|Niri Qaghan |
|First Qaghan of the Western Turkic Khaganate|
|Died||599 or 604|
According to Baumer he ruled from 579 to circa 602/03. Baumer notes that the better-documented Tardu ruled from 575 to 603. According to de La Vaissere, the unnamed Turkic ruled who was in correspondence with Emperor Maurice was Niri.
He was the grandson of Muqan Qaghan. His Chinese wife Xiang Shi (向氏) was married to his brother Poshi Tegin (婆實特勤) after his death and submitted to Tang during end of Kaiyuan. However, his exact death date remains problematic. According to Chavannes, he died in 603 in a battle during rebellion. Osawa on the other hand, states he died in 599. He was survived by his son Heshana Khagan.
- Bauer, Susan Wise (2010). The History of the Medieval World: From the Conversion of Constantine to the First Crusade. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 238. ISBN 978-0-393-05975-5.
- Christoph Baumer, History of Central Asia, volume 2, page 198, referencing Liu Mao-Tsai, Die Chinesischen Nachrichten..,1958
- Ötüken'den İstanbul'a Türkçenin 1290 Yılı (720-2010) Sempozyumu : bildiriler = From Ötüken to İstanbul, 1290 Years of Turkish (720-2010) : papers. Ölmez, Mehmet. İstanbul: İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi. 2011. ISBN 9786055592738. OCLC 976465442.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Erkoç, Hayrettin İhsan. "Batı Göktürk Kağanlığı'nın Kuruluşu / Foundation of the Western Türk Qaġanate".
- Chavannes, Édouard (1903). Documents sur les Tou-Kiue [Turcs] occidentaux (in French). Paris: Libr. d'Amérique et d'Orient : A. Maisonneuve.
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- Shamsiddin Sirozhiddinogly, Kamoliddin; Шамсиддин Сирожиддиноглы, Камолиддин (2006). Drevneti︠u︡rkskai︠a︡ toponimii︠a︡ Sredneĭ Azii. Tashkent: "Shark". p. 95. ISBN 9789943000032. OCLC 83599082.
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