Nipton, California

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Nipton, California
Nipton in 2006
Nipton in 2006
Nipton, California is located in California
Nipton, California
Nipton, California
Location within the State of California
Coordinates: 35°28′0″N 115°16′20″W / 35.46667°N 115.27222°W / 35.46667; -115.27222Coordinates: 35°28′0″N 115°16′20″W / 35.46667°N 115.27222°W / 35.46667; -115.27222
Country United States
State California
County San Bernardino
Elevation3,031 ft (924 m)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
Area codes442/760
FIPS code06-51490
GNIS feature ID246562

Nipton is an unincorporated community in the Ivanpah Valley in San Bernardino County, California. With a population of about 15 – 20,[2] it is located on the northeastern border of Mojave National Preserve, approximately 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Primm, Nevada and the Ivanpah Solar Power Facility. It is accessible via Nevada State Route 164 (also known as Nipton Road).


A mining camp was established here at the crossroads of two wagon trails.[3] The town was founded on February 9, 1905, with the coming of the first train on the newly constructed San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad.[4] It was called "Nippeno Camp" following a nearby discovery of gold. The name was changed to Nipton when the San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad merged with the Union Pacific Railroad around 1910. In addition to being a cattle-loading station for several local ranches, the town and depot also supplied numerous mines in the area, becoming a social center for the sparse population of the region.[3]

In September 2017, Nipton was purchased by American Green Inc., for US$5 million with plans to turn the town into a cannabis tourism destination. The CEO of the company hoped to make this into the first "Pot Town, USA".[5][2] American Green Inc. sold the town in March 2018 after failing to attract the capital investment necessary to continue the project. The town was sold to Delta International Oil & Gas for a total of $7.7 million in debt assumption and Delta preferred stock, along with a provision that it continue with the project to transform the 80-acre (32 ha) town on the edge of the Mojave Desert into a cannabis-themed resort.[6] As of November 16, 2020, the town was listed for sale again for $2.75 million.[7]


A five-room adobe hotel was built in the Mexican Territorial style in 1910. The town also has a general store, a trading post, the Whistle Stop Cafe, a RV park, five eco-cabins, and ten sites with teepees on them. There is also a historic schoolhouse and art exhibits connected to the Burning Man event.[3]


The area receives significant sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Nipton has a hot desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

The town of Nipton appears in the popular game Fallout: New Vegas.[9]


  1. ^ "Nipton". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Rosalie Murphy (August 4, 2017). "A marijuana company is trying to buy a tiny Mojave Desert town". Desert Sun. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Tiny Mojave Desert town is up for sale again". Nexstar Media Wire. November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  4. ^ Phenix, Duncan (April 11, 2022). "Tiny California town with less than two dozen residents sells – again". FOX 5 San Diego. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  5. ^ Jennifer Kaplan (August 3, 2017). "Cannabis Grower Buys California Town to Build Pot-Friendly Outpost". Bloomburg News. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
  6. ^ "Cannabis company sells California town it envisioned as a marijuana resort, but pipe dream isn't dead". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. March 27, 2018.
  7. ^ ABC7 (November 16, 2020). "California's desert town Nipton is back on market for 2nd time since 2017, priced at $2.75M". ABC7 San Francisco.
  8. ^ Summary for Nipton, California
  9. ^ "'Fallout: New Vegas' 10 years on: why Obsidian's RPG is still unbeaten". NME. January 8, 2021. Retrieved July 15, 2021.

External links[edit]