Ninotsminda

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Ninotsminda
ნინოწმინდა
Town
Ninotsminda environs
Ninotsminda environs
Ninotsminda is located in Georgia
Ninotsminda
Ninotsminda
Location of Ninotsminda in Georgia
Ninotsminda is located in Samtskhe-Javakheti
Ninotsminda
Ninotsminda
Ninotsminda (Samtskhe-Javakheti)
Coordinates: 41°15′52″N 43°35′27″E / 41.26444°N 43.59083°E / 41.26444; 43.59083
Country  Georgia (country)
Mkhare Samtskhe-Javakheti
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 5,144
Time zone Georgian Time (UTC+4)

Ninotsminda (Georgian: ნინოწმინდა [ninɔtsʼmindɑ]) is a town and a center of the eponymous municipality located in Georgia's southern district of Samtskhe-Javakheti. According to the 2014 census the town has a population of 5,144. The vast majority of the population are Armenians.

History[edit]

Translation of the current official name of the settlement means "Saint Nino" in English and it was given to the town in honor of the illuminator of Georgians St. Nino, in 1991.

During the Ottoman rule, this was a sanjak of Çıldır Eyaleti, called Altunkale, which means "Golden Castle" in Turkish.

Before 1991, the town of Ninotsminda was called Bogdanovka (Russian: Богдановка) - a name going back to the history of the Doukhobor settlement in the region in the 1840s.[2][3] After the conquest of Kars in 1878, some Doukhobors from Bogdanovka moved to the newly created Kars Oblast. Twenty years later, some of them (or their descendants) emigrated from Kars Oblast to Canada, where they established a short-lived village named Bogdanovka in Langham district of Saskatchewan.[4] Another group of emigrants, coming straight from Georgian Bogdanovka, established another Bogdanovka near Pelly, Saskatchewan.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Ninotsminda Sport Hall entrance

The Georgian census of 2014 counted 24,491 residents in Ninotsminda municipality, of which 23,262 (95%) were Armenians, and 1,029 (4.2%) were Georgians.[1] In Soviet Union, Doukhobor population of the region was in comparatively favorable conditions, isolated from attention of civil officials as population of ethnically mixed borderline region. In the 1990s, following the collapse of Soviet Union and rise of nationalist pressure (both local Armenian and state-imposed Georgian), a significant part of remaining Russian settlers abandoned their homes to settle in Russia.[6][7][8]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population Census 2014". www.geostat.ge. National Statistics Office of Georgia. November 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  2. ^ Hedwig Lohm, "Dukhobors in Georgia: A Study of the Issue of Land Ownership and Inter-Ethnic Relations in Ninotsminda rayon (Samtskhe-Javakheti)". November 2006. Available in English Archived 2010-06-02 at the Wayback Machine. and Russian Archived 2010-09-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2008-01-26.  (Doukhobor Genealogy Website)
  4. ^ Bogdanovka, Langham District, SK Archived 2005-04-01 at the Wayback Machine. (Doukhobor Genealogy Website)
  5. ^ Bogdanovka, Pelly District, SK Archived 2005-01-17 at the Wayback Machine. (Doukhobor Genealogy Website)
  6. ^ 17 марта 2006 г. Брянская область готовится принять партию русских духоборов с Кавказа \\ Патриархия.ru/АНН
  7. ^ Духоборы из Малого Снежетка. Первые переселенцы обустраиваются на новом месте. Евгений Писарев, Тамбовская область \\ "Российская газета" - Черноземье №4568 от 22 января 2008 г.
  8. ^ Джавахетские проблемы Грузии. России ахалкалакцы здесь больше не нужны? 18.06.2006. России ахалкалакцы здесь больше не нужны? Иракли Чихладзе, "Солидарность" выпуск №2 Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°15′52″N 43°35′27″E / 41.26444°N 43.59083°E / 41.26444; 43.59083