Niri Qaghan

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Niri Qaghan
First Qaghan of the Western Turkic Khaganate
SuccessorHeshana Khagan
Died599 or 604
SpouseXiangshi 向氏
IssueHeshana Khagan
FatherYangsu Tegin

Niri Qaghan was a ruler of the Western Turkic Khaganate.[1]


According to Baumer[2] he ruled from 579 to circa 602/03. Baumer notes that the better-documented Tardu ruled from 575 to 603. According to de La Vaissere, the unnamed Turkic ruled who was in correspondence with Emperor Maurice was Niri.[3]


He was the grandson of Muqan Qaghan. His Chinese wife Xiang Shi (向氏) was married to his brother Poshi Tegin (婆實特勤) after his death and submitted to Tang during end of Kaiyuan.[4] However, his exact death date remains problematic. According to Chavannes, he died in 603 in a battle during rebellion.[5] Osawa on the other hand, states he died in 599.[6] He was survived by his son Heshana Khagan.


His memorial complex and statue was found in 2003 by Osawa Takashi in Xinjiang.[7] He founded a Buddhist temple in Romitan.[8]


  1. ^ Bauer, Susan Wise (2010). The History of the Medieval World: From the Conversion of Constantine to the First Crusade. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 238. ISBN 978-0-393-05975-5.
  2. ^ Christoph Baumer, History of Central Asia, volume 2, page 198, referencing Liu Mao-Tsai, Die Chinesischen Nachrichten..,1958
  3. ^ Ötüken'den İstanbul'a Türkçenin 1290 Yılı (720-2010) Sempozyumu : bildiriler = From Ötüken to İstanbul, 1290 Years of Turkish (720-2010) : papers. Ölmez, Mehmet. İstanbul: İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi. 2011. ISBN 9786055592738. OCLC 976465442.CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ Erkoç, Hayrettin İhsan. "Batı Göktürk Kağanlığı'nın Kuruluşu / Foundation of the Western Türk Qaġanate".
  5. ^ Chavannes, Édouard (1903). Documents sur les Tou-Kiue [Turcs] occidentaux (in French). Paris: Libr. d'Amérique et d'Orient : A. Maisonneuve.
  6. ^ "Revisiting the Ongi inscription of Mongolia from the Second Turkic Qa anate on the basis of rubbings by G. J. Ramstedt - PDF". Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  7. ^ "TURK BITIG". Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  8. ^ Shamsiddin Sirozhiddinogly, Kamoliddin; Шамсиддин Сирожиддиноглы, Камолиддин (2006). Drevneti︠u︡rkskai︠a︡ toponimii︠a︡ Sredneĭ Azii. Tashkent: "Shark". p. 95. ISBN 9789943000032. OCLC 83599082.