Nippon Kan Theatre
|Coordinates||47°36′04″N 122°19′31″W / 47.601027°N 122.325387°W|
|Architect||Thompson & Thompson|
|NRHP reference No.||78002754 |
|Added to NRHP||May 22, 1978|
The Nippon Kan Theatre (日本館劇場, Nippon-kan Gekijō) is a former Japanese theater in Seattle, Washington, United States. It is located in the Kobe Park Building at 628 S. Washington Street, in the former Japantown section of Seattle's International District.
The Nippon Kan Company was formed on January 30, 1908 by several leading businessmen of Seattle's Japanese community, including banker E.T. Arai and shipper H.H. Okuda, to fund the construction of a building that would serve as a meeting hall, theater and dormitory for new immigrants. The building, had it been completed on time, would have also served as an information center and rest stop for Japanese tourists coming to the city to visit the Alaska-Yukon Exposition. The Nippon Kan commissioned architects Thompson & Thompson to design a 4-story (including basement) building, containing retail facing Washington Street on the ground floor, a theater and more retail facing Maynard Avenue on the second floor and hotel rooms above. The same firm would be responsible for many buildings throughout the International District.
By the time construction finally started on the $80,000 building in 1909, the project was now under the control of the Japanese Association of Washington, with Charles T. Takahashi as president, H.H. Okuda as vice-president and S. Hyashi as treasurer. The building was officially dedicated in January 1910. Nippon Kan was initially the name of both the theater and the hotel in the building, though by 1912 the hotel was renamed the Astor, which it would remain until the late 1960s.
The Nippon Kan Theater served as a de facto Japanese community center in Seattle prior to World War II. It was busy several nights a week with actors and musicians from Japan, movies, concerts, judo and kendo competitions, and community meetings. The Asahi News, Seattle's only Japanese daily, was published in the building. The theater was boarded up in 1942 during the Japanese American internment, but reopened in 1981 through the restorative efforts of Seattle architect Edward M. Burke and his wife Betty. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
In 2005 it was sold to ABC Legal Services and was used as converted office space. A replica of the curtain hangs on the wall along with several historic photographs. Its original closure has been attributed to the decreasing number of people of Japanese descent in Seattle.
The theater's original stage curtain (used 1909–1915) survives, and now serves a similar purpose on the stage of the Tateuchi Story Theater of the nearby Wing Luke Museum. The curtain covered with advertisements was rediscovered in the 1970s. Because it used an asbestos material, it is now encased in a resin.
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- ^ "Construction News: Theaters and Halls". Pacific Builder and Engineer. 6 (6): 6. Feb 8, 1908. Retrieved 17 December 2022.
- ^ "Japanese to Have $80,000 Building, Commence Work Soon". The Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Feb 3, 1908. p. 3.
- ^ "New Building for the Japanese Association". The Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Jan 13, 1910. p. 11.
- ^ Takami, David A. (1998). Divided Destiny: A History of Japanese Americans in Seattle. Univ of Washington Press. p. 28. ISBN 978-0295977621.
- ^ "Seattle loses icon of Japanese heritage" by Cecilia Kang, The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, November 26, 2005, retrieved March 28, 2006.
- ^ Marc Ramirez, Nippon Kan's long-lost curtain back on stage, Seattle Times, May 19, 2008; online version modified May 20, 2008. Accessed online 29 December 2008.
- Japanese-American culture in Seattle
- National Register of Historic Places in Seattle
- Theatres completed in 1909
- Buildings and structures in Seattle
- Theatres on the National Register of Historic Places in Washington (state)
- Hotel buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Washington (state)
- 1909 establishments in Washington (state)
- Chinatown–International District, Seattle
- United States theater (structure) stubs