Ninth European Parliament

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9th European Parliament
2 July 2019 – TBD
The logo of the European Parliament
President (1st Half)Italy David Sassoli (S&D)
President (2nd Half)TBD
Vice-Presidents
First Vice President:


Vice Presidents:

CommissionJuncker (until 1 November 2019)
Von der Leyen (from 1 November 2019)
Political groupsCoalition (442) (unofficial, de-facto):[1]
     EPP (182)
     S&D (153)
     RE (108)

Opposition (304) (unofficial, de-facto):
     Greens/EFA (74)
     ID (73)
     ECR (62)
     GUE-NGL (41)
     NI (54)

     Vacant (4)
MEPs751
9th EU Parliametn Composition 11-7-2019.svg
ElectionsMay 2019 (Union)
Treaty on European Union
Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union[a 1]
WebsiteOfficial website

The 9th European Parliament was elected in the 2019 elections and is to last until the 2024 elections.

Major events[edit]

The 9th European Parliament's constitutive session, Strasbourg (2 July 2019)

Leadership[edit]

First half[edit]

President S&D David Sassoli  ITA EP bureau positions mapped.png
Vice Presidents
For order of precedence see the election results
EPP Mairead McGuinness  IRL
EPP Rainer Wieland  GER
EPP Othmar Karas  AUT
EPP Ewa Kopacz  POL
EPP Lívia Járóka  HUN
S&D Pedro Silva Pereira  POR
S&D Katarina Barley  GER
S&D Klára Dobrev  HUN
RE Dita Charanzová  CZE
RE Nicola Beer  GER
G/EFA Heidi Hautala  FIN
G/EFA Marcel Kolaja  CZE
GUE/NGL Dimitrios Papadimoulis  GRE
NI Fabio Massimo Castaldo  ITA
Quaestors EPP Anne Sander  FRA
EPP David Casa  MLT
S&D Monika Beňová  SVK
RE Gilles Boyer  FRA
ECR Karol Karski  POL

Elections of the President[edit]

President of the
European Parliament
David Maria Sassoli.jpg
David Sassoli (PES)
of Italy Italy
from 3 July 2019

3 July 2019 election[edit]

The President was due to be elected at the first meeting of Parliament on 2 July but the vote was delayed until 3 July because of the European Council's ongoing negotiations to fill other major EU roles. Nominations for candidates remained open until late in the evening on 2 July.[4] The President is elected with the majority of valid votes.

Candidate Group Ballots
1st Ballot 2nd Ballot
David Sassoli  ITA S&D 325 345
Jan Zahradil  CZE ECR 162 160
Ska Keller  GER G/EFA 133 119
Sira Rego  SPA GUE/NGL 42 43
Votes cast 662 667
Votes needed for election 332 334
Blank or void 73 37
Voted 735 704
Source: European Parliament News

Elections of the Vice Presidents[edit]

The 14 Vice Presidents are elected in a single ballot by an absolute majority of votes cast. If the number of successful candidates is less than 14, a second vote is held to assign the remaining seats under the same conditions. If a third vote is necessary, a simple majority is sufficient to fill the remaining seats. Vice Presidents take precedence in the order in which they are elected and, in the event of a tie, by age. At each round, MEPs may vote for as many candidates as the number of seats available at that round, but they have to vote for more than half of the positions to be filled.[9]

3 July 2019 election[edit]

Candidate Group Ballots Electronic
1st Ballot 2nd Ballot 3rd Round
Mairead McGuinness  IRL EPP 618
Pedro Silva Pereira  POR S&D 556
Rainer Wieland  GER EPP 516
Katarina Barley  GER S&D 516
Othmar Karas  AUT EPP 477
Ewa Kopacz  POL EPP 461
Klara Dobrev  HUN S&D 402
Dita Charanzová  CZE RE 395
Nicola Beer  GER RE 363
Lívia Járóka  HUN EPP 349
Heidi Hautala  FIN G/EFA 336
Marcel Kolaja  CZE G/EFA 237 426
Dimitrios Papadimoulis  GRE GUE/NGL 303 401
Fabio Massimo Castaldo  ITA NI 143 284 248
Zdzisław Krasnodębski  POL ECR 169 261 85
Mara Bizzotto  ITA ID 130 142 17
Laura Huhtasaari  FIN ID 135 withdrew
Votes cast 661 663 350
Votes needed for election 331 332 175
Blank or void 41 16 61
Voted 702 679 411
Source: European Parliament News

Elections of the Quaestors[edit]

4 July 2019 election[edit]

The five Quaestors were chosen by acclamation.

Candidate Group Votes
Anne Sander  FRA EPP 407
Monika Beňová  SVK S&D 391
David Casa  MLT EPP 391
Gilles Boyer  FRA RE 317
Karol Karski  POL ECR 261
Source: European Parliament News

Political groups leadership[edit]

Political group Presidents Vice Presidents
EPP

[10]

Group of the European People's Party Manfred Weber  GER Dubravka Šuica  CRO
Esteban González Pons  SPA
Ewa Kopacz  POL
Siegfried Mureșan  ROU
Mairead McGuinness  IRL
Esther de Lange  NED
Arnaud Danjean  FRA
Andrey Kovatchev  BUL
Vangelis Meimarakis  GRE
Paulo Rangel  POR
S&D

[11]

Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament Iratxe García  SPA Éric Andrieu  FRA
Simona Bonafé
from 11 September 2019
 ITA
Biljana Borzan  CRO
Miriam Dalli  MLT
Heléne Fritzon  SWE
Claude Moraes  UK
Kati Piri  NED
Rovana Plumb  ROU
Ismail Ertug
from 11 September 2019
 GER
Bernd Lange
until ????
 GER
Roberto Gualtieri
until 5 September 2019
 ITA
RE

[12]

Renew Europe Group Dacian Cioloș  ROU Malik Azmani  NED
Katalin Cseh  HUN
Luis Garicano  SPA
Martin Horwood  UK
Morten Løkkegaard  DEN
Iskra Mihaylova  BUL
Frédérique Ries  BEL
Dominique Riquet  FRA
G/EFA

[13]

Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance Ska Keller  GER Alice Bah Kuhnke  SWE
Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield  FRA
Bas Eickhout  NED
Terry Reintke  GER
Philippe Lamberts  BEL
Molly Scott Cato  UK
Alyn Smith  UK
Ernest Urtasun  SPA
ID

[14]

Identity and Democracy Group Marco Zanni  ITA Nicolas Bay  FRA
Jörg Meuthen  GER
ECR

[15]

European Conservatives and Reformists Raffaele Fitto  ITA Roberts Zīle  LAT
Assita Kanko  BEL
Peter Lundgren  SWE
Ryszard Legutko  POL Daniel Hannan  UK
Derk Jan Eppink  NED
Hermann Tertsch  SPA
GUE/NGL

[16]

Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left Manon Aubry  FRA João Ferreira  POR
Marisa Matias  POR
Martin Schirdewan  GER Sira Rego  SPA
Nikolaj Villumsen  DEN

Political groups and parties[edit]

There are currently 7 political groups in the parliament, one less than the previous parliament. Each MEP can belong to only one group. Political groups can be founded by at least 25 MEPs which come from at least one quarter of all EU member states (currently seven).[3]

Current situation[edit]

Political group
and affiliated European political parties
MEPs
Pre-Brexit Post-Brexit
EPP

[17]

Group of the European People's Party
- European People's Party
182 / 751
187 / 705
Increase 5
24.23% 26.52% Increase 2.29%
S&D

[18]

Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament
- Party of European Socialists
153 / 751
148 / 705
Decrease 6
20.24% 19.70% Decrease 0.84%
RE

[19]

Renew Europe Group
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
- European Democratic Party
108 / 751
97 / 705
Decrease 11
14.38% 13.76% Decrease 0.62%
G/EFA

[20]

Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance
- European Green Party
- European Free Alliance
- European Pirate Party
- Volt Europa
74 / 751
67 / 705
Decrease 7
9.84% 9.50% Decrease 0.34%
ID

[14]

Identity and Democracy Group
- Identity and Democracy Party
73 / 751
76 / 705
Increase 3
9.72% 10.78% Increase 1.06%
ECR

[21]

European Conservatives and Reformists
- Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe
- European Christian Political Movement
62 / 751
62 / 705
Steady 0
8.26% 8.79% Increase 0.53%
GUE/NGL

[22]

Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left
- Party of the European Left
- Nordic Green Left Alliance
- Now the People!
- Animal Politics EU
41 / 751
40 / 705
Decrease 1
5.46% 5.67% Increase 0.21%
NI

[23]

Non-inscrits and others
- including Brexit Party, DUP, Five Star Movement, Jobbik, Golden Dawn, KKE, Živi zid, Die Partei and Kotleba
54 / 751
25 / 705
Decrease 29
7.19% 3.33% Decrease 3.86%
Vacant[24][25][26][27] 4 3 Decrease 46
Source for MEPs: Seats by Member State

Members[edit]

List of members[edit]

MEPs that previously served as President or Prime Minister:

MEPs that previously served as European Commissioner:

MEPs that previously served as presiding officer of a national parliament:

MEPs that previously served as President of the European Parliament:

MEPs that previously served as foreign minister:

Seat allocations[edit]

If and when the United Kingdom leaves the EU, 27 seats will be reallocated to the other member states and the other 46 seats will be abolished, for a total of 705 MEPs.[28]

Member state Current seats Post-Brexit seats Change
 Austria 18 19 Increase 1
 Belgium 21 21 Steady 0
 Bulgaria 17 17 Steady 0
 Croatia 11 12 Increase 1
 Cyprus 6 6 Steady 0
 Czech Republic 21 21 Steady 0
 Denmark 13 14 Increase 1
 Estonia 6 7 Increase 1
 Finland 13 14 Increase 1
 France 74 79 Increase 5
 Germany 96 96 Steady 0
 Greece 21 21 Steady 0
 Hungary 21 21 Steady 0
 Ireland 11 13 Increase 2
 Italy 73 76 Increase 3
 Latvia 8 8 Steady 0
 Lithuania 11 11 Steady 0
 Luxembourg 6 6 Steady 0
 Malta 6 6 Steady 0
 Netherlands 26 29 Increase 3
 Poland 51 52 Increase 1
 Portugal 21 21 Steady 0
 Romania 32 33 Increase 1
 Slovakia 13 14 Increase 1
 Slovenia 8 8 Steady 0
 Spain 54 59 Increase 5
 Sweden 20 21 Increase 1
 United Kingdom 73 0 Decrease 73
Total 751 705 Decrease 46
[29][30][31]

Post-Brexit political groups membership changes[edit]

Member state Political groups MEPs
EPP
(EPP)
S&D
(PES)
RE
(ALDE, EDP)
ECR
(AECR, ECPM)
GUE/NGL
(EL, NGLA, EACL)
G/EFA
(EGP, EFA)
ID
(EAPN)
NI
Austria Austria +1 (Grüne) +1
Croatia Croatia +1 (SDP) +1
Denmark Denmark +1 (V) +1
France France +1 (PS) +2 (LREM) +1 (EELV) +1 (RN) +5
Estonia Estonia +1 (ISAMAA) +1
Finland Finland +1 (VIHR) +1
Republic of Ireland Ireland +1 (FG) +1 (FF) +2
Italy Italy +1 (FI) +1 (FdI) +1 (LN) +3
Netherlands Netherlands +1(VVD) +1 (FvD) +1 (PVV) +3
Poland Poland +1 (PiS) +1
Romania Romania +1 (PSD) +1
Slovakia Slovakia +1 (KDH) +1
Spain Spain +1 (PP) +1 (PSOE) +1 (C's) +1 (VOX) +1 (JxCat) +5
Sweden Sweden +1 (MP) +1
United Kingdom United Kingdom -10 (Lab) -16 (LibDem)
-1 (Alliance Party)
-4 (Con) -1 (SF) -7 (Green)
-3 (SNP)
-1 (PC)
-1 (DUP)
-29 (Brexit Party)
-73
Total +5 -6 -11 0 -1 -7 +3 -29 MEPs
EPP S&D RE ECR GUE/NGL G/EFA ID NI

Former members[edit]

Group Name State MEP until Reason Source
S&D André Bradford  POR 18 July 2019 Death [26]
S&D Roberto Gualtieri  ITA 5 September 2019 Named Minister of Economy and Finances of Italy [27]

Elected MEPs that did not take the seat[edit]

Group Name State Reason Source
S&D Frans Timmermans  NED Remained European Commissioner for the Netherlands [32]
EPP Mariya Gabriel  BUL Remained European Commissioner for Bulgaria [33]
EPP Valdis Dombrovskis  LAT Remained European Commissioner for Latvia [34]

Working bodies[edit]

Standing committees[edit]

MEPs are divided up among 20 standing committees. Each MEP is usually member of one committee and a substitute member of another. Committees discuss legislative proposals from the Commission before the European Parliament decides on them in plenary session. The European Parliament has an equal role to the Council of the EU in the ordinary legislative procedure, which is usually used in decision-making process at the EU level.[35]

Each committee elects its chair and vice chairs to lead the work of the committee. Committee chairs are members of the Conference of Committee Chairs, which coordinates the work of all the committees.[35]

Committee Members First half of the term
Chair Vice Chairs
Committee on Foreign Affairs AFET 71 EPP David McAllister  GER ECR Witold Waszczykowski  POL
TBD
TBD
TBD
Subcommittee on Security and Defence SEDE 30 RE Nathalie Loiseau  FRA S&D Nikos Androulakis  GRE
EPP Kinga Gál  HUN
GUE/NGL Özlem Demirel  GER
EPP Lukas Mandl  AUT
Subcommittee on Human Rights DROI 30 S&D Marie Arena  BEL RE Irina Von Wiese  UK
G/EFA Hannah Neumann  GER
EPP Karoline Edtstadler  AUT
S&D Raphaël Glucksmann  FRA
Committee on Development DEVE 26 EPP Tomas Tobé  SWE G/EFA Pierrette Herzberger-Fofana  GER
S&D Norbert Neuser  GER
RE Chrysoula Zacharopoulou  FRA
G/EFA Erik Marquardt  GER
Committee on International Trade INTA 41 S&D Bernd Lange  GER ECR Jan Zahradil  CZE
EPP Iuliu Winkler  ROM
EPP Anna Michelle Asimakopoulou  GRE
RE Marie-Pierre Vedrenne  FRA
Committee on Budgets BUDG 41 ECR Johan Van Overtveldt  BEL EPP Janusz Lewandowski  POL
RE Olivier Chastel  BEL
S&D Margarida Marques  POR
EPP Niclas Herbst  GER
Committee on Budgetary Control CONT 30 EPP Monika Hohlmeier  GER S&D Isabel García Muñoz  SPA
S&D Caterina Chinnici  ITA
RE Martina Dlabajová  CZE
EPP Tamás Deutsch  HUN
Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs ECON 60 S&D Roberto Gualtieri
until 5 September 2019
 ITA EPP Luděk Niedermayer  CZE
RE Stéphanie Yon-Courtin  FRA
Irene Tinagli
from 5 September 2019
ECR Derk Jan Eppink  NED
GUE/NGL José Gusmão  POR
Committee on Employment and Social Affairs EMPL 55 ECR Lucia Ďuriš Nicholsonová  SVK S&D Vilija Blinkevičiūtė  LIT
GUE/NGL Sandra Pereira  POR
EPP Tomáš Zdechovský  CZE
G/EFA Katrin Langensiepen  GER
Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety ENVI 76 RE Pascal Canfin  FRA G/EFA Bas Eickhout  NED
S&D Seb Dance  UK
EPP Cristian Bușoi  ROM
GUE/NGL Anja Hazekamp  NED
Committee on Industry, Research and Energy ITRE 72 EPP Adina-Ioana Vălean  ROM ECR Zdzisław Krasnodębski  POL
RE Morten Petersen  DEN
S&D Patrizia Toia  ITA
S&D Lina Gálvez  SPA
Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection IMCO 45 G/EFA Petra De Sutter  BEL RE Pierre Karleskind  FRA
S&D Maria Grapini  ROM
EPP Róża Thun  POL
S&D Maria Manuel Leitão Marques  POR
Committee on Transport and Tourism TRAN 49 G/EFA Karima Delli  FRA S&D Johan Danielsson  SWE
EPP Sven Schulze  GER
S&D István Ujhelyi  HUN
RE Jan-Christoph Oetjen  GER
Committee on Regional Development REGI 43 GUE/NGL Younous Omarjee  FRA EPP Krzysztof Hetman  POL
RE Cristian Ghinea  ROM
S&D Adrian-Dragoş Benea  ROM
EPP Isabel Benjumea Benjumea  SPA
Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development AGRI 48 EPP Norbert Lins  GER G/EFA Francisco Guerreiro  POR
EPP Daniel Buda  ROM
ECR Mazaly Aguilar  SPA
RE Elsi Katainen  FIN
Committee on Fisheries PECH 28 RE Chris Davies  UK EPP Peter van Dalen  NED
RE Søren Gade  DEN
S&D Giuseppe Ferrandino  ITA
EPP Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar  POR
Committee on Culture and Education CULT 31 EPP Sabine Verheyen  GER G/EFA Romeo Franz  GER
ECR Dace Melbārde  LAT
S&D Julie Ward  UK
TBD
Committee on Legal Affairs JURI 25 RE Lucy Nethsingha  UK G/EFA Sergey Lagodinsky  GER
EPP Marion Walsmann  GER
S&D Iban García del Blanco  SPA
ECR Raffaele Stancanelli  ITA
Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs LIBE 68 S&D Juan Fernando López Aguilar  SPA RE Maite Pagazaurtundúa  SPA
S&D Pietro Bartolo  ITA
TBD
EPP Emil Radev  BUL
Committee on Constitutional Affairs AFCO 28 EPP Antonio Tajani  ITA S&D Gaby Bischoff  GER
RE Charles Goerens  LUX
S&D Giuliano Pisapia  ITA
TBD
Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality FEMM 35 S&D Evelyn Regner  AUT GUE/NGL María Eugenia Rodríguez Palop  SPA
G/EFA Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield  FRA
EPP Eliza Vozemberg  GRE
S&D Robert Biedroń  POL
Committee on Petitions PETI 35 EPP Dolors Montserrat  SPA G/EFA Tatjana Ždanoka  LAT
RE Yana Toom  EST
ECR Ryszard Czarnecki  POL
S&D Cristina Maestre  SPA
Sources:[35][36][37][38]

Other bodies[edit]

Body Members President Members
Conference of Presidents BCPR 11 S&D David Sassoli (ex-officio)  ITA President of the European Parliament
Presidents of political groups
One NI MEP, invited by the President (no voting right)
The Bureau BURO 20 S&D David Sassoli (ex-officio)  ITA President of the European Parliament
Vice Presidents of the European Parliament
Quaestors (in advisory capacity)
College of Quaestors QUE 5 / Quaestors
Conference of Committee Chairs CCC 22 EPP Antonio Tajani  ITA Chairs of all standing and temporary committees
Conference of Delegation Chairs CDC 45 Chairs of all standing interparliamentary delegations
Sources:[39][40]

Composition of the executive[edit]

Executive
Donald Tusk (cropped).jpg Ioannes Claudius Juncker die 7 Martis 2014.jpg Federica Mogherini Official.jpg
President of the European Council President of the European Commission High Representative
Donald Tusk (EPP)
of Poland Poland
from 1 December 2014
Jean-Claude Juncker (EPP)
of Luxembourg Luxembourg
from 1 November 2014
Federica Mogherini (PES)
of Italy Italy
from 1 November 2014
Parliament term:
2 July 2019 - TBA
European Council
President Poland Donald Tusk (EPP), from 1 December 2014
President-elect Belgium Charles Michel (ALDE), taking office on 1 December 2019
European Commission
Juncker Commission, from 1 November 2014
President Luxembourg Jean-Claude Juncker (EPP), from 1 November 2014
High Representative Italy Federica Mogherini (PES), from 1 November 2014
Von der Leyen Commission, taking office on 1 November 2019
President-elect Germany Ursula von der Leyen (EPP), taking office on 1 November 2019
High Representative-designate Spain Josep Borrell (PES), taking office on 1 November 2019

Appointment of the new executive[edit]

On 2 July 2019 European Council finished a three-day-long summit with a decision to propose the following for approval by the Parliament:[41]

Euroepan Parliament confirmed Ursula von Der Leyen as President of the European Commission on 16 July 2019.

On the same summit Charles Michel (ALDE), incumbent Prime Minister of Belgium was elected a new President of the European Council and President of Euro Summit for a 2.5 years term.

President of the Commission Confirmation[edit]

Secret paper ballot took place on 16 July 2019.

Candidate Votes cast Majority In favor Against Blank Source
EPP Ursula von der Leyen  GER 733 374 383 327 22 [7]

Von der Leyen Commission Confirmation[edit]

Following the election of the new President of the Commission, President-elect will call upon member states to propose candidates for European Commissioners. The President-elect, in agreement with the European Council, assigns to each proposed candidate a portfolio, and the Council sends the list of candidates to the European Parliament. Candidates are then to be questioned about their knowledge of the assigned portfolio and confirmed by European Parliament Committees. When all of the candidates are confirmed by the respective committee, European Parliament takes a vote of confirmation of the new European Commission in the plenary session. European Commission is then officially appointed by the European Council using qualified majority.[42] Commissioners will take the oath of offie before the Court of Justice of the EU before officially taking office.

Coalition Commission Votes cast Majority In favor Against Abstain Result Source
EPP Von der Leyen Commission
S&D
RE
Commissioners-designate Confirmations[edit]

The responsible committee will hold a 3-hour hearing of the Commissioner-designate to examine the candidate's competence and suitability. Committee will decide if candiadte is suitable to become a European Commissioner and if their knowledge of the portfolio is sufficient. After each hearing, the committee votes on the candidate. Decisions of the committee will first be taken by the coordinators of the EP political groups, at this point each candidate needs support of 2/3 of coordinators, if support is reached, the candidate is confirmed. If such support is not reached, then committee as a whole will take a vote on a Commissioner-designate, where a candidate needs the support of the majority of committee members. If candidate is rejected by the committee as well, President-elect can propose a new candidate, in which case a new hearing will take place for a new candidate. Coordinators can also decide to hold additional hearing of 1.5 hours or demand additional written answers. If there are more committees hearing one candidate, all committees will give a joint evaluation.

The first round of hearings will take place from 30 September until 8 October 2019, followed by the evaluation by the BCPR (Conference of Presidents) on 15 October 2019. If any of the candidates will be rejected by the responsible committee, new hearings will take place on 14 and 15 October 2019, followed by BCPR evaluation on 16 October 2019. BCPR will close hearings process on 17 October 2019.[8] Before the hearings begin, Committee on Legal Affairs will, on 19 September 2019, examine if there is a possibility of a conflict of interests for any of the candidates for commissioners.

The United Kingdom, expected to leave the EU on 31 October 2019, will not nominate a candidate for commissioner.[43] However, as there is a possibility that Brexit could be postponed again, UK would have to nominate a candidate for commissioner, President-elect Ursula von der Leyen said.[44]

It was reported by Euractiv on 26 September 2019 that commissioners-designate László Trócsányi of Hungary (Neighbourhood and Enlargement) and Rovana Plumb of Romania (Transport) will be questioned by the European Parliament Legal Affairs Committee about their declarations of interests due to potential conflict of interests and "discrepancies in property statements". Other commissioners-designate were approved by the Committee, including Didier Reynders of Belgium (Justice) and Sylvie Goulard of France (Internal Market) who are under investigation by respective national authorities due to corruption allegations or misuse of EU money, accoriding to one of the MEPs because the Committee does not have the authority to question candidates beyond facts stated in the declarations od interests. Euractiv also reports that Janusz Wojciechowski of Poland (Agriculture) might as well be questioned by the Committee.[45] Euractiv reported later that day that Rovana Plumb of Romania was rejected as a European Commissioner-designate by 10 votes to 6 (with 2 abstentions). Hungarian Commissioner-designate László Trócsányi was rejected on 26 September as well by 11 votes to 9 due to his personal finances in connection with his law firm, he founded before becoming Minister of Justice and due to concerns about "connections to Russia" in relation to extradition of Russian suspects to Russia.[46] It is up to the President-elect Ursula von der Leyen to take further decisions on candidates, while JURI approval is a necessary precondition for hearings to take place. This was the first time that candidates have been rejected by the JURI Committee.

Following the JURI Committee decision to reject László Trócsányi, he published a statement on his Twitter account later that day, stating that he will take all legal steps against the decision.[47] This could have an impact on the process of formation of the new European Commission which is due to take office on 1 November 2019.

The Legal Affairs Committee was asked to decide on both rejected candidates again and on 30 September 2019 JURI again rejected both of the candidates, Plumb with 13 votes to 7 and Trócsányi with 12 votes to 9.[48] Following the vote, President-elect Von der Leyen asked the national governments of Romania and Hungary to propose new candidates. Hungary already proposed a new candidate Oliver Varhelyi, its Permanent Representative to the EU.[49]

Accordings to several media reports hearings before the European Parliament committeess could be tough for:[50][51]

  • Janusz Wojciechowski - European Commissioner-designate for Agriculture (due to ongoing investigation by OLAF regarding irregularities in the reimbursement of travel expenses when he was MEP; it was reported on 27 September by Politico that OLAF dropped investigation because Wojciechowski already payed the money back to the Euroepan Parliament)[52][53]
  • Didier Reynders - European Commissioner-designate for Justice (due to investigation by the national authorities regarding corruption and money laundering in the Democratic Republic of Congo; it was reported by Politico on 27 September 2019 that Belgian prosecutor dropped the investigation against Reynders and found no wrongdoing)[54][55]
  • Sylvie Goulard - European Commissioner-designate for Internal Market (due to alleged misuse of EU funds)[56]
  • Paolo Gentiloni - European Commissioner-designate for Economy (due to his role in Italian economy as Prime Minister)[51]
  • Dubravka Šuica - Vice-President-designate for Democracy and Demography (due to personal finances and possession of many real estate worth more than 5 million euros in light of her work as teacher, mayor and MP, and due to her views on women's rights, especially freedom of birth and due to her past votings as MEP where she objected abortion)[57]
Schedule of the hearings[edit]
Date 9:00-12:00 14:30-17:30 18:30-21:30
30 September 2019 Maroš Šefčovič
of  Slovakia
Vice-President-designate for Inter-Institutional Relations and Foresight
Phil Hogan
of  Ireland
European Commissioner-designate for Trade
AFCO JURI PETI ITRE
INTA
Mariya Gabriel
of  Bulgaria
European Commissioner-designate for Innivation and Youth
ITRE CULT
1 October 2019 Nicolas Schmit
of  Luxembourg
European Commissioner-designate for Jobs
Janusz Wojciechowski[58]
of  Poland
European Commissioner-designate for Agriculture
HEARING NO. 1
László Trócsányi[59]
of  Hungary
European Commissioner-designate for Neighbourhood and Enlargement
NO HEARING HELD
EMPL ECON
AGRI ENVI
AFET
Jutta Urpilainen
of  Finland
European Commissioner-designate for International Partnerships
Ylva Johansson
of  Sweden
European Commissioner-designate for Home Affairs
Stella Kyriakidou
of  Cyprus
European Commissioner-designate for Health
DEVE
LIBE
ENVI AGRI
2 October 2019 Didier Reynders
of  Belgium
European Commissioner-designate for Justice
Helena Dalli
of  Malta
European Commissioner-designate for Equality
Elisa Ferreira
of  Portugal
European Commissioner-designate for Cohesion and Reforms
LIBE JURI IMCO
FEMM EMPL LIBE
REGI BUDG ECON
Rovana Plumb[60]
of  Romania
European Commissioner-designate for Transport
NO HEARING HELD
Sylvie Goulard
of  France
European Commissioner-designate for Internal Market
HEARING NO. 1
Janez Lenarčič
of  Slovenia
European Commissioner-designate for Crisis Management
TRAN ENVI
IMCO ITRE JURI CULT
DEVE ENVI
3 October 2019 Paolo Gentiloni
of  Italy
European Commissioner-designate for Economy
Virginijus Sinkevičius
of  Lithuania
European Commissioner-designate for Environment and Oceans
Margaritis Schinas
of  Greece
Vice-President-designate for Protecting our European Way of Life
ECON BUDG EMPL
PECH ENVI
LIBE CULT EMPL
Kadri Simson
of  Estonia
European Commissioner-designate for Energy
Johannes Hahn
of  Austria
European Commissioner-designate for Budget and Administration
Dubravka Šuica
of  Croatia
Vice-President-designate for Democracy and Demography
ITRE ENVI
BUDG CONT JURI
AFCO EMPL
7 October 2019 Věra Jourová
of the  Czech Republic
Vice-President-designate for Values and Transparency
AFCO LIBE JURI
Josep Borrell
of  Spain
Vice-President-designate for A Stronger Europe in the World
and
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
AFET
8 October 2019 Valdis Dombrovskis
of  Latvia
Executive Vice-President-designate for Economy that Works for People
and
European Commissioner-designate for Financial Markets
Margrethe Vestager
of  Denmark
Executive Vice-President-designate for Europe Fit for Digital Age
and
European Commissioner-designate for Competition
Frans Timmermans
of the  Netherlands
Executive Vice-President-designate for the European Green Deal
and
European Commissioner-designate for Climate Action
ECON EMPL BUDG
ITRE IMCO ECON JURI
ENVI ITRE TRAN
Janusz Wojciechowski[58]
of  Poland
European Commissioner-designate for Agriculture
HEARING NO. 2
AGRI ENVI
10 October 2019 Sylvie Goulard
of  France
European Commissioner-designate for Internal Market
HEARING NO. 2
IMCO ITRE JURI CULT
Source:[61]
  Confirmed candidate
  Candidate with additional hearing
  Rejected candidate
  Responsible Committee
  Associated Committee

Coordinators of political groups in the responsible committees decided that additional written answers will be requested by and potentially additional hearing of 1.5 hours should be held for:

  • Poland Janusz Wojciechowski of Poland, European Commissioner-designate for Agriculture (additional hearing on 8 October 2018)[62]
  • France Sylvie Goulard of France, European Commissioner-designate for Internal Market (additional hearing on 10 October 2018)[63]
  • Sweden Ylva Johansson of Sweden, European Commissioner-designate for Home Affairs
Hearings[edit]
Candidate Official
nomination
Portfolio Committee vote Refs
Date Committee In favor Against Abstain
EPP Johannes Hahn  AUT 22 July 2019 Budget and Administration 3 October 2019
14:30
BUDG Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[64]
CONT
JURI
ALDE Didier Reynders  BEL Justice 2 October 2019
9:00
LIBE Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
JURI
IMCO
EPP Mariya Gabriel  BUL 23 July 2019 Innovation and Youth 30 September 2019
18:30
CULT Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[65][66]
ITRE
EPP Dubravka Šuica  CRO 22 August 2019 (Vice-President)
Democracy and Demography
3 October 2019
18:30
AFCO Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[67][68]
EMPL
EPP Stella Kyriakidou  CYP 23 July 2019 Health 1 October 2019
18:30
ENVI Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[69][70]
AGRI
ALDE Věra Jourová  CZE 26 August 2019 (Vice-President)
Values and Transparency
7 October 2019
14:30
LIBE Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[71][72]
AFCO
JURI
ALDE Margrethe Vestager  DEN 1 August 2019 (Executive Vice-President)
Europe fit for the digital age
Competition
8 October 2019
14:30
ECON Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[73]
ITRE
IMCO
JURI
ALDE Kadri Simson  EST 22 July 2019 Energy 3 October 2019
9:00
ITRE Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[74][75]
ENVI
PES Jutta Urpilainen  FIN 22 July 2019 International Partnerships 1 October 2019
9:00
DEVE Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[76]
Ind. Sylvie Goulard  FRA Internal Market 2 October 2019
14:30
IMCO 29 82 1
ITRE
JURI
CULT
EPP Margaritis Schinas  GRE 23 July 2019 (Vice-President)
Protecting our European Way of Life
3 October 2019
18:30
LIBE Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[77][78]
CULT
EMPL
Ind. Olivér Várhelyi  HUN 1 October 2019 Neighbourhood and Enlargement AFET [79]
EPP Phil Hogan  IRL 31 July 2019 Trade 30 September 2019
18:30
INTA Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[80][81]
PES Paolo Gentiloni  ITA 6 September 2019 Economy 3 October 2019
9:00
ECON Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[82][83]
BUDG
EMPL
EPP Valdis Dombrovskis  LAT 23 July 2019 (Executive Vice-President)
An Economy that Works for People
Financial Markets
8 October 2019
9:00
ECON [84]
EMPL
BUDG
Ind. Virginijus Sinkevičius  LIT 28 August 2019 Environment and Oceans 3 October 2019
14:30
ENVI Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[85]
PECH
PES Nicolas Schmit  LUX Jobs 1 October 2019
9:00
EMPL Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
ECON
PES Helena Dalli  MLT 31 July 2019 Equality 2 October 2019
14:30
FEMM Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[86]
EMPL
LIBE
PES Frans Timmermans  NED 24 July 2019 (Executive Vice-President)
European Green Deal
Climate Action
8 October 2019
18:30
ENVI [87]
ITRE
TRAN
ACRE Janusz Wojciechowski  POL 2 September 2019 Agriculture 1 October 2019
14:30
AGRI Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[88]
ENVI
PES Elisa Ferreira  POR 26 August 2019 Cohesion and Reforms 2 October 2019
18.30
REGI Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[89]
BUDG
ECON
PES Dan Nica  ROM 7 October 2019 Transport TRAN [90]
ENVI
PES Maroš Šefčovič  SVK 19 July 2019 (Vice-President)
Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight
30 September 2019
14:30
AFCO Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[91][92]
JURI
PETI
ITRE
Ind. Janez Lenarčič  SLO 26 July 2019 Crisis Management 2 October 2019
18:30
DEVE Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[93][94]
ENVI
PES Josep Borrell  SPA High Representative of the Union
(Vice-President)
A Stronger Europe in the World
7 October 2019
14:30
AFET Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[41][95][96]
PES Ylva Johansson  SWE 8 August 2019 Home Affairs 1 October 2019
14:30
LIBE Confirmed by the Coordinators
no Committe vote
[97]
  Responsible Committee
  Associated Committee
Rejected candidates[edit]
Candidate Portfolio Date Reason
PES Rovana Plumb  ROM Transport 26 September 2019 Rejected by the JURI Committee due to discrepancies in her declarations of interests.
EPP László Trócsányi  HUN Neighbourhood and Enlargement 26 September 2019 Rejected by the JURI Committee due to his personal finances in connection with his law firm and possible connections with Russia.

Council presidency[edit]

Presidency of the
Council of the EU
Flag of Finland.svg
Finland
1 July 2019 - 31 December 2019

The Council of the European Union (Council) is one of three EU institutions involved in the EU lawmaking process. It is the de facto upper house of the EU legislature, the European Parliament being the lower house, with an equal role in the ordinary legislative procedure. The Council consists of ministerial representatives from member states' national governments. Votes are decided by qualified majority (55% of member states and 65% of EU population).

Every six months, a new EU member state takes over the presidency of the Council. As presiding country, it organises Council meetings (with the help of Secretariat General) and decides on their agendas. These agendas are prepared in cooperation with other two member states that are part of each trio, which form common policy agendas over their 18-month period.

Presidency of the Council of the European Union Parliament Commission High Representative
FAC President
European Council
Member state Trio Term Head of Government Cabinet Government coalition
 Romania T9 1 January 2019 – 30 June 2019 PES Prime Minister
Viorica Dăncilă (PSD)
Dăncilă PES PSD VIII Juncker PES Federica Mogherini EPP Donald Tusk
Ind. ALDE
 Finland 1 July 2019 – 31 December 2019 PES Prime Minister
Antti Rinne (SDP)
Rinne PES SDP
ALDE Kesk. IX
EGP VIHR
GUE Vas.
ALDE SFP Von der Leyen PES Josep Borrell
ALDE Charles Michel
 Croatia 1 January 2020 – 30 June 2020 EPP Prime Minister
Andrej Plenković (HDZ)
Plenkovič EPP HDZ
ALDE HNS
 Germany T10 1 July 2020 – 31 December 2020 TBD TBD TBD
 Portugal 1 January 2021 – 30 June 2021 TBD TBD TBD
 Slovenia 1 July 2021 – 31 December 2021 TBD TBD TBD
 France T11 1 January 2022 – 30 June 2022 TBD TBD TBD
 Czech Republic 1 July 2022 – 31 December 2022 TBD TBD TBD TBD
 Sweden 1 January 2023 – 30 June 2023 TBD TBD TBD
 Spain T12 1 July 2023 – 31 December 2023 TBD TBD TBD
 Belgium 1 January 2024 – 30 June 2024 TBD TBD TBD
 Hungary 1 July 2024 – 31 December 2024 TBD TBD TBD
X
TBD TBD

Appointments[edit]

European Parliament has role in the appointment of:[98]

Position Candidate EP Role Appointer Hearing European Parliament vote Source
Party Name Country Date Committee In favor Against Abstain Date Votes cast Majority In favor Against Abstain
President of the European Central Bank EPP Christine Lagarde  FRA Consultation European Council 4 September 2019 ECON 37 11 4 17 September 2019 649 325 349 206 49 [99][100]
Vice Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank Ind Yves Mersch  LUX Consultation Governing Council of the European Central Bank 4 September 2019 ECON 35 14 4 17 September 2019 678 340 379 230 69
Chief European Public Prosecutor Ind Laura Codruța Kövesi  ROM Appointment European Parliament
Council of the EU
[101]

Statistics[edit]

European Parliament statistics[edit]

There are 300 women MEPs, 39.9% of the whole Parliament. Kira Peter-Hansen of Denmark is the youngest MEP at 21, while Silvio Berlusconi (former Prime Minister of Italy), is the oldest at the age of 82. The average age of all MEPs is 50.[102]

435 of current MEPs is newly elected and weren't members of European Parliament before. 295 MEPs were also members of the previous Parliament. 16 of current MEPs held position before, but not between 2014 and 2019.[102]

European Union
European
Parliament
Women MEPs New MEPs Age
Youngest Average Oldest
300 / 751
435 / 751
21 50 82

Statistics by member states[edit]

Most bureau positions is held by Germany, while on the other side Slovenia is the only member state that has no bureau positions. With 5, Germany has most Committee Chairmen, followed by France with 4.

Finland (with 7 women out of 13 MEPs) and Sweden (with 11 out of 20) are the only member states with more women MEPS than men. Austria, Denmark, Latvia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Slovenia have a gender parity. Cyprus is the only member state without any women.

Slovakia has the highest percent of newly elected MEPs at 85%, while Malta only has 33% of newly elected MEPs.[102]

With 60 years of age Lithuania has the oldest national delegation, while Malta has the youngest at 44. Sweden has the youngest "oldest" MEP at the age of 58 and Lithuania has the oldest "youngest" MEP at the age of 54.[102]

Member state Positions Women MEPs New MEPs Age
EP Bureau Committees' bureaus Groups' bureaus Youngest Average Oldest
Austria Austria
1 / 20
3 / 110
0 / 55
9 / 18
12 / 18
27 47 61
Belgium Belgium
0 / 20
4 / 110
3 / 55
7 / 21
11 / 21
34 52 68
Bulgaria Bulgaria
0 / 20
1 / 110
2 / 55
5 / 17
8 / 17
30 45 67
Croatia Croatia
0 / 20
0 / 110
2 / 55
4 / 11
6 / 11
28 47 62
Cyprus Cyprus
0 / 20
0 / 110
1 / 55
0 / 6
3 / 6
49 55 59
Czech Republic Czech Republic
2 / 20
4 / 110
0 / 55
7 / 21
11 / 21
26 46 66
Denmark Denmark
0 / 20
2 / 110
1 / 55
6 / 12
8 / 12
21 46 74
Estonia Estonia
0 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
2 / 6
3 / 6
28 48 62
Finland Finland
1 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
7 / 13
6 / 13
40 55 73
France France
2 / 20
10 / 110
6 / 55
35 / 74
51 / 74
23 50 72
Germany Germany
3 / 20
17 / 110
6 / 55
35 / 96
50 / 96
26 49 78
Greece Greece
1 / 20
3 / 110
1 / 55
5 / 21
11 / 21
33 52 67
Hungary Hungary
2 / 20
3 / 110
1 / 55
8 / 21
8 / 21
30 46 66
Republic of Ireland Ireland
1 / 20
0 / 110
1 / 55
5 / 11
7 / 11
32 54 68
Italy Italy
2 / 20
8 / 110
3 / 55
30 / 73
41 / 73
30 49 82
Latvia Latvia
0 / 20
2 / 110
1 / 55
4 / 8
4 / 8
43 57 69
Lithuania Lithuania
0 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
3 / 11
6 / 11
54 60 65
Luxembourg Luxembourg
0 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
3 / 6
3 / 6
35 52 67
Malta Malta
1 / 20
0 / 110
1 / 55
2 / 6
2 / 6
29 44 71
Netherlands Netherlands
0 / 20
4 / 110
5 / 55
13 / 26
12 / 26
29 46 66
Poland Poland
2 / 20
7 / 110
2 / 55
18 / 51
31 / 51
34 56 79
PortugalPortugal
1 / 20
5 / 110
1 / 55
10 / 21
12 / 21
27 49 66
Romania Romania
0 / 20
7 / 110
3 / 55
7 / 32
22 / 32
66 49 67
Slovakia Slovakia
1 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
2 / 13
11 / 13
34 49 65
Slovenia Slovenia
0 / 20
0 / 110
0 / 55
4 / 8
3 / 8
30 50 59
Spain Spain
0 / 20
11 / 110
6 / 55
24 / 54
32 / 54
25 74
Sweden Sweden
0 / 20
2 / 110
3 / 55
11 / 20
16 / 20
32 45 58
United Kingdom United Kingdom
0 / 20
5 / 110
5 / 55
34 / 73
48 / 73
29 53 77
Source:[102]

Statistics by political groups[edit]

EPP holds most bureau positions as the biggest political group. All other political groups have declared a cordon sanitaire on Identity and Democracy, keeping it from holding any bureau positions.

Identity and Democracy has the highest percent of newly elected MEPs with 81%, while the EPP has the highest percent of returning MEPs at 59%.[102]

Group Positions Women MEPs New MEPs
EP Bureau Committees' bureaus
EPP
7 / 20
29 / 110
62 / 182
74 / 182
S&D
5 / 20
28 / 110
67 / 152
78 / 152
RE
3 / 20
19 / 110
49 / 108
75 / 108
G/EFA
2 / 20
12 / 110
39 / 74
51 / 74
ID
0 / 20
0 / 110
38 / 73
59 / 73
ECR
1 / 20
10 / 110
20 / 62
36 / 62
GUE/NGL
1 / 20
6 / 110
18 / 41
24 / 41
NI
1 / 20
0 / 110
17 / 54
39 / 54
Source:[102]

Delegations[edit]

Delegations are established to maintain and develop relations with entities the European Parliament has an interest to cooperate with. Among these are countries that EU has close (especially trade) relations or countries applying expected to join the EU. The EP also cooperates with the parliamentary bodies of other international organisations, such as NATO.[103] Delegations have full and substitute members, and elects its own chair.[103] They can be divided in two groups, standing delegations and ad hoc delegations.[103]

Delegations to parliamentary assemblies[edit]

Delegation Chair
Delegation for relations with the NATO Parliamentary Assembly DNAT EPP Kris Peeters  BEL
Delegation to the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly DACP S&D Carlos Zorrinho  POR
Delegation to the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly DLAT
Delegation to the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly DEPA EPP Andrius Kubilius  LIT
Delegation to the Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly DMED
Source:[104]

Joint Parliamentary Committees (JPCs)[edit]

JPCs are created with bilateral agreement between the EU and the third country.[105]

Delegation Chair
Delegation for Northern cooperation and for relations with Switzerland and Norway and to the EU-Iceland Joint Parliamentary Committee and the European Economic Area (EEA) Joint Parliamentary Committee DEEA EPP Andreas Schwab  GER
Delegation for relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo DSEE G/EFA Romeo Franz  GER
Delegation for relations with the Maghreb countries and the Arab Maghreb Union, including the EU-Morocco, EU-Tunisia and EU-Algeria Joint Parliamentary Committees DMAG S&D Andrea Cozzolino  ITA
Delegation to the CARIFORUM-EU Parliamentary Committee DCAR
Delegation to the EU-Albania Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee D-AL EPP Manolis Kefalogiannis  GRE
Delegation to the EU-Armenia Parliamentary Partnership Committee, the EU-Azerbaijan Parliamentary Cooperation Committee and the EU-Georgia Parliamentary Association Committee DSCA S&D Marina Kaljurand  EST
Delegation to the EU-Chile Joint Parliamentary Committee D-CL
Delegation to the EU-Mexico Joint Parliamentary Committee D-MX
Delegation to the EU-Moldova Parliamentary Association Committee D-MD EPP Siegfried Mureșan  ROM
Delegation to the EU-Montenegro Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee D-ME EPP Vladimír Bilčík  SVK
Delegation to the EU-North Macedonia Joint Parliamentary Committee D-MK S&D Andreas Schieder  AUT
Delegation to the EU-Serbia Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee D-RS S&D Tanja Fajon  SLO
Delegation to the EU-Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee D-TR G/EFA Sergey Lagodinsky  GER
Delegation to the EU-Ukraine Parliamentary Association Committee D-UA ECR Witold Waszczykowski  POL
Source:[106]

Parliamentary Cooperations Committees (PCCs)[edit]

Delegation Chair
Delegation to the EU-Armenia Parliamentary Partnership Committee, the EU-Azerbaijan Parliamentary Cooperation Committee and the EU-Georgia Parliamentary Association Committee DSCA
Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan, EU-Uzbekistan and EU-Tajikistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees and for relations with Turkmenistan and Mongolia DCAS EPP Fulvio Martusciello  ITA
Delegation to the EU-Russia Parliamentary Cooperation Committee D-RU ECR Ryszard Czarnecki  POL
Source:[107]

Bilateral and multilateral relations delegations[edit]

Delegation Chair
Delegation for relations with Afghanistan D-AF RE Petras Auštrevičius  LIT
Delegation for relations with Australia and New Zealand DANZ RE Ulrike Müller  GER
Delegation for relations with Belarus D-BY S&D Robert Biedroń  POL
Delegation for relations with Canada D-CA RE Stéphanie Yon-Courtin  FRA
Delegation for relations with India D-IN RE Dinesh Dhamija  UK
Delegation for relations with Iran D-IR GUE/NGL Cornelia Ernst  GER
Delegation for relations with Iraq D-IQ EPP Sara Skyttedal  SWE
Delegation for relations with Israel D-IL EPP Antonio López-Istúriz White  SPA
Delegation for relations with Japan D-JP S&D Neena Gill  UK
Delegation for relations with Mercosur DMER RE Stéphane Séjourné  FRA
Delegation for relations with Palestine DPAL GUE/NGL Manu Pineda  SPA
Delegation for relations with South Africa D-ZA EPP Magdalena Adamowicz  POL
Delegation for relations with the Arabian Peninsula DARP G/EFA Hannah Neumann  GER
Delegation for relations with the countries of Central America DCAM G/EFA Tilly Metz  LUX
Delegation for relations with the countries of South Asia DSAS ECR Nosheena Mobarik  UK
Delegation for relations with the countries of Southeast Asia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) DASE
Delegation for relations with the countries of the Andean Community DAND EPP Pilar del Castillo  SPA
Delegation for relations with Brazil D-BR EPP Jose Manuel Fernandes  POR
Delegation for relations with the Korean Peninsula DKOR
Delegation for relations with the Mashriq countries DMAS S&D Isabel Santos  POR
Delegation for relations with the Pan-African Parliament DPAP
Delegation for relations with the People's Republic of China D-CN G/EFA Reinhard Bütikofer  GER
Delegation for relations with the United States D-US
Source:[108]

Secretariat[edit]

The composition of the rest of Secretariat is appointed by the Parliament Bureau, headed by the Secretary General.

Other services that assist the Secretariat:

  • Secretariat of the Bureau and Quaestors
  • Secretariat of the Conference of Presidents
  • Directorate for Relations with Political Groups
  • Internal Audit Unit
  • Eco-Management and Audit Scheme Unit (EMAS)
  • Management Team Support Office
  • Business Continuity Management Unit
  • Data Protection Service

Directorates General[edit]

Directorate General Director General
Directorate Generale for the Presidency DG PRES Germany Markus Winkler
Directorate General for Internal Policies of the Union DG IPOL Italy Riccardo Ribera d'Alcalá
Directorate General for External Policies of the Union DG EXPO Italy Pietro Ducci
Directorate General for Communication DG COMM Spain Jaume Duch Guillot
Directorate General for Parliamentary Research Services DG EPRS United Kingdom Anthony Teasdale
Directorate General for Personnel DG PERS Denmark Kristian Knudsen
Directorate General for Infrastructure and Logistics DG INLO Finland Leena Maria Linnus
Directorate General for Translation DG TRAD Slovenia Valter Mavrič
Directorate General for Logistics and Interpretation for Conferences DG LINC Poland Agnieszka Walter-Drop
Directorate General for Finance DG FINS France Didier Klethi
Directorate General for Innovation and Technological Support DG ITEC Belgium Walter Petrucci (Acting)
Directorate General for Security DG SAFE Italy Elio Carozza

2019 elections results[edit]

The 2019 European Parliament election took place from 23 to 26 May 2019.

2019 results by political group[109]
Group (2019–24) Seats 2019 Outgoing
seats
EPP European People's Party (Christian democrats and liberal conservatives) 182 216 Decrease −34
S&D Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (Social democrats) 154 185 Decrease −31
RE Renew Europe (Social liberals and conservative liberals) 108 69 Increase +39
Greens/EFA Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens and regionalists) 74 52 Increase +22
ID Identity and Democracy (Right-wing populists and nationalists) 73 36 Increase +37
ECR European Conservatives and Reformists (National conservatives and sovereignists) 62 77 Decrease −15
GUE/NGL European United Left–Nordic Green Left (Democratic socialists and communists) 41 52 Decrease −11
NI Non-attached 57 20 Increase +37
EFDD Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (Populists and hard eurosceptics) 42 Decrease −42
Vacant N/A 0 2 N/A
Total 751 751 Steady
Notes on changes in groups

Results by country[edit]

State Political groups MEPs
EPP
(EPP, ECPM)
S&D
(PES)
RE
(ALDE, EDP)
ECR
(AECR, ECPM)
GUE/NGL
(EL, NGLA, EACL)
G/EFA
(EGP, EFA)
ID
(EAPN)
NI
Austria Austria 7 (ÖVP) +2 5 (SPÖ) = 1 (NEOS) = 2 (Grüne) −1 3 (FPÖ) −1 18
Belgium Belgium 2 (CD&V)
1 (CDH)
1 (CSP)
=
=
=
2 (PS)
1 (SP.A)
−1
=
2 (Open VLD)
2 (MR)
−1
−1
3 (N-VA) −1 1 (PTB) +1 2 (ECOLO)
1 (Groen)
+1
=
3 (VB) +2 21
Bulgaria Bulgaria 6 (GERB)
1 (DSB)
=
+1
5 (BSP) +1 3 (DPS) −1 2 (IMRO) +1 17
Croatia Croatia 4 (HDZ) −1 3 (SDP) +1 1 (AMS/IDS) −1 1 (HKS) = 1 (Human Shield)
1 (Kolakušić)
+1 11
Cyprus Cyprus 2 (DISY) = 1 (EDEK)
1 (DIKO)
=
=
2 (AKEL) = 6
Czech Republic Czech Republic 2+1 (TOP 09+STAN)
2 (KDU–ČSL)
−1
−1
6 (ANO) +2 4 (ODS) +2 1 (KSČM) −2 3 (Piráti) +3 2 (SPD) +2 21
Denmark Denmark 1 (C) = 3 (S) = 3 (V)
2 (B)
+1
+1
1 (RG) +1 2 (SF) +1 1 (O) −3 13
France France 7 (LR)
1 (LC)
−12 2 (PS)
2 (PP)
1 (ND)
−8 10 (LREM)
5 (MoDem)
1 (MR)
1 (Agir)
4 (Ind.)
+21 5 (FI)
1 (GRS)
+6 8 (EELV)
2 (AEI)
1 (PNC)
1 (Ind.)
+6 20 (RN)
2 (Ind.)
−2 74
Estonia Estonia 2 (SDE) +1 2 (RE)
1 (KE)
=
=
1 (EKRE) +1 6
Finland Finland 3 (Kok.) = 2 (SDP) = 2 (Kesk.)
1 (SFP)
−1
=
1 (Vas.) = 2 (VIHR) +1 2 (PS) = 13
Germany Germany 23 (CDU)
6 (CSU)
−5
+1
16 (SPD) −11 5 (FDP)
2 (FW)
+2
+1
1 (Familie) = 5 (Linke)
1 (Tierschutz)
−2
=
21 (B’90/Grüne)
1 (ÖDP)
1 (Piraten)
1 (Volt Europa)
1 (Die Partei)
+10
=
=
+1
+1
11 (AfD) +4 1 (Die Partei) = 96
Greece Greece 8 (ND) +3 2 (KINAL) = 1 (Greek Solution)[111] +1 6 (SYRIZA) = 2 (KKE)
2 (XA)
=
=
21
Hungary Hungary 12+1 (Fidesz+KDNP) +1 1 (MSZP)
4 (DK)
−1
+2
2 (MoMo) +2 1 (Jobbik) −2 21
Republic of Ireland Ireland 4 (FG) = 1 (FF) = 2 (I4C)
1 (SF)
1 (Flanagan)
+2
−2
=
2 (GP) +2 11
Italy Italy 6 (FI)
1 (SVP)
−7
=
19 (PD) −12 5 (FdI) +5 28 (Lega) +23 14 (M5S) −3 73
Latvia Latvia 2 (JV) −2 2 (Saskaņa SDP) +1 1 (AP!) +1 2 (NA) +1 1 (LKS) = 8
Lithuania Lithuania 3 (TS–LKD)
1 (Maldeikienė)
+1
+1
2 (LSDP) = 1 (DP)
1 (LRLS)
=
−1
1 (LLRA) = 2 (LVŽS) +1 11
Luxembourg Luxembourg 2 (CSV) −1 1 (LSAP) = 2 (DP) +1 1 (Gréng) = 6
Malta Malta 2 (PN) −1 4 (PL) +1 6
Netherlands Netherlands 4 (CDA)
1 (50+)
1 (CU)
−1
+1
+1
6 (PvdA) +3 2 (D66)
4 (VVD)
−2
+1
3 (FvD)
1 (SGP)
=
+1
1 (PvdD) = 3 (GL) +1 26
Poland Poland 14 (PO)
3 (PSL)
−5
−1
5 (SLD)
3 (WIOSNA)
=
+3
25 (PiS)
1 (SP)
+6
+1
51
Portugal Portugal 6 (PSD)
1 (CDS–PP)
=
=
9 (PS) +1 2 (CDU: PCP)
2 (BE)
−1
+1
1 (PAN) +1 21
Romania Romania 10 (PNL)
2 (UDMR)
2 (PMP)
−1
=
=
8 (PSD)
2 (PRO Romania)
−8
+2
8 (USRPLUS) +8 32
Slovakia Slovakia 2 (SPOLU)
1 (KDH)
1 (OĽaNO)
+2
−1
=
3 (Smer–SD) −1 2 (PS) +2 2 (SaS) +1 2 (ĽSNS) +2 13
Slovenia Slovenia 2+1 (SDS+SLS)
1 (NSi)
−1
=
2 (SD) +1 2 (LMS) +2 8
Spain Spain 12 (PP) −4 20 (PSOE) +6 7 (C's)
1 (CEUS/EAJ/PNV)
+1
=
3 (VOX) +3 2 (UP/Podemos)
2 (UP/IU)
1 (UP/Ind.)
1 (AR/EH Bildu)
−5 2 (AR/ERC)
1 (UP/ICV)
= 2 (JuntsxCat) +2 54
Sweden Sweden 4 (M)
2 (KD)
+1
+1
5 (S) = 2 (C)
1 (L)
+1
−1
3 (SD) +1 1 (V) = 2 (MP) −2 20
United Kingdom United Kingdom 10 (Lab) −10 16 (LibDem)
1 (Alliance Party)
+15
+1
4 (Con) −15 1 (SF) = 7 (Green)
3 (SNP)
1 (PC)
+4
+1
=
29 (Brexit Party)
1 (DUP)
+29

=

73
Total MEPs
EPP S&D RE ECR GUE/NGL G/EFA ID NI
182 (24.2%) −39 154 (20.5%) −37 108 (14.4%) +41 62 (8.2%) −8 41 (5.5%) −11 75 (10.0%) +25 73 (9.7%) +73 57 (7.5%) −36 751

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Treaty of Rome and the Treaty of Maastricht as amended by the Treaty of Lisbon and all preceding amending treaties.

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External websites[edit]