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|Founded||October 1, 1910|
|Founder||Fredrick W. Horn|
|Distributor(s)||Self-distributed (in Japan)|
Warner Music Group (in United States)
Universal Music Group (International)
|Country of origin||Japan|
Nippon Columbia Co., Ltd. (日本コロムビア株式会社 Nippon Koromubia Kabushiki Kaisha), often pronounced Korombia, TYO: 6791, is a Japanese record label founded in 1910 as Nipponophone Co., Ltd. (日本蓄音器商会 Nihon Chikuonki Shōkai). It affiliated itself with the Columbia Graphophone Company of the United Kingdom and adopted the standard UK Columbia trademarks in 1931. The company changed its name to Nippon Columbia Co., Ltd. in 1946. It used the Nippon Columbia name until October 1, 2002, when it became Columbia Music Entertainment, Inc. (コロムビアミュージックエンタテインメント株式会社 Koromubia Myūjikku Entateinmento Kabushiki kaisha). On October 1, 2010, the company returned to its current name. Outside Japan, the company formerly as the Savoy Label Group, which releases recordings on the SLG, Savoy Jazz, and continues to operate as Denon. It also manufactured electronic products under the Denon brand name until 2001. In 2017, Concord Music acquired Savoy Label Group.
Aside from common historical roots, the current Nippon Columbia label has no direct relation with either the American Columbia Records (part of the Sony Music group in the United States and known in Japan as Sony Records International; Nippon Columbia was the licensee for the American Columbia Records up until 1968, when CBS/Sony (now Sony Music) was founded) or the British EMI group, of which the original Columbia Graphophone Co. was a part - the licensee for the British Columbia Graphophone Company was actually Toshiba Musical Industries. The label is notable, however, for continuing to use the historical Magic Notes logo, which has been associated with the Columbia name since the label's founding.
Japanese People's Honour Award-winning singer Hibari Misora belonged to the label. This label is also known for dropping Ayumi Hamasaki, the best-selling solo artist in Japanese Oricon history (since 1968), before her rise to fame. It happened after her first single "Nothing from Nothing" and album of the same name flopped, due to little or no promotion. She subsequently met her current producer, Max Matsuura, who is now President of Avex.
Also included in the roster:
- B-C (pronounced B to C)
- CME Records
- Columbia House
- Columbia International
- Columbia Japan
- Columbia*readymade (originally stylised as ********* records,tokyo on CD artwork, later changing to columbia*readymade after Nippon Columbia rebranded to Columbia Music Entertainment)
- Columbia Records (unrelated to the USA-based label, which is under Sony Music)
- Heat Wave
- Hug Columbia
- Nexstar Records
- Savoy Records
In February 2006 Columbia Music Entertainment CEO Sadahiko Hirose hired Napster co-founder Jordan Ritter as executive advisor to the CEO. In April 2006 Ritter became CTO and formed the Red Dove (R&D) division, focusing on reducing costs and improving efficiency of internal operations, while developing new spinout companies that proved better approaches to the most expensive aspects of CME's business.
In 2007, Ritter hired Ejovi Nuwere into CME, and together they began building a Japanese-based, competition-oriented promotional platform for new artists called Otorevo. The premise of the project was to prove a more cost- and time-efficient model for discovering viable artists to join the label. Despite the measurable successes of Otorevo, the CME board of directors voted to terminate all R&D projects in March 2008.
A number of talented artist were discovered on the OtoRevo platform, two artist received debuts but all were released after the shut down of the R&D division and went to other labels. The most well-known is the group CREAM  who were originally named IYSE. They are currently one of the top selling new artist in Japan with more than 3M channel views on YouTube.
Major investors include Faith K. K. (31.20%), Daiichi Kosho Company (4.75%), Japan Securities Finance Co., Ltd. (2.13%), Sumitomo Trust and Banking (0.95%), Nomura Securities (0.75%), Rakuten Securities (0.64%) and Fukoku Mutual Life Insurance Company (0.59%).
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