Nishan-e-Haider

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nishan-e-Haider
ن‍شان حیدر
Nishan-i-Haider-PAK.jpg
Awarded by the President of Pakistan in the name of the Government of Pakistan
Type Pakistan military medal with service ribbon
(Decoration)
Eligibility Military personnel only
Awarded for Acts of greatest heroism or of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme danger, and bravery of the highest order, or devotion to the country in the presence of the enemy on land, at sea or in the air.[1]
Status Currently awarded
Post-nominals NH
Statistics
Established 16 March 1957 [2] (applied retrospectively from 14 August 1947)
First awarded 16 March 1957 – Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, Captain Muhammad Sarwar, Pakistan army
Last awarded 15 July 1999 – Kargil War, Havildar Lalak Jan, Pakistan army
Total awarded 11
Posthumous
awards
11
Precedence
Next (higher) None
Equivalent Hilal-e-Kashmir
Next (lower) Hilal-i-Jur'at
Sitara-i-Jur'at
Tamgha-i-Jur'at

Nishan-e-Haider (Urdu: ن‍شان حیدر‎) (abbreviated as "NH") is Pakistan's highest military gallantry award. "Nishan-e-Haider" literally means "Mark of the Lion" in the Urdu language. The word "Haider" is also the epithet of Hazrat Ali.

The Nishan-e-Haider can only be awarded to members of the Pakistan Armed Forces for the highest acts of extraordinary bravery in face of the enemy in air, land or sea. Although some consider it equivalent to the British Victoria Cross and the United States Medal of Honor, it is unique in that it has so far been awarded only posthumously. Its exclusivity can be gauged by the fact that, since Pakistan's independence in 1947, there have been only ten recipients. However, it must be noted that the United States and United Kingdom have been engaged in combat far more frequently and for much longer durations than Pakistan, so it is a moot comparison.

History[edit]

The Nishan-e-Haider was established by the Government of Pakistan and named after Hazrat Ali on 16 March 1957, which is the year in which Pakistan became a republic. However, it was applied retroactively from the date of Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947. The Nishan-e-Haider is Pakistan's highest award and takes precedence over all military and civil awards. Of the ten Nishan-e-Haider recipients to date, nine have been from the Pakistan Army and one from the Pakistan Air Force.

Criterion[edit]

The Nishan-e-Haider can be awarded to all ranks of the Pakistan Armed Forces for showing great feats of extraordinary courage in face of the enemy during war or active duty. As a matter of practice and precedent, it has only been awarded in circumstances where it has been established that a member of the Pakistan Armed Forces acted with extraordinary bravery and valor in face of the enemy notwithstanding the realization of a high risk to his life and, consequentially, sacrificing his life in the act.[3][4]

Manufacturing[edit]

The Nishan-e-Haider is manufactured by Pakistan Mint on order of the Ministry of Defence, Government of Pakistan. It is forged from captured enemy equipment and consists of 88% copper, 10% tin and 2% zinc.

Recipients[edit]

Only ten Nishan-e-Haider medals have been awarded since Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947. Nine were to members of the Pakistan Army, and one to a member of the Pakistan Air Force. Below is the list of Nishan-e-Haider recipients.[5]

S. No. Name Unit and service Rank Conflict Date of Action
1 Raja Muhammad Sarwar Shaheed 2/1 Punjab Regiment, Pakistan Army Captain 1948 Indo-Pak War 27 July 1948
2 Tufail Mohammad Shaheed Punjab Regiment, Pakistan Army Major 1958 Indo-Pak Border Skirmish 7 August 1958
3 Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed 17 Punjab Regiment, Pakistan Army Major 1965 Indo-Pak War 10 September 1965
4 Rashid Minhas Shaheed No. 2 Fighter Conversion Unit, Pakistan Air Force Pilot Officer Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 20 August 1971
5 Rana Shabbir Sharif Shaheed 6 Frontier Force Regiment, Pakistan Army Major Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 6 December 1971
6 Sawar Muhammad Hussain Janjua Shaheed 20 Lancers (Armoured Corps), Pakistan Army Sawar Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 10 December 1971
7 Muhammad Akram Shaheed 4 Frontier Force Regiment, Pakistan Army Major Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 5 December 1971
8 Muhammad Mahfuz Shaheed 15 Punjab Regiment, Pakistan Army Lance Naik 1971 Indo-Pak War 17 December 1971
09 Karnal Sher Khan Shaheed Sindh Regiment/12 Northern Light Infantry, Pakistan Army Captain 1999 Indo-Pak Kargil Conflict 7 July 1999
10 Lalak Jan Shaheed 12 Northern Light Infantry, Pakistan Army Havildar 1999 Indo-Pak Kargil Conflict 7 July 1999

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ "Honours and Awards". Pakistan Army. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  4. ^ "Nishan e Haider holders of Pakistan Army ~ PAKISTAN DEFENCE BLOG". www.defenceblog.org. Retrieved 2015-08-24. 
  5. ^ "Recipients of "Nishan-e-Haider"". Pakistan Paedia. JalalsPages. 28 November 2005. 

External links[edit]