Nishan-e-Pakistan

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Nishan-e-Pakistan
Nishan e Pakistan.jpg
TypeNational Civilian
CountryPakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Presented by
State emblem of Pakistan.svg
Government of Pakistan
RibbonOrder of Pakistan.png
Established19 March 1957
First awarded1959
Last awarded2020
Precedence
Next (higher)none
EquivalentNishan Haider Ribbon Nishan-e-Haider
Next (lower)Sitara-i-Imtiaz Hilal-e-Pakistan

The Nishan-e-Pakistan (Urdu: نشان پاکستان‎, English: Order of Pakistan) is the highest civil award and decoration of Pakistan bestowed by the president on foreign nationals as well as for the highest degree of service to the country.[1] The award was established on 19 March 1957.[1]

The Nishan-e-Pakistan is conferred for the merit and distinguished services to the country, international community, and foreign relations. This award, like other civilian awards, is announced on 14 August each year and its investiture takes place on following 23 March. Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal NPk.

Foreign recipients of Nishan-e-Pakistan[edit]

Year Name Field Country
1958 Haile Selassie I[2] Emperor of Ethiopia Ethiopia
1960 Hussein bin Talal King of Jordan The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
9 November 1959 Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Shah of Iran Imperial State of Iran
1960 Queen Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms
13 January 1961 Josip Broz Tito President of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
1962 Bhumibol Adulyadej King of Thailand Thailand
7 December 1957 Dwight Eisenhower President of the United States United States
1 August 1969 Richard Nixon[3] President of the United States United States
1983 King Birendra King of Nepal Nepal
23 March 1983 Aga Khan IV[4] Leader of Ismaili Muslims United Kingdom
19 May 1990 Morarji Desai[5] Prime Minister of India India
18 September 1992 Hassanal Bolkiah Sultan of Brunei Darussalam Brunei
3 October 1992 Nelson Mandela[6] President of South Africa South Africa
10 April 1999 Li Peng Premier of the People's Republic of China China
6 April 1999 Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani[7] Emir of Qatar Qatar
21 April 2001 Qaboos bin Said [8] Sultan of Oman Oman
1 February 2006 King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al Saud[9] King of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
24 November 2006 Hu Jintao[10] President of the People's Republic of China China
26 October 2009 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[11][12] Prime Minister of Turkey Turkey
2009 Emperor Akihito[7] Emperor of Japan Japan
31 March 2010 Abdullah Gul[13][14] President of Turkey Turkey
22 May 2013 Li Keqiang[15] Premier of the People's Republic of China China
21 April 2015 Xi Jinping[16] President of the People's Republic of China China
23 May 2018 Fidel Castro[17] President of Cuba Cuba
18 February 2019 Mohammad bin Salman[18][19] Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
22 March 2019 Mahathir Mohamad[20] Prime Minister of Malaysia Malaysia
26 May 2019 Wang Qishan[21] Vice President of China China
23 June 2019 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani[22] Emir of Qatar Qatar
23 March 2020 Daren Sammy[23] West Indies cricketer Saint Lucia
14 August 2020 Syed Ali Shah Geelani[24] Hurriyat Leader India
5 November 2020 Sefik Dzaferovic[25] Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina

Recipients of the Sitara-e-Pakistan[edit]

Sitara-e-Pakistan (Star of Pakistan), stands third in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan and the Hilal-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1958 Aslam Khattak Politician/chairman, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan Pakistan
1959 Abdus Salam Scientist and Science Advisor to the Government of Pakistan Pakistan
1965 Air Commodore Władysław Turowicz military scientist and engineer Pakistan
1965 Vice-Admiral Syed Mohammad Ahsan Naval intelligence officer and Chief of Naval Staff Pakistan
1966 A G N Kazi Chairman Water and Power Development Authority Pakistan
1970 Jamil Ansari Editor-in-Chief Dawn 1965–1972[26] Pakistan
1971 Rear Admiral Leslie Mungavin Naval Officer Pakistan
1972 Chief Justice Bashiruddin Ahmed Khan Judge Pakistan
Akhtar Hameed Khan Social scientist, he pioneered microcredit, microfinance, and rural development initiatives Pakistan
Syed Hashim Raza[27] Former Governor of East Pakistan, first administrator of Karachi (1948–1951) Pakistan
1998 Himalaya SJB Rana First governor of Central Bank of Nepal, Former UN delegate to Pakistan – for his role in the development of Pakistan-Nepal friendship Nepal
2002 Mumtaz Tarar Chairman Human Rights commission Pakistan
Habibullah Khan Khattak for action in Burma during World War II Pakistan
Bronte Clucas Quayle, CB, OBE, QC, for his services in drafting the 1962 Constitution of Pakistan Australia
1991 James M. Shera, MBE Politician, Head of the International Curriculum Support Services, Education Department United Kingdom
2006 Grace Warren surgeon, leprosy expert Australia}
2009 Greg Mortenson humanitarian, Central Asia Institute – for promoting girls' literacy and education, and establishing schools in Pakistan United States
2008 Khaled Almaeena[28] journalist, Saudi Gazette – Journalism Saudi Arabia
2009 An Qiguang[29] Former Counsel General of China in Karachi for his notable services in strengthening the relations between Pakistan and China China
2012 Rowan Douglas Williams[30] Anglican bishop, Archbishop of Canterbury, public services to Pakistan United Kingdom
2014 General C. S. Weerasooriya[31] Former Sri Lankan High Commissioner to Pakistan Sri Lanka
2018 Kimihide Ando[32][33] Chief Executive Officer Mitsubishi Corporation Pakistan, services to Pakistan Japan
2018 Haris Silajdžić[32] Bosnian politician, former member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, services to Pakistan Bosnia and Herzegovina
2018 Song Jong-hwan[32][34] diplomat, former Korean ambassador to Pakistan, services to Pakistan South Korea
2018 Sadiq Khan[32] British politician, current Mayor of London, for services to Pakistan United Kingdom

Recipients of the Tamgha-e-Pakistan[edit]

Tamgha-e-Pakistan (Medal of Pakistan), stands fourth in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan, Hilal-e-Pakistan, Sitara-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field
1959 Sartaj Aziz Economics
1965 Rashid Ahmed Naval officer
1965 Maqbool Ahmed Ansari Naval officer
1967 Hermanegild Marcos Antonio Drago Community service
1968 Aslam Azhar[35] Television Broadcasting
1971 Ahmed Hussain A Kazi Public Service
1987 Neerja Harish Bhanot Public Service
2012 Emmanuel Nicholas Community (Education)
2012 Li Xiaolin[30] Community (Investment)
2015 Manju Ratna Sakya Awarded Tamgha-e-Pakistan for his services to strengthen Pakistan-Nepal relation

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Honour & Awards Policy Eligibility Processing of Awards" (PDF).
  2. ^ ከበደ, በሪሁን (21 September 1993). የአፄ ኃይለሥላሴ ታሪክ. Addis Ababa: አርቲስቲክ ማተሚያ ቤት. p. 1077.
  3. ^ Richard Nixon (1 August 1969). "Remarks on Accepting the Nishan-e-Pakistan". Retrieved 28 May 2016 – via The American Presidency Project, U.C. Santa Barbara.
  4. ^ "Mowlana Hazar Imam Receives Pakistan Award". Heritage Society. 23 March 1983. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  5. ^ Shyam Bhatia (11 July 2001). "When India and Pakistan almost made peace". Rediff. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Mandela in Pakistan". The Independent. UK. 3 October 1992. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Chinese President 'Xi Jinping' awarded with Nishan-e-Pakistan". The News Teller. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Mamnoon confers top civil award on President Xi". DAWN.COM. 22 April 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  9. ^ "King Abdullah ends Asian tour with state visit to Pakistan". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington, D.C. 1 February 2006. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008.
  10. ^ Subramanian, Nirupama (25 November 2006). "Hu Jintao awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan". The Hindu (newspaper). Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Pakistan, Turkey can together bring peace to region: Erdogan". Associated Press of Pakistan. 26 October 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012.
  12. ^ "Erdogan conferred Nishan-e-Pakistan". The Nation. APP. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Nawaz thanks Gul for supporting Pakistan in hard times". The News International. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Turkish President arrives on four-day visit". Dunya News. 30 March 2010. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  15. ^ "Chinese PM awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan on arrival in Islamabad". The Express Tribune. AFP and Reuters. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Nishan-e-Pakistan award conferred on Xi Jinping". The Hindu. PTI. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Pakistan is honouring late Cuban leader Fidel Castro with Nishan-e-Pakistan today – here's why". Times Now. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  18. ^ "President Alvi confers Nishan-e-Pakistan on Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman". The Express Tribune. 18 February 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  19. ^ PTI (18 February 2019). "Pakistan confers highest civilian award Nishan-e-Pakistan on Saudi Crown Prince". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  20. ^ "Pakistan to confer highest civilian award on Dr M". Malay Mail. 20 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  21. ^ "Chinese Vice President Wang Qishan bestowed with Nishan-e-Pakistan by President Arif Alvi". The News International. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Chinese Vice President Wang Qishan bestowed with Nishan-e-Pakistan by President Arif Alvi". The News International. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Darren Sammy to become honorary citizen of Pakistan". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  24. ^ Bhat, Tariq (14 August 2020). "Pakistan confers highest civilian award on Syed Ali Shah Geelani". The Week. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  25. ^ @PresOfPakistan (5 November 2020). "President Dr. Arif Alvi conferring the award of Nishan-e-Pakistan on Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sefik Dzaferovic, at Aiwan-e-Sadr" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  26. ^ Khan, Humaira M.; Sadriwala, Maryam Murtaza (2004). Dawn: The History. Department of Mass Communication, University of Karachi.[page needed]
  27. ^ "Hashim Raza passes away". Dawn. 1 October 2003. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  28. ^ "Sitara-i-Imtiaz conferred on Saudi journalist". AsiaMedia. 22 January 2009. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  29. ^ "President confers Sitara i Pakistan on former Chinese envoy". Associated Press Of Pakistan. 3 October 2009. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  30. ^ a b "Recognising excellence: Manto among 192 recipients of top civil award". The Express Tribune. 14 August 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  31. ^ "Gen. Srilal Weerasuriya honored in recognition of receiving top civil award". The Island. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  32. ^ a b c d "141 to get civil awards on Yaum-i-Pakistan". Dawn. 16 March 2018.
  33. ^ "Sitar-e-Pakistan laureate Kimihide Ando's achievements marked". The Nation. 29 April 2018.
  34. ^ Joel Lee (13 August 2018). "Ex-Korean envoy receives Pakistan's highest civilian honor". The Korea Herald.
  35. ^ "Aslam Azhar — a hard but happy life". Dawn. 15 January 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2016.

External links[edit]