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|County||San Luis Obispo|
|Named for||"Place of the big house"  or "Village" |
|• Total||14.852 sq mi (38.467 km2)|
|• Land||14.852 sq mi (38.466 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0.001 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||331 ft (101 m)|
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (430/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1652759|
Nipomo (Chumash: Nipumuʔ) is a unincorporated town and census-designated place (CDP) in San Luis Obispo County, California, United States. The population was 12,626 at the 2000 census, and grew to 16,714 for the 2010 census.
The original settlers of Nipomo were the Chumash Indians, who have lived in the area for over 9,000 years. Rancho Nipomo (the Indian word ne-po-mah meant "foot of the hill") was one of the first and largest of the Mexican land grants in San Luis Obispo County.
William G. Dana of Boston, a sea captain travels led him to California where he married Maria Josefa Carrillo of Santa Barbara. In 1837, the 38,000-acre (150 km2) Rancho Nipomo was granted to Captain Dana by the Mexican governor. The Dana Adobe, created in 1839, served as an important stop for travelers on El Camino Real between Mission San Luis Obispo and Mission Santa Barbara. The adobe was a stage coach stop and became the exchange point for mail going between north and south in the first regular mail route in California. The Danas had several children, thirteen of whom reached adulthood. They learned both English and Spanish, as well as the language of the Chumash natives.
In 1846, U.S. Army Captain John C. Fremont and his soldiers stopped at the rancho on their way south to Santa Barbara and Los Angeles. Captain Dana hosted a barbecue and gave Fremont's men 30 fresh horses. By the 1880s the Dana descendants had built homes on the rancho and formed a town. Streets were laid out and lots were sold to the general public. The Pacific Coast Railway (narrow gauge) came to town in 1882, and trains ran through Nipomo until The Great Depression in the 1930s. By the end of 1942, the tracks had been removed for the World War II war effort.
Thousands of Blue Gum Eucalyptus trees were planted on the Nipomo Mesa in 1908 by two men who formed the Los Berros Forest Company with the idea of selling the trees as hardwood. Groves of these non-native trees still exist in rows as they were originally planted.
Nipomo is located at (35.0300, -120.4900).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 14.9 square miles (39 km2), virtually all of it land.
This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Nipomo has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.
At the 2010 census Nipomo had a population of 16,714. The population density was 1,125.4 people per square mile (434.5/km2). The racial makeup of Nipomo was 12,281 (73.5%) White, 177 (1.1%) African American, 200 (1.2%) Native American, 421 (2.5%) Asian, 33 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 2,821 (16.9%) from other races, and 781 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,645 persons (39.8%).
The census reported that 16,703 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 11 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and no one was institutionalized.
There were 5,474 households, 2,258 (41.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,353 (61.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 686 (12.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 326 (6.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 338 (6.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 49 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 807 households (14.7%) were one person and 346 (6.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.05. There were 4,365 families (79.7% of households); the average family size was 3.35.
The age distribution was 4,422 people (26.5%) under the age of 18, 1,531 people (9.2%) aged 18 to 24, 4,058 people (24.3%) aged 25 to 44, 4,593 people (27.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,110 people (12.6%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 37.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
There were 5,759 housing units at an average density of 387.8 per square mile, of the occupied units 3,898 (71.2%) were owner-occupied and 1,576 (28.8%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.1%. 11,583 people (69.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 5,120 people (30.6%) lived in rental housing units.
At the 2000 census there were 12,626 people, 4,035 households, and 3,316 families in the CDP. The population density was 1,106.1 people per square mile (427.3/km2). There were 4,146 housing units at an average density of 363.2 per square mile (140.3/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 75.9% White, 0.6% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 16.0% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.6%.
Of the 4,035 households 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 13.5% of households were one person and 6.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 3.13 and the average family size was 3.42.
The age distribution was 30.7% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.
The median household income was $49,852 and the median family income was $54,338. Males had a median income of $41,288 versus $25,509 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,824. About 5.6% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.
Parks and recreation
Nipomo Community Park is seventy-four acres (30 ha) and includes hiking and horseback riding.
- Nipomo Elementary (K-6) 190 E Price, Nipomo. Attended primarily by students living east of US 101.
- Dana Elementary (K-6) 920 W. Tefft St., Nipomo. For students west of US 101 living nearby.
- Dorothea Lange Elementary (K-6) 1661 Via Alta Mesa, Nipomo. Attended by other Nipomo area students living west of US 101.
- Middle school
- High school
- Nipomo High School (9th-12th) 525 N. Thompson Road, Nipomo. It was opened in 2002. Before that students attended Arroyo Grande High School. NHS has become known for high scholastic standards, outstanding drama and musical productions, strong girls' volleyball and boys' wrestling teams, golf and swim teams, and its agriculture department. The enthusiastic boosters organization promotes both academics and athletics simultaneously. The community has created scholarships for college-bound graduates.
- Central Coast New Tech High School (9th-12th). Is a public charter school opened in 2012 with a freshman class. The school added a freshman class each year, reaching all four classes in the 2015–2016 school year.
- Colleges and universities
- School district
- Casey Alexander - screenwriter (SpongeBob SquarePants, Uncle Grandpa)
- Horace Grant - NBA basketball player
- Mike Lamond - StarCraft commentator better known as HuskyStarcraft
- Leigh Rubin - creator of the syndicated comic strip Rubes
- Don Siegel - film director
- Jeff McNeil - MLB baseball player for the New York Mets
- Guadalupe-Nipomo Dunes
- Dorothea Lange
- San Luis Obispo County, California
- The Ten Commandments, silent film
- "yakʔitʸutʸu resources - University Housing - Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo". Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo University Housing. Retrieved 2018-11-01.
- McCall, Lynne; Perry, Rosalind (1986). California’s Chumash Indians : a project of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Education Center (Revised ed.). San Luis Obispo, Calif: EZ Nature Books. ISBN 0936784156.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- Chumash Place Names
- "Santa Maria grows 28.6%". Santamariatimes.com. 2011-03-09. Retrieved 2012-09-14.
- "Dana Adobe Home". Dana Adobe Nipomo Amigos. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Nipomo, California
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Nipomo CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- "California's 24th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Alley, Dave (July 7, 2016). "Long Delayed Plans To Develop Nipomo Park Now Moving Forward". KEYT-TV. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
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