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Ninia atrata.jpg
Ninia atrata, Hallowell's coffee snake
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Subfamily: Dipsadinae
Genus: Ninia
Baird & Girard, 1853

Ninia is a genus of colubroid snakes commonly referred to as coffee snakes. The genus consists of 10 species that are native to Mexico, Central America, and the northern part of South America. Some species are also found on the Caribbean islands.[1]


There are currently 11 recognized species:[1][2]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Ninia atrata.jpg Ninia atrata (Hallowell, 1845) Hallowell's Coffee Snake southern Central America, Ecuador, Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago
Ninia celata McCranie & Wilson, 1995 Costa Rica; Panama
Ninia diademata Baird & Girard, 1853 ringneck coffee snake, culebra de cafetal de collar Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico
Ninia espinali McCranie & Wilson, 1995 (Espinal's Coffee Snake El Salvador; Honduras
Ninia franciscoi Angarita-Sierra, 2014 Trinidad
Ninia hudsoni Parker, 1940 Guiana Coffee Snake, Hudson's Coffee Snake Guiana, Ecuador (Amazonas), Peru (Pasco, Tambopata, Madre de Dios), Brazil (Rondônia), SW Colombia
Ninia maculata (W. Peters, 1861) spotted coffee snake Costa Rica; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
Ninia pavimentata (Bocourt, 1883) Guatemala
Ninia psephota (Cope, 1876) Cope's coffee snake Panama, Costa Rica
Ninia-sebae-fainting.jpg Ninia sebae (A.M.C. Duméril, Bibron & A.H.A. Duméril, 1854) redback coffee snake, culebra de cafetal espalda roja Mexico and Central America.
Ninia teresitae Angarita-Sierra & Lynch, 2017 Colombia; Ecuador

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Ninia.


  1. ^ a b "Ninia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Ninia ". The Reptile Database.

Further reading[edit]

  • Baird SF, Girard C. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part I.—Serpents. Washington, District of Columbia: xvi + 172 pp. (Ninia, new genus, pp. 49–50).
  • Freiberg M. 1982. Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Genus Ninia, p. 104).