Ninth European Parliament

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9th European Parliament
2 July 2019 – TBA
The logo of the European Parliament
President (1st ½)David Sassoli (S&D),  ITA
President (2nd ½)TBD
Vice-PresidentsMairead McGuinness (EPP),  IRL
Rainer Wieland (EPP),  GER
Othmar Karas (EPP),  AUT
Ewa Kopacz (EPP),  POL
Lívia Járóka (EPP),  HUN
Pedro Silva Pereira (S&D),  POR
Katarina Barley (S&D),  GER
Klara Dobrev (S&D),  HUN
Dita Charanzová (RE),  CZE
Nicola Beer (RE),  GER
Heidi Hautala (G/EFA),  FIN
Marcel Kolaja (G/EFA),  CZE
Dimitrios Papadimoulis (GUE/NGL),  GRE
Fabio Massimo Castaldo (NI),  ITA
CommissionTBD
Political groups     EPP (182)
     S&D (154)
     RE (108)
     Greens/EFA (75)
     ID (73)
     ECR (62)
     GUE-NGL (41)
     NI (57)
MEPs751 (705 after and if UK leaves EU)
ElectionsMay 2019 (Union)
Governing treatyTreaty on European Union
Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union[nb 1]
Websitehttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/portal/en
751 MEPs Composition (11 July 2019)

The ninth European Parliament was elected in the 2019 elections and is to last until the 2024 elections.

Major events[edit]

Constitutive session in Strasbourg on 2 July 2019
  • 2 July 2019 at 10:00 a.m.[2]
    • First Session (constitutive session) of the 9th Parliament.
  • 3 July 2019
    • Election of President and Vice-Presidents of Parliament[3]
  • 4 July 2019
    • Election of the Quaestors of Parliament
  • 16 July 2019 at 6:00 p.m.[5]
  • Third week of October (TBD)
  • 31 October 2019
    • Scheduled date for the United Kingdom to withdraw from the European Union, subsequently resulting in a reduction in the number of seats in the European Parliament from 751 to 705.
705 MEPs Composition, to begin upon departure of the United Kingdom
President of the European Parliament
David-Maria Sassoli
President
David Sassoli (S&D),
from 3 July 2019

Leadership[edit]

President S&D David Sassoli  ITA EP bureau positions mapped.png
Vice-President EPP Mairead McGuinness  IRL
EPP Rainer Wieland  GER
EPP Othmar Karas  AUT
EPP Ewa Kopacz  POL
EPP Lívia Járóka  HUN
S&D Pedro Silva Pereira  POR
S&D Katarina Barley  GER
S&D Klára Dobrev  HUN
RE Dita Charanzová  CZE
RE Nicola Beer  GER
G/EFA Heidi Hautala  FIN
G/EFA Marcel Kolaja  CZE
GUE/NGL Dimitrios Papadimoulis  GRE
NI Fabio Massimo Castaldo  ITA
Quaestors EPP Anne Sander  FRA
EPP David Casa  MLT
S&D Monika Beňová  SVK
RE Gilles Boyer  FRA
ECR Karol Karski  POL

Elections of the President[edit]

3 July 2019 election[edit]

The President was due to be elected at the first meeting of Parliament on 2 July but the vote was delayed until 3 July because of the European Council's ongoing negotiations to fill other major EU roles. Nominations for candidates remained open until late in the evening on 2 July.[3] The President is elected with the majority of valid votes.

Candidate Group Ballots
1st Ballot 2nd Ballot
David Sassoli  ITA S&D 325 345
Jan Zahradil  CZE ECR 162 160
Ska Keller  GER G/EFA 133 119
Sira Rego  SPA GUE/NGL 42 43
Votes cast 662 667
Votes needed for election 332 334
Blank or void 73 37
Voted 735 704
Source: European Parliament News

Elections of the Vice-Presidents[edit]

The 14 Vice-Presidents are elected in a single ballot by an absolute majority of votes cast. If the number of successful candidates is less than 14, a second vote is held to assign the remaining seats under the same conditions. If a third vote is necessary, a simple majority is sufficient to fill the remaining seats. Vice-Presidents take precedence in the order in which they are elected and, in the event of a tie, by age. At each round MEPs may vote for up to as many candidates as the number of seats available at that round, but they have to vote for more than half of the positions to be filled.[7]

3 July 2019 election[edit]

Candidate Group Ballots Electronic
1st Ballot 2nd Ballot 3rd Round
Mairead McGuinness  IRL EPP 618
Pedro Silva Pereira  POR S&D 556
Rainer Wieland  GER EPP 516
Katarina Barley  GER S&D 516
Othmar Karas  AUT EPP 477
Ewa Kopacz  POL EPP 461
Klara Dobrev  HUN S&D 402
Dita Charanzová  CZE RE 395
Nicola Beer  GER RE 363
Lívia Járóka  HUN EPP 349
Heidi Hautala  FIN G/EFA 336
Marcel Kolaja  CZE G/EFA 237 426
Dimitrios Papadimoulis  GRE GUE/NGL 303 401
Fabio Massimo Castaldo  ITA NI 143 284 248
Zdzisław Krasnodębski  POL ECR 169 261 85
Mara Bizzotto  ITA ID 130 142 17
Laura Huhtasaari  FIN ID 135 withdrew
Votes cast 661 663 350
Votes needed for election 331 332 175
Blank or void 41 16 61
Voted 702 679 411
Source: European Parliament News

Elections of the Quaestors[edit]

4 July 2019 election[edit]

The five Quaestors were chosen by acclamation.

Candidate Group Votes
Anne Sander  FRA EPP 407
Monika Beňová  SVK S&D 391
David Casa  MLT EPP 391
Gilles Boyer  FRA RE 317
Karol Karski  POL ECR 261
Source: European Parliament News

Political groups leadership[edit]

Political group Chairpeople Deputy Chairpeople
EPP

[8]

Group of the European People's Party Manfred Weber  GER Dubravka Šuica  CRO
Esteban González Pons  SPA
Ewa Kopacz  POL
Siegfried Mureșan  ROU
Mairead McGuinness  IRL
Esther de Lange  NED
Arnaud Danjean  FRA
Andrey Kovatchev  BUL
Vangelis Meimarakis  GRE
Paulo Rangel  POR
S&D

[9]

Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament Iratxe García Pérez  SPA Éric Andrieu  FRA
Biljana Borzan  CRO
Miriam Dalli  MLT
Heléne Fritzon  SWE
Roberto Gualtieri  ITA
Bernd Lange  GER
Claude Moraes  UK
Kati Piri  NED
Rovana Plumb  ROU
RE

[10]

Renew Europe Dacian Cioloș  ROU Malik Azmani  NED
Katalin Cseh  HUN
Luis Garicano  SPA
Martin Horwood  UK
Morten Løkkegaard  DEN
Iskra Mihaylova  BUL
Frédérique Ries  BEL
Dominique Riquet  FRA
G/EFA

[11]

Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance Ska Keller  GER Alice Bah Kuhnke  SWE
Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield  FRA
Bas Eickhout  NED
Terry Reintke  GER
Philippe Lamberts  BEL
Molly Scott Cato  UK
Alyn Smith  UK
Ernest Urtasun  SPA
ID

[12]

Identity and Democracy Marco Zanni  ITA Nicolas Bay  FRA
Jörg Meuthen  GER
ECR

[13]

European Conservatives and Reformists Raffaele Fitto  ITA Roberts Zīle  LAT
Assita Kanko  BEL
Peter Lundgren  SWE
Ryszard Legutko  POL Daniel Hannan  UK
Derk Jan Eppink  NED
Hermann Tertsch  SPA
GUE/NGL

[14]

Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left Manon Aubry  FRA João Ferreira  POR
Marisa Matias  POR
Martin Schirdewan  GER Sira Rego  SPA
Nikolaj Villumsen  DEN

Political groups and parties[edit]

There are currently 7 politicial groups in the parliament, which is 1 less than in the previous parliament. Political group can be founded by at least 25 MEPs which come from at least one quarter of all EU member states (currently 7).[2]

Political group Members
MEPs Post-Brexit
EPP

[15]

Group of the European People's Party
- European People's Party
182 / 751
Increase 5
S&D

[16]

Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament
- Party of European Socialists
153 / 751
Decrease 6
RE

[17]

Renew Europe
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
- European Democratic Party
108 / 751
Decrease 11
G/EFA

[18]

Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance
- European Green Party
- European Free Alliance
- European Pirate Party
- Volt Europa
74 / 751
Decrease 7
ID

[12]

Identity and Democracy
- Identity and Democracy Party
- European Alliance of People and Nations
73 / 751
Increase 3
ECR

[19]

European Conservatives and Reformists
- Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe
- European Christian Political Movement
62 / 751
Steady 0
GUE/NGL

[20]

Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left
- Party of the European Left
- Nordic Green Left Alliance
- Now the People!
- Animal Politics EU
41 / 751
Decrease 1
NI

[21]

Non-inscrits and others
- including Brexit Party, DUP, Five Star Movement, Jobbik, Golden Dawn, KKE, Živi zid, Die Partei and Kotleba
54 / 751
Decrease 29
Vacant[22][23] 4 Decrease 46
Source for MEPs: Seats by Member State

Members[edit]

List of members[edit]

MEPs that previously served as President or Prime Minister:

MEPs that previously served as European Commissioner:

  • Estonia Andrus Ansip, former Vice-President of the European Commission for Digital Single Market
  • Romania Dacian Cioloș, former European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development
  • Romania Corina Crețu, former European Commissioner for Regional Policy
  • Poland Danuta Hübner, former European Commissioner for Regional Policy and for Trade
  • Latvia Sandra Kalniete, former European Commissioner for Agriculture and Fisheries
  • Poland Janusz Lewandowski, former European Commissioner for Financial Programming and the Budget
  • Italy Antonio Tajani, former European Commissioner for Industry and Entrepreneurship and for Transport

MEPs that previously served as President of a national parliament:

MEPs that previously served as Foreign minister:

Member state seats allocations[edit]

Pre-Brexit allocation[edit]

As of the end of May 2019, the United Kingdom was still an EU member state. As such, it took part in the 2019 election and returned 73 MEPs as shown below.

State Seats State Seats State Seats State Seats
 Germany 96  Netherlands 26  Austria 18  Lithuania 11
 France 74  Belgium 21  Bulgaria 17  Latvia 8
 Italy 73  Czech Republic 21  Denmark 13  Slovenia 8
 United Kingdom 73  Greece 21  Finland 13  Cyprus 6
 Spain 54  Hungary 21  Slovakia 13  Estonia 6
 Poland 51  Portugal 21  Croatia 11  Luxembourg 6
 Romania 32  Sweden 20  Ireland 11  Malta 6
[24] Total 751

Potential post-Brexit allocation[edit]

If or when the United Kingdom leaves the EU, 27 of the seats will be reallocated to the other 27 EU member states as shown below and the other 46 seats will be abolished, resulting in a total of 705 MEPs.[25]

State Seats State Seats State Seats State Seats
 Germany 96 Steady 0  Belgium 21 Steady 0  Bulgaria 17 Steady 0  Latvia 8 Steady 0
 France 79 Increase 5  Czech Republic 21 Steady 0  Denmark 14 Increase 1  Slovenia 8 Steady 0
 Italy 76 Increase 3  Greece 21 Steady 0  Finland 14 Increase 1  Estonia 7 Increase 1
 Spain 59 Increase 5  Hungary 21 Steady 0  Slovakia 14 Increase 1  Cyprus 6 Steady 0
 Poland 52 Increase 1  Portugal 21 Steady 0  Ireland 13 Increase 2  Luxembourg 6 Steady 0
 Romania 33 Increase 1  Sweden 21 Increase 1  Croatia 12 Increase 1  Malta 6 Steady 0
 Netherlands 29 Increase 3  Austria 19 Increase 1  Lithuania 11 Steady 0  United Kingdom 0 Decrease 73
[26][27] Total 705

Post-Brexit political groups membership changes[edit]

State Political groups MEPs
EPP
(EPP)
S&D
(PES)
RE
(ALDE, EDP)
ECR
(AECR, ECPM)
GUE/NGL
(EL, NGLA, EACL)
G/EFA
(EGP, EFA)
ID
(EAPN)
NI
Austria Austria +1 (Grüne) +1
Croatia Croatia +1 (SDP) +1
Denmark Denmark +1 (V) +1
France France +1 (PS) +2 (LREM) +1 (EELV) +1 (RN) +5
Estonia Estonia +1 (ISAMAA) +1
Finland Finland +1 (VIHR) +1
Republic of Ireland Ireland +1 (FG) +1 (FF) +2
Italy Italy +1 (FI) +1 (FdI) +1 (LN) +3
Netherlands Netherlands +1(VVD) +1 (FvD) +1 (PVV) +3
Poland Poland +1 (PiS) +1
Romania Romania +1 (PSD) +1
Slovakia Slovakia +1 (KDH) +1
Spain Spain +1 (PP) +1 (PSOE) +1 (C's) +1 (VOX) +1 (JxCat) +5
Sweden Sweden +1 (MP) +1
United Kingdom UnitedKingdom -10 (Lab) -16 (LibDem)
-1 (Alliance Party)
-4 (Con) -1 (SF) -7 (Green)
-3 (SNP)
-1 (PC)
-1 (DUP)
-29 (Brexit Party)
-73
Total +5 -6 -11 0 -1 -7 +3 -29 MEPs
EPP S&D RE ECR GUE/NGL G/EFA ID NI

Working bodies[edit]

Standing committees[edit]

MEPs are divided up among 20 standing committees which are specialised for a certain field. Each MEP is usually member of one committee and a substitute member of another. Committees discuss legislative proposals from the Commission before the European Parliament decides on them in plenary session. The European Parliament has an equal role to the Council of the EU in the ordinary legislative procedure, which is usually used in decision-making process at the EU level.[28]

Each committee elects its chair and vice-chairs which then lead the work of the committee. Committees normally meet in Brussels. Committee chairs are members of the Conference of Committee chairs which coordinates the work of all the committees.[28]

Committee Members First half of the term
Chair Vice-Chairs
Committee on Foreign Affairs AFET 71 EPP David McAllister  GER ECR Witold Waszczykowski  POL
TBE
TBE
TBE
Subcommittee on Security and Defence SEDE 30 RE Nathalie Loiseau  FRA S&D Nikos Androulakis  GRE
EPP Kinga Gál  HUN
GUE/NGL Özlem Demirel  GER
EPP Lukas Mandl  AUT
Subcommittee on Human Rights DROI 30 S&D Marie Arena  BEL RE Irina Von Wiese  UK
G/EFA Hannah Neumann  GER
EPP Karoline Edtstadler  AUT
S&D Raphaël Glucksmann  FRA
Committee on Development DEVE 26 EPP Tomas Tobé  SWE G/EFA Pierrette Herzberger-Fofana  GER
S&D Norbert Neuser  GER
RE Chrysoula Zacharopoulou  FRA
G/EFA Erik Marquardt  GER
Committee on International Trade INTA 41 S&D Bernd Lange  GER ECR Jan Zahradil  CZE
EPP Iuliu Winkler  ROM
EPP Anna Michelle Asimakopoulou  GRE
RE Marie-Pierre Vedrenne  FRA
Committee on Budgets BUDG 41 ECR Johan Van Overtveldt  BEL EPP Janusz Lewandowski  POL
RE Olivier Chastel  BEL
S&D Margarida Marques  POR
EPP Niclas Herbst  GER
Committee on Budgetary Control CONT 30 EPP Monika Hohlmeier  GER S&D Isabel García Muñoz  SPA
S&D Caterina Chinnici  ITA
RE Martina Dlabajová  CZE
EPP Tamás Deutsch  HUN
Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs ECON 60 S&D Roberto Gualtieri  ITA EPP Luděk Niedermayer  CZE
RE Stéphanie Yon-Courtin  FRA
ECR Derk Jan Eppink  NED
GUE/NGL José Gusmão  POR
Committee on Employment and Social Affairs EMPL 55 ECR Lucia Ďuriš Nicholsonová  SVK S&D Vilija Blinkevičiūtė  LIT
GUE/NGL Sandra Pereira  POR
EPP Tomáš Zdechovský  CZE
G/EFA Katrin Langensiepen  GER
Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety ENVI 76 RE Pascal Canfin  FRA G/EFA Bas Eickhout  NED
S&D Seb Dance  UK
EPP Cristian Bușoi  ROM
GUE/NGL Anja Hazekamp  NED
Committee on Industry, Research and Energy ITRE 72 EPP Adina-Ioana Vălean  ROM ECR Zdzisław Krasnodębski  POL
RE Morten Petersen  DEN
S&D Patrizia Toia  ITA
S&D Lina Gálvez  SPA
Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection IMCO 45 G/EFA Petra De Sutter  BEL RE Pierre Karleskind  FRA
S&D Maria Grapini  ROM
EPP Róża Thun  POL
S&D Maria Manuel Leitão Marques  POR
Committee on Transport and Tourism TRAN 49 G/EFA Karima Delli  FRA S&D Johan Danielsson  SWE
EPP Sven Schulze  GER
S&D István Ujhelyi  HUN
RE Jan-Christoph Oetjen  GER
Committee on Regional Development REGI 43 GUE/NGL Younous Omarjee  FRA EPP Krzysztof Hetman  POL
TBE
TBE
TBE
Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development AGRI 48 EPP Norbert Lins  GER G/EFA Francisco Guerreiro  POR
EPP Daniel Buda  ROM
TBE
TBE
Committee on Fisheries PECH 28 RE Chris Davies  UK EPP Peter van Dalen  NED
RE Søren Gade  DEN
S&D Giuseppe Ferrandino  ITA
EPP Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar  POR
Committee on Culture and Education CULT 31 EPP Sabine Verheyen  GER G/EFA Romeo Franz  GER
ECR Dace Melbārde  LAT
TBE
TBE
Committee on Legal Affairs JURI 25 RE Lucy Nethsingha  UK G/EFA Sergey Lagodinsky  GER
EPP Marion Walsmann  GER
S&D Iban García del Blanco  SPA
ECR Raffaele Stancanelli  ITA
Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs LIBE 68 S&D Juan Fernando López Aguilar  SPA RE Maite Pagazaurtundúa  SPA
S&D Pietro Bartolo  ITA
TBE
EPP Emil Radev  BUL
Committee on Constitutional Affairs AFCO 28 EPP Antonio Tajani  ITA S&D Gaby Bischoff  GER
TBE
TBE
TBE
Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality FEMM 35 S&D Evelyn Regner  AUT GUE/NGL María Eugenia Rodríguez Palop  SPA
G/EFA Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield  FRA
EPP Eliza Vozemberg  GRE
S&D Robert Biedroń  POL
Committee on Petitions PETI 35 EPP Dolors Montserrat  SPA G/EFA Tatjana Ždanoka  LAT
RE Yana Toom  EST
ECR Ryszard Czarnecki  POL
S&D Cristina Maestre  SPA
Sources:[28][29][30][31]

Other bodies[edit]

Body Members
Conference of Presidents President of the European Parliament
Chairs of political groups
The Bureau President of the European Parliament
Vice-Presidents of the European Parliament
Quaestors
College of Quaestors Quaestors
Conference of Committee Chairs Chairs of all the standing and temporary committees
The Conference of Delegation Chairs Chairs of all the standing interparliamentary delegations
Sources:[32][33]

Composition of the executive[edit]

Executive
Donald Tusk
President of the European Council
Donald Tusk (EPP),
from 1 December 2014
Jean-Claude Juncker
President of the European Commission
Jean-Claude Juncker (EPP),
from 1 November 2014
Federica Mogherini
High Representative of the Union for FASP
Federica Mogherini (PES)
from 1 November 2014
Parliament term:
2 July 2019 - TBA
European Council
President Poland Donald Tusk (EPP), from 1 December 2014
President-Elect Belgium Charles Michel (ALDE), taking office on 1 December 2019
European Commission
Juncker Commission, from 1 November 2014
President Luxembourg Jean-Claude Juncker (EPP), from 1 November 2014
High Representative of the Union Italy Federica Mogherini (PES), from 1 November 2014
Von der Leyen Commission, taking office on 1 November 2019
President-Elect Germany Ursula von der Leyen (EPP), taking office on 1 November 2019
Council of the European Union
Presidency: Finland Republic of Finland (1 July 2019 – 31 December 2019)


Presidency of the Council of the EU
Finland
Finland
1 July 2019 - 31 December 2019

Appointment of the new executive[edit]

On 2 July 2019 European Council finished a three-day-long summit with a decision to propose:[34]

It is up to the European Parliament to confirm the proposed candidate for President of the European Commission.

Vote on Candidate for the President of the Commission[edit]

Secret paper ballot took place on 16 July 2019 at 18:00.

Candidate Votes cast Majority In favor Against Blank Void Result Source
EPP Ursula von der Leyen  GER 733 374 383 327 22 1 ELECTED [35]

Confirmation vote on the new European Commission[edit]

Following the election of the new President of the Commission, President-Elect will call upon member states to propose candidates for European Commissioners. President-Elect, in agreement with the Council of the EU, asigns to each proposed candidate a portfolio, and the Council sends the list of candidates to the European Parliament. Candidates are then to be questioned about their knowledge of the assigned portfolio and confirmed by European Parliament Committees. When all of the candidates are confirmed by the respective committee, European Parliament takes a vote of confirmation of the new European Commission in the plenary session. European Commission is then officially appointed by the European Council using qualified majority.[36]

Coalition Commission Votes cast Majority In favor Against Abstain Result Source
EPP Von der Leyen Commission
S&D
RE

Statistics[edit]

European Parliament statistics[edit]

There is currently 302 female MEPs, which represents 40,2% of all MEPs (or 40,4% if vacant seats are not counted). At 21 Kira Peter-Hansen of Denmark is the youngest MEP, while Silvio Berlusconi, former Prime Minister of Italy is the oldest at the age of 82. Average age of all MEPs is 50.[37]

435 of current MEPs is newly elected and weren't members of European Parliament before. 295 MEPs were also members of the previous Parliament. 16 of current MEPs held position before, but not between 2014 and 2019.[37]

Statistics by member states[edit]

Most bureau positions is held by Germany, while on the other side Luxembourg and Slovenia have no bureau positions. With 5, Germany has most Committee Chairmen, followed by France with 4.

Finland is currently, with 7 women out of 13 MEPs, the only member state that has more female than male MEPs. Austria, Latvia, Luxembourg and Slovenia are member states with equal number of male and female MEPs. Cyprus is meanwhile the only member state without woman among its MEPs. After Cyprus, the Netherlands is the member state with lowest ratio of female MEPs, at 11,5%.

Slovakia has the highest per cent of newly elected MEPs at 85%, while Malta only has 33% of newly elected MEPs.[37]

With 60 years of age Lithuania has the oldest national delegation, while Malta has the youngest at 44. Sweden has the youngest "oldest" MEP at the age of 58 and Lithuania has the oldest "youngest" MEP at the age of 54.[37]

Member state Positions No. of female MEPs New MEPs Age
EP Bureau Committes' bureaus Groups' bureaus Youngest Average Oldest
Austria Austria
1 / 20
3 / 110
0 / 55
9 / 18
12 / 18
27 47 61
Belgium Belgium
0 / 20
4 / 110
3 / 55
7 / 21
11 / 21
34 52 68
Bulgaria Bulgaria
0 / 20
1 / 110
2 / 55
4 / 17
8 / 17
30 45 67
Croatia Croatia
0 / 20
0 / 110
2 / 55
4 / 11
6 / 11
28 47 62
Cyprus Cyprus
0 / 20
0 / 110
1 / 55
0 / 6
3 / 6
49 55 59
Czech Republic Czech Republic
2 / 20
4 / 110
0 / 55
7 / 21
11 / 21
26 46 66
Denmark Denmark
0 / 20
2 / 110
1 / 55
5 / 12
8 / 12
21 46 74
Estonia Estonia
0 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
2 / 6
3 / 6
28 48 62
Finland Finland
1 / 20
0 / 110
0 / 55
7 / 13
6 / 13
40 55 73
France France
2 / 20
10 / 110
6 / 55
35 / 74
51 / 74
23 50 72
Germany Germany
3 / 20
17 / 110
6 / 55
34 / 96
50 / 96
26 49 78
Greece Greece
1 / 20
3 / 110
1 / 55
5 / 21
11 / 21
33 52 67
Hungary Hungary
2 / 20
3 / 110
1 / 55
7 / 21
8 / 21
30 46 66
Republic of Ireland Ireland
1 / 20
0 / 110
1 / 55
5 / 11
7 / 11
32 54 68
Italy Italy
2 / 20
7 / 110
3 / 55
31 / 73
41 / 73
30 49 82
Latvia Latvia
0 / 20
2 / 110
1 / 55
4 / 8
4 / 8
43 57 69
Lithuania Lithuania
0 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
3 / 11
6 / 11
54 60 65
Luxembourg Luxembourg
0 / 20
0 / 110
0 / 55
3 / 6
3 / 6
35 52 67
Malta Malta
1 / 20
0 / 110
1 / 55
2 / 6
2 / 6
29 44 71
Netherlands Netherlands
0 / 20
4 / 110
5 / 55
3 / 26
12 / 26
29 46 66
Poland Poland
2 / 20
7 / 110
2 / 55
18 / 51
31 / 51
34 56 79
PortugalPortugal
1 / 20
5 / 110
1 / 55
9 / 21
12 / 21
27 49 66
Romania Romania
0 / 20
5 / 110
3 / 55
8 / 32
22 / 32
66 49 67
Slovakia Slovakia
1 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
2 / 13
11 / 13
34 49 65
Slovenia Slovenia
0 / 20
0 / 110
0 / 55
4 / 8
3 / 8
30 50 59
Spain Spain
0 / 20
9 / 110
6 / 55
19 / 54
32 / 54
25 20 74
Sweden Sweden
0 / 20
2 / 110
3 / 55
9 / 20
16 / 20
32 45 58
United Kingdom United Kingdom
0 / 20
4 / 110
5 / 55
34 / 73
48 / 73
29 53 77
Source:[37]

Statistics by political groups[edit]

EPP as the biggest political group also holds most bureau positions. All of the political groups declared cordon sanitaire on Identity and Democracy group, which holds no bureau positions.

Group of Identity and Democracy has the highest per cent of newly elected MEPs with 81%, while EPP Group has the highest per cent of "old" MEPs at 59%.[37]

Group Positions New MEPs
EP Bureau Committees' bureaus
EPP
7 / 20
28 / 110
74 / 182
S&D
5 / 20
25 / 110
78 / 153
RE
3 / 20
16 / 110
75 / 108
G/EFA
2 / 20
12 / 110
74 / 182
ID
0 / 20
0 / 110
59 / 73
ECR
1 / 20
9 / 110
36 / 62
GUE/NGL
1 / 20
6 / 110
24 / 41
Source:[37]

Delegations[edit]

Delegations are established to maintain amd develop relations with entities, European Union and especially European Parliament has an interest to cooperate with. Among these are third countries (i. e. countries that are not EU member states) with which EU has close, especially trade, relations, or countries expected to join EU in the future (Western Balkan). EP also cooperates with bodies of other international organisations, such as NATO.[38]

Delegations consist of full and substitute members. Number of members varies between delegations. Each delegations elects its chair.[38]

Delegations can be divided in two groups, standing delegations and ad hoc delegations.[38]

Delegations to parliamentary assemblies[edit]

Delegation Chair
Delegation for relations with the NATO Parliamentary Assembly DNAT
Delegation to the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly DACP
Delegation to the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly DLAT
Delegation to the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly DEPA
Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean DMED
Source:[39]

Joint parliamentary committees (JPCs)[edit]

JPCs are created with bilateral agreement between EU and specific country.[40]

Delegation Chair
Delegation for Northern cooperation and for relations with Switzerland and Norway and to the EU-Iceland Joint Parliamentary Committee and the European Economic Area (EEA) Joint Parliamentary Committee DEEA
Delegation for relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo DSEE
Delegation for relations with the Maghreb countries and the Arab Maghreb Union, including the EU-Morocco, EU-Tunisia and EU-Algeria Joint Parliamentary Committees DMAG
Delegation to the Cariforum-EU Parliamentary Committee DCAR
Delegation to the EU-Albania Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee D-AL
Delegation to the EU-Armenia Parliamentary Partnership Committee, the EU-Azerbaijan Parliamentary Cooperation Committee and the EU-Georgia Parliamentary Association Committee DSCA
Delegation to the EU-Chile Joint Parliamentary Committee D-CL
Delegation to the EU-Mexico Joint Parliamentary Committee D-MX
Delegation to the EU-Moldova Parliamentary Association Committee D-MD
Delegation to the EU-Montenegro Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee D-ME
Delegation to the EU-North Macedonia Joint Parliamentary Committee D-MK
Delegation to the EU-Serbia Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee D-RS
Delegation to the EU-Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee D-TR
Delegation to the EU-Ukraine Parliamentary Association Committee D-UA
Source:[41]

Parliamentary Cooperations committees (PCCs)[edit]

Delegation Chair
Delegation to the EU-Armenia Parliamentary Partnership Committee, the EU-Azerbaijan Parliamentary Cooperation Committee and the EU-Georgia Parliamentary Association Committee DSCA
Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan, EU-Uzbekistan and EU-Tajikistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees and for relations with Turkmenistan and Mongolia DCAS
Delegation to the EU-Russia Parliamentary Cooperation Committee D-RU
Source:[42]

Bilateral and multilateral relations delegations[edit]

Delegation Chair
Delegation for relations with Afghanistan D-AF
Delegation for relations with Australia and New Zealand DANZ
Delegation for relations with Belarus D-BY
Delegation for relations with Canada D-CA
Delegation for relations with India D-IN
Delegation for relations with Iran D-IR
Delegation for relations with Iraq D-IQ
Delegation for relations with Israel D-IL
Delegation for relations with Japan D-JP
Delegation for relations with Mercosur DMER
Delegation for relations with Palestine DPAL
Delegation for relations with South Africa D-ZA
Delegation for relations with the Arab Peninsula DARP
Delegation for relations with the countries of Central America DCAM
Delegation for relations with the countries of South Asia DSAS
Delegation for relations with the countries of Southeast Asia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) DASE
Delegation for relations with the countries of the Andean Community DAND
Delegation for relations with the Federative Republic of Brazil D-BR
Delegation for relations with the Korean Peninsula DKOR
Delegation for relations with the Mashreq countries DMAS
Delegation for relations with the Pan-African Parliament DPAP
Delegation for relations with the People's Republic of China D-CN
Delegation for relations with the United States D-US
Source:[43]

Secretariat[edit]

2019 elections results[edit]

2019 European Parliament elections took place from 23 to 26 May 2019. These are the second biggest democratic elections in the world, following Indian parliamemtary election and biggest trans-national elections.

2019 results by political group[44]
Group (2019–24) Seats 2019 Outgoing
seats
EPP European People's Party group (Christian democrats and liberal conservatives) 182 216 Decrease −34
S&D Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (Social democrats) 154 185 Decrease −31
RE Renew Europe (Social liberals and conservative liberals) 108 69 Increase +39
Greens/EFA Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens and regionalists) 74 52 Increase +22
ID Identity and Democracy (Right-wing populists and nationalists) 73 36 Increase +37
ECR European Conservatives and Reformists (National conservatives and sovereignists) 62 77 Decrease −15
GUE/NGL European United Left–Nordic Green Left (Democratic socialists and communists) 41 52 Decrease −11
NI Non-attached 57 20 Increase +37
EFDD Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (Populists and hard eurosceptics) 42 Decrease −42
Vacant N/A 0 2 N/A
Total 751 751 Steady
Notes on changes in groups

Results by country[edit]

State Political groups MEPs
EPP
(EPP, ECPM)
S&D
(PES)
RE
(ALDE, EDP)
ECR
(AECR, ECPM)
GUE/NGL
(EL, NGLA, EACL)
G/EFA
(EGP, EFA)
ID
(EAPN)
NI
Austria Austria 7 (ÖVP) +2 5 (SPÖ) = 1 (NEOS) = 2 (Grüne) −1 3 (FPÖ) −1 18
Belgium Belgium 2 (CD&V)
1 (CDH)
1 (CSP)
=
=
=
2 (PS)
1 (SP.A)
−1
=
2 (Open VLD)
2 (MR)
−1
−1
3 (N-VA) −1 1 (PTB) +1 2 (ECOLO)
1 (Groen)
+1
=
3 (VB) +2 21
Bulgaria Bulgaria 6 (GERB)
1 (DSB)
=
+1
5 (BSP) +1 3 (DPS) −1 2 (IMRO) +1 17
Croatia Croatia 4 (HDZ) −1 3 (SDP) +1 1 (AMS/IDS) −1 1 (HKS) = 1 (Human Shield)
1 (Kolakušić)
+1 11
Cyprus Cyprus 2 (DISY) = 1 (EDEK)
1 (DIKO)
=
=
2 (AKEL) = 6
Czech Republic Czech Republic 2+1 (TOP 09+STAN)
2 (KDU–ČSL)
−1
−1
6 (ANO) +2 4 (ODS) +2 1 (KSČM) −2 3 (Piráti) +3 2 (SPD) +2 21
Denmark Denmark 1 (C) = 3 (S) = 3 (V)
2 (B)
+1
+1
1 (RG) +1 2 (SF) +1 1 (O) −3 13
France France 7 (LR)
1 (LC)
−12 2 (PS)
2 (PP)
1 (ND)
−8 10 (LREM)
5 (MoDem)
1 (MR)
1 (Agir)
4 (Ind.)
+21 5 (FI)
1 (GRS)
+6 8 (EELV)
2 (AEI)
1 (PNC)
1 (Ind.)
+6 20 (RN)
2 (Ind.)
−2 74
Estonia Estonia 2 (SDE) +1 2 (RE)
1 (KE)
=
=
1 (EKRE) +1 6
Finland Finland 3 (Kok.) = 2 (SDP) = 2 (Kesk.)
1 (SFP)
−1
=
1 (Vas.) = 2 (VIHR) +1 2 (PS) = 13
Germany Germany 23 (CDU)
6 (CSU)
−5
+1
16 (SPD) −11 5 (FDP)
2 (FW)
+2
+1
1 (Familie) = 5 (Linke)
1 (Tierschutz)
−2
=
21 (B’90/Grüne)
1 (ÖDP)
1 (Piraten)
1 (Volt Europa)
1 (Die Partei)
+10
=
=
+1
+1
11 (AfD) +4 1 (Die Partei) = 96
Greece Greece 8 (ND) +3 2 (KINAL) = 1 (Greek Solution)[46] +1 6 (SYRIZA) = 2 (KKE)
2 (XA)
=
=
21
Hungary Hungary 12+1 (Fidesz+KDNP) +1 1 (MSZP)
4 (DK)
−1
+2
2 (MoMo) +2 1 (Jobbik) −2 21
Republic of Ireland Ireland 4 (FG) = 1 (FF) = 2 (I4C)
1 (SF)
1 (Flanagan)
+2
−2
=
2 (GP) +2 11
Italy Italy 6 (FI)
1 (SVP)
−7
=
19 (PD) −12 5 (FdI) +5 28 (Lega) +23 14 (M5S) −3 73
Latvia Latvia 2 (JV) −2 2 (Saskaņa SDP) +1 1 (AP!) +1 2 (NA) +1 1 (LKS) = 8
Lithuania Lithuania 3 (TS–LKD)
1 (Maldeikienė)
+1
+1
2 (LSDP) = 1 (DP)
1 (LRLS)
=
−1
1 (LLRA) = 2 (LVŽS) +1 11
Luxembourg Luxembourg 2 (CSV) −1 1 (LSAP) = 2 (DP) +1 1 (Gréng) = 6
Malta Malta 2 (PN) −1 4 (PL) +1 6
Netherlands Netherlands 4 (CDA)
1 (50+)
1 (CU)
−1
+1
+1
6 (PvdA) +3 2 (D66)
4 (VVD)
−2
+1
3 (FvD)
1 (SGP)
=
+1
1 (PvdD) = 3 (GL) +1 26
Poland Poland 14 (PO)
3 (PSL)
−5
−1
5 (SLD)
3 (WIOSNA)
=
+3
25 (PiS)
1 (SP)
+6
+1
51
Portugal Portugal 6 (PSD)
1 (CDS–PP)
=
=
9 (PS) +1 2 (CDU: PCP)
2 (BE)
−1
+1
1 (PAN) +1 21
Romania Romania 10 (PNL)
2 (UDMR)
2 (PMP)
−1
=
=
8 (PSD)
2 (PRO Romania)
−8
+2
8 (USRPLUS) +8 32
Slovakia Slovakia 2 (SPOLU)
1 (KDH)
1 (OĽaNO)
+2
−1
=
3 (Smer–SD) −1 2 (PS) +2 2 (SaS) +1 2 (ĽSNS) +2 13
Slovenia Slovenia 2+1 (SDS+SLS)
1 (NSi)
−1
=
2 (SD) +1 2 (LMS) +2 8
Spain Spain 12 (PP) −4 20 (PSOE) +6 7 (C's)
1 (CEUS/EAJ/PNV)
+1
=
3 (VOX) +3 2 (UP/Podemos)
2 (UP/IU)
1 (UP/Ind.)
1 (AR/EH Bildu)
−5 2 (AR/ERC)
1 (UP/ICV)
= 2 (JuntsxCat) +2 54
Sweden Sweden 4 (M)
2 (KD)
+1
+1
5 (S) = 2 (C)
1 (L)
+1
−1
3 (SD) +1 1 (V) = 2 (MP) −2 20
United Kingdom United Kingdom 10 (Lab) −10 16 (LibDem)
1 (Alliance Party)
+15
+1
4 (Con) −15 1 (SF) = 7 (Green)
3 (SNP)
1 (PC)
+4
+1
=
29 (Brexit Party)
1 (DUP)
+29

=

73
Total MEPs
EPP S&D RE ECR GUE/NGL G/EFA ID NI
182 (24.2%) −39 154 (20.5%) −37 108 (14.4%) +41 62 (8.2%) −8 41 (5.5%) −11 75 (10.0%) +25 73 (9.7%) +73 57 (7.5%) −36 751

Interesting facts[edit]

  • There are 6 former Polish Prime Ministers currently serving as MEPs, the 7th former Polish Prime Minister in the EU institutions is Donald Tusk, currently serving as President of the European Council.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Treaty of Rome and the Treaty of Maastricht as amended by the Treaty of Lisbon and all preceding amending treaties.

External websites[edit]

References[edit]

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  6. ^ "Parliament elects Ursula von der Leyen as first female Commission President | News | European Parliament". www.europarl.europa.eu. 16 July 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
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  13. ^ "About // ECR Group". ECR Group. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
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  23. ^ Jeppe Kofod did not take his seat as he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. His resignation from the MEP seat was effective on 2 July 2019. The seat will be taken up by Marianne Vind.
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  40. ^ "Types of delegations | About | Delegations | European Parliament". www.europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
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  42. ^ "Find a delegation by type | Delegations | European Parliament". www.europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
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  44. ^ "2019 European election results – Comparative tool". European Parliament. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  45. ^ de la Baume, Maïa (26 June 2019). "Brexit Party misses first deadline to form political group in European Parliament". Politico Europe. Retrieved 4 July 2019. Several Parliament officials said that Farage's former "Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy" group had not been added to the official list. "Farage and 5Star doesn't have a group," said one official, referring to Italy's 5Star movement which was also part of the EFDD.
  46. ^ "ECR Group welcome new members". ECR Group website. 5 June 2019.