|Founded by||Srimant Siddhojiraje Naik-Nimbalkar, Nipankar Sarlashkar Desai Sarkar.|
|Elevation||585 m (1,919 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||KA 23|
|Sex ratio||1000/1000 ♂/♀|
Nipani is a City Municipal Council in Belagavi District in the India state of Karnataka. It is located at a Distance of 75 km from the district headquarters and 37 km from Kolhapur City in Maharashtra State. It is an important agricultural and commercial trade center in the district. Nipani and its surrounding villages are known for growing high-quality tobacco, which is used for manufacturing beedis.
The City Municipal Council (CMC) Nipani was constituted in 1987.
Geography and climate
Since Nipani is close to the branches of the western ghats, it enjoys a good rainy season. Temperature ranges from 16 to 40 °C (61 to 104 °F).
As of 2011[update] India census, Nipani had a population of 98,061. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Nipani has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 64%. In Nipani, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Kannada is the official language of the town. Marathi,Kannada and Hindi are widely spoken.
Nipani is dependent mostly on agriculture and its local textile industry. Nipani is also well known for its Tobacco business, Beedi Factories, Tobacco Mills, foundry business, Tile Business, wood businesses and aluminium pot making factory.
Nipani is one of notable Tobacco trade market and producer in India. Nipani is surrounded by 3 sugar factories ,one of it is Shri, Halsidhnath Sugar Factory -situated in Nipani and other two are in nearing Maharashatra Border, Sada Sakhar Hamidwada and Jawahar in Hupari.
Nipani has good colleges and schools. Most of the students who come to this city for education are from neighboring villages such as Lakhanapur, Kognoli, Shirguppi, Yaranal, Pangir, Shendur, Budalmukh, Khadaklat, Kodni, Yamgarni, Benadi, Jatrat, Akkol, Padalihal, Nanganur, Shripevadi, Aadi, Murgod, Solankur, Saundalaga, Pangire B, Kurli, Appachiwadi etc.
Many of the students from this sub-urban place have traveled, worked and a few have even settled abroad. Indirectly, these students have helped the Nipani's business to flourish when they transfer their hard earned money to their families not to forget the contributions made by neighboring villages and outsiders, who have helped to keep Nipani a busy town. Nipani is well known as a destination for higher education. Courses including BA, MA, B.COM, M.COM, BSC, BBA, BCA, D.PHARM, B.PHARM, M.PHARM BHMS, BAMS, B.ED, BE are conducted by various institutes.
Devchand College, KLE's G. I Bagewadi College are the notable colleges in the area.
Devchand College, formerly known as Janta College is a premier and renowned grant-in-aid institution affiliated to Shivaji University, Kolhapur in the State of Maharashtra. Padmabhushan Shriman Devchandji Shah established the college in 1960 with the sole objective of transforming lives of thousands of sons and daughters of poor farmers, landless laborers, tobacco and beedi workers in and around forty villages surrounding the town of Nipani through the potent tool of quality higher education. Since its inception, Devchand College has earned fame and name as an institution with quality par excellence.The college is run by an educational trust Janata Shikshan Mandal, it also host Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University (YCMOU), Centre for distance education, Shivaji University, Kolhapur
K.L.E’s English Medium CBSE School, Nipani was established in the year 2004 with the aim of providing comprehensive modern education to the students and develop their complete personality. K.L.E’s English Medium CBSE School Nipani, makes effort to reach the pinnacle of physical, mental, spiritual and emotional growth of a child, so that the students may be actively involved and dedicated in the pursuit of excellence in all these fields with relentless and limitless zeal. The school is situated on a spacious land of 13 Acres situated on the Pune – Bangalore National Highway.
Tourism and attractions
Nipani is 575 km from Bangalore and 183 km from Goa. It is surrounded by natural beauty in the form of rivers and hills .There are popular tourists places like Tavandi (Stavanidhi), Ramaling, Nipanikar Wada, Samadhi Math, Sai Mandir, Jawahalal Nehru lake.
Ramling Mandir : This temple is dedicated to lord Shiva. Situated in Shippur Hill 6 KM from Nipani, on Nipani Goa highway, it is believed to be held from Ramayan Yug. Beside its locations which is center of hill, the temple has regular and fresh water sources for whole year. The temple hosts feast in Hindu month Shravan, which comes in monsoon. Around 1km from temple, you can foot steps of Lord Shri Ram.
Tavandi (Stavanidhi), which is 5 km from Nipani, has four Jain temples. The huge idol of Brahmadev is visited by people from all sections of the society. There is a temple dedicated to Devi Padmavati between the main road and the Tirth Temple. The main temple at Stavanidhi has three Vedis. The first one is dedicated to Bhagwan Surparsvanath. An idol of Bhagwan Rishabdev of 11 A.D. is installed in this Chaitya. In the second Chaitya, an idol of Bagwan Parsvanath known as Navkhand (Nine pieces) is very miraculous.There are idols of Yaksha Brahmadev and Devi Padmavati in this Chaitya. The third Chaitya is dedicated to Yaksha Brahmadev which has a huge idol of Sindoori color. On the upper storey, a Shassterakut and Chamukha are there. The images in Kayotsang posture of Bhagwan Neminath, Baghwan Adinath, Bhagwan Parsvanath and Bhagwan Mahavir in Padmasan as Mulnayak are installed here. A fair is organized in the month of January on the night of Amavasya.
Also you can stroll into the Nipanikar Wada and have a good look at the brilliant wall paintings of the 19th century. Around 4km From Nipani in village boundary Called Shirgupping can find well-preserved aqueduct which was built by the founder of Nipani city H.H. Shrimant, Siddhoji raje Naik Nimbalkar, Nippankar Sarlashkar Desai Sarkar. This water channel is an Engineering marvel of 19th centuries water system which served city for century, its famous among locals by name "Udatya Bambache Pani". The aqueduct is location and the storage in city is around 5 Km, water root still can be traced by chimney locally known as Udate Bamb.
A wide variety of historical sites, temples and churches exist in and around the city.
Nipani is connected by road via national highways 4 (connecting Maharashtra (now part of the Golden Quadrilateral), Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu) and 4A (connecting Karnataka and Goa). North Western Karnataka Road Transport Corporation (NWKRTC) run buses to all corners of Karnataka and to neighboring states. There are many prominent private bus companies providing services to all major destinations in Karnataka and surrounding states. KSRTC services almost all villages in Karnataka. 92% villages are served by KSRTC (6743 out of 7298 Villages) and 44% in other areas (6743 out of 7298). KSRTC operates 6463 schedules in a day covering an effective distance of 23.74 lakh km with a total fleet of 7599 buses. It transports, on an average, 24.57 lakh passengers per day.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.