.5)
25.7
(78.3)
20.8
(69.4)
15.7
(60.3)
23.7
(74.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
9.5
(49.1)
12.9
(55.2)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
24.9
(76.8)
27.1
(80.8)
26.5
(79.7)
23.9
(75.0)
19.5
(67.1)
14.0
(57.2)
8.7
(47.7)
17.9
(64.2)
Average low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
6.0
(42.8)
9.4
(48.9)
14.5
(58.1)
18.2
(64.8)
21.4
(70.5)
22.7
(72.9)
22.4
(72.3)
20.0
(68.0)
15.1
(59.2)
9.3
(48.7)
3.9
(39.0)
13.9
(57.0)
Record low °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−4.8
(23.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
1.5
(34.7)
8.3
(46.9)
12.4
(54.3)
18.6
(65.5)
15.0
(59.0)
10.6
(51.1)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.8
(27.0)
−9.0
(15.8)
−9.0
(15.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.2
(2.80)
122.1
(4.81)
215.2
(8.47)
227.5
(8.96)
284.6
(11.20)
307.3
(12.10)
133.3
(5.25)
157.1
(6.19)
98.8
(3.89)
70.3
(2.77)
51.7
(2.04)
45.8
(1.80)
1,784.9
(70.28)
Average relative humidity (%) 81 84 85 84 83 84 79 81 81 79 79 78 82
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Transportation[edit]

The area is served by Ninghua railway station.