Nir Am in 1950
|Founded||19 August 1943|
|Founded by||Bessarabian Gordonia members|
|Area||20,000 dunams (20 km2 or 8 sq mi)|
|• Density||31/km2 (79/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||Nation Meadow|
Nir Am (Hebrew: נִירְעָם, ניר עם, lit. Nation Meadow) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located near Sderot and covering 20,000 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Sha'ar HaNegev Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 611.
The village was established on 19 August 1943 by immigrants from Bessarabia who were members of the Gordonia youth movement, including Zvi Guershoni, later a member of the Knesset. Over the years the kibbutz has also absorbed immigrants from Argentina, France and South Africa. During the 1948 war it was the headquarters of the Negev Brigade. In a report written in March 1948 by Yaakov Riftin investigating abuses in Haganah and Palmach units, it emerged that an Arab was seized, abused and tortured, pliers being used on his genitals, and then had his head bashed against the wall at Nir Am. He was then shot dead while lying in a pit, and his body then covered over with soil. 
Kibbutz Nir Am during Operation Yoav, October 1948
An innovative work area was created in Kibbutz Nir Am (Incubator, Offices and workplaces for rent to start-ups, small companies in high-tech activities).
- "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- Ofer Aderet, 'Why Is Israel Still Covering Up Extrajudicial Executions Committed by a Jewish Militia in '48?,' Haaretz 7 July 2018.