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Niphates is a mountain chain in Armenia that John Milton uses in Paradise Lost iii. 742 as Satan's landing spot upon Earth.[1] Milton is noted for his extensive use of obscure geographical references in his works.

Virgil also mentions the Niphates in the third book of his Georgics: "I will add the subdued cities of Asia, the beaten Niphates, / The Parthian who relies on his escape and backward arrows" (3.30).


  1. ^ Forsyth, Neil (2003). The Satanic Epic. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-11339-4.