Nishan-e-Pakistan

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Ribbon of Nishan-e-Pakistan

The Nishan-e-Pakistan (Urdu: نشان پاکستان‎, English: Order of Pakistan) is the highest of civil awards and decorations given by the Government of Pakistan for the highest degree of service to the country and nation of Pakistan. The award was established on 19 March 1957.

The Nishan-e-Pakistan, unlike other honours, is a highly restricted and most prestigious award and is only conferred for the merit and distinguished services to the country, international community, and foreign relations. This award, like other civilian awards, is announced on 14 August each year and its investiture takes place on following 23 March. Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal NPk.

Foreign recipients of Nishan-e-Pakistan[edit]

Year Name Field Country
9 November 1959 Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Shah of Iran Iran Imperial State of Iran
1960 Queen Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom
(Former Queen of Pakistan)
 United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms
13 January 1961 Josip Broz Tito President of Yugoslavia  Yugoslavia
1962 Bhumibol Adulyadej King of Thailand  Thailand
7 December 1957 Dwight Eisenhower President of the United States  United States
1 August 1969 Richard Nixon[1] President of the United States  United States
1983 King Birendra King of Nepal    Nepal
23 March 1983 Aga Khan IV[2] Leader of Ismaili Muslims  United Kingdom
19 May 1990 Morarji Desai[3] Prime Minister of India  India
18 September 1992 Hassanal Bolkiah Sultan of Brunei Darussalam  Brunei
3 October 1992 Nelson Mandela[4] President of South Africa  South Africa
10 April 1999 Li Peng Premier of the People's Republic of China  China
6 April 1999 Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani[5] Emir of Qatar  Qatar
21 April 2001 Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said[6] Sultan of Oman  Oman
1 February 2006 King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al Saud[7] King of Saudi Arabia  Saudi Arabia
24 November 2006 Hu Jintao[8] President of the People's Republic of China  China
26 October 2009 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[9][10] Prime Minister of Turkey  Turkey
Emperor Akihito Emperor of Japan  Japan
31 March 2010 Abdullah Gul[11][12] President of Turkey  Turkey
22 May 2013 Li Keqiang[13] Premier of the People's Republic of China  China
21 April 2015 Xi Jinping[14] President of the People's Republic of China  China
23 May 2018 Fidel Castro[15] President of Cuba  Cuba
18 February 2019 Mohammad bin Salman[16] Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia  Saudi Arabia
22 March 2019 Mahathir Mohamad[17] Prime Minister of Malaysia  Malaysia
26 May 2019 Wang Qishan[18] Vice President of China  China
23 June 2019 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani[19] Emir of Qatar  Qatar

Recipients of the Hilal-e-Pakistan[edit]

Hilal-e-Pakistan (Crescent of Pakistan), stands second in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-E-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1957 Amin Ahmed Chief Justice of Dhaka High Court  Pakistan
1958 Akhter Husain Governor of West Pakistan, Civil Servant  Pakistan
1958 Abdul Wahid Adamjee Businessman, Industrialist  Pakistan
1958 Emperor Haile Selassie Emperor of Ethiopia  Ethiopia
1962 Asghar Khan Commander in Chief of Pakistan Air Force  Pakistan
1964 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Foreign Minister of Pakistan  Pakistan[20]
1971 Justice Hamood ur Rahman Chief Justice of Pakistan  Pakistan
1989 Ruth Pfau Nun and Leprosy Doctor  Germany
1995 Sir Gerald Kaufman[21][22] British Labour Party politician and Member of Parliament  United Kingdom
2005 Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan Minister of Culture, UAE  United Arab Emirates
2008 Joe Biden[23] Vice President-elect of the United States  United States
2011 Ronald Noble[24] Secretary-General of Interpol  United States
2012 Yang Jiechi[25] Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China  China
2012 Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Princess of Thailand  Thailand
2014 Irina Bokova Culture  Bulgaria
2015 Mehriban Aliyeva[26] Culture  Azerbaijan

Recipients of the Sitara-e-Pakistan[edit]

Sitara-e-Pakistan (Star of Pakistan), stands third in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan and the Hilal-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1958 Aslam Khattak Politician/chairman, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan  Pakistan
1959 Abdus Salam Scientist and Science Advisor to the Government of Pakistan  Pakistan
1965 Air Commodore Władysław Turowicz military scientist and engineer  Pakistan
1965 Vice-Admiral Syed Mohammad Ahsan Naval intelligence officer and Chief of Naval Staff  Pakistan
1966 A G N Kazi Chairman Water and Power Development Authority  Pakistan
1970 Jamil Ansari Editor-in-Chief Dawn 1965–1972[27]  Pakistan
1971 Rear Admiral Leslie Mungavin Naval Officer  Pakistan
1972 Chief Justice Bashiruddin Ahmed Khan Judge  Pakistan
Akhtar Hameed Khan Social scientist, he pioneered microcredit, microfinance, and rural development initiatives  Pakistan
Syed Hashim Raza[28] Former Governor of East Pakistan, first administrator of Karachi (1948–1951)  Pakistan
1998 Himalaya SJB Rana First governor of Central Bank of Nepal, Former UN delegate to Pakistan – for his role in the development of Pakistan-Nepal friendship    Nepal
2002 Mumtaz Tarar Chairman Human Rights commission  Pakistan
Habibullah Khan Khattak for action in Burma during World War II  Pakistan
Bronte Clucas Quayle, CB, OBE, QC, for his services in drafting the 1962 Constitution of Pakistan  Australia
1991 James M. Shera, MBE Politician, Head of the International Curriculum Support Services, Education Department  United Kingdom
2006 Grace Warren surgeon, leprosy expert  Australia
2009 Greg Mortenson humanitarian, Central Asia Institute – for promoting girls' literacy and education, and establishing schools in Pakistan  United States
2008 Khaled Almaeena[29] journalist, Saudi Gazette – Journalism  Saudi Arabia
2009 An Qiguang[30] Former Counsel General of China in Karachi for his notable services in strengthening the relations between Pakistan and China  China
2012 Rowan Douglas Williams[25] Anglican bishop, Archbishop of Canterbury, public services to Pakistan  United Kingdom
2014 General C. S. Weerasooriya[31] Former Sri Lankan High Commissioner to Pakistan  Sri Lanka
2018 Kimihide Ando[32][33] Chief Executive Officer Mitsubishi Corporation Pakistan, services to Pakistan  Japan
2018 Haris Silajdžić[32] Bosnian politician, former member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, services to Pakistan  Bosnia and Herzegovina
2018 Song Jong-hwan[32][34] diplomat, former Korean ambassador to Pakistan, services to Pakistan  South Korea
2018 Sadiq Khan[32] British politician, current Mayor of London, for services to Pakistan  United Kingdom

Recipients of the Tamgha-e-Pakistan[edit]

Tamgha-e-Pakistan (Medal of Pakistan), stands fourth in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan, Hilal-e-Pakistan, Sitara-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1959 Sartaj Aziz Economics  Pakistan
1965 Rashid Ahmed Naval officer  Pakistan
1967 Hermanegild Marcos Antonio Drago Community service  Pakistan
1968 Aslam Azhar[35] Television Broadcasting  Pakistan
1971 Ahmed Hussain A Kazi Public Service  Pakistan
1987 Neerja Harish Bhanot Public Service  India
2012 Emmanuel Nicholas Community (Education)  Sri Lanka
2012 Li Xiaolin[25] Community (Investment)  China
2018 Muhammad Ayhan Murtaza Community (Education)  Pakistan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Nixon (1 August 1969). "Remarks on Accepting the Nishan-e-Pakistan". Retrieved 28 May 2016 – via The American Presidency Project, U.C. Santa Barbara.
  2. ^ "Mowlana Hazar Imam Receives Pakistan Award". Heritage Society. 23 March 1983. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  3. ^ Shyam Bhatia (11 July 2001). "When India and Pakistan almost made peace". Rediff. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Mandela in Pakistan". The Independent. UK. 3 October 1992. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  5. ^ http://www.ssig.kpkk.gov.my/ssig/news/fullnews.php?news_id=77780&news_cat=sn[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "The Al-Busaid Dynasty: Genealogy". Royalark.net. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  7. ^ "King Abdullah ends Asian tour with state visit to Pakistan". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington, D.C. 1 February 2006. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008.
  8. ^ Subramanian, Nirupama (25 November 2006). "Hu Jintao awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan". The Hindu (newspaper). Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Pakistan, Turkey can together bring peace to region: Erdogan". Associated Press of Pakistan. 26 October 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Erdogan conferred Nishan-e-Pakistan". [[The Nation (Pakistan)}|The Nation]]. APP. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Nawaz thanks Gul for supporting Pakistan in hard times". The News International. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  12. ^ "Turkish President arrives on four-day visit". Dunya News. 30 March 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2017.[dead link]
  13. ^ "Chinese PM awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan on arrival in Islamabad". The Express Tribune. AFP and Reuters. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Nishan-e-Pakistan award conferred on Xi Jinping". The Hindu. PTI. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  15. ^ "Pakistan is honouring late Cuban leader Fidel Castro with Nishan-e-Pakistan today – here's why". Times Now. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  16. ^ "President Alvi confers Nishan-e-Pakistan on Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman". The Express Tribune. 18 February 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  17. ^ "Pakistan to confer highest civilian award on Dr M". Malay Mail. 20 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  18. ^ "Chinese Vice President Wang Qishan bestowed with Nishan-e-Pakistan by President Arif Alvi". The News International. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Chinese Vice President Wang Qishan bestowed with Nishan-e-Pakistan by President Arif Alvi". The News International. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  20. ^ "Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's special writing on January 5, 2017 on the 89th birthday" (in Urdu). qalamkar.pk. 5 January 2017.
  21. ^ "High Commissioner condoles the death of veteran British politician Sir Gerald Kaufman MP". High Commission for Pakistan. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  22. ^ "Tribute to Sir Gerald Kaufman — a great friend of Pakistan". The News International. 4 March 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  23. ^ "Hilal-i-Pakistan conferred on US VP-elect". The Nation. 10 January 2009.
  24. ^ "Pakistan honours INTERPOL". Interpol. 24 March 2011. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  25. ^ a b c "Recognising excellence: Manto among 192 recipients of top civil award". The Express Tribune. 14 August 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  26. ^ "Mehriban Aliyeva: Hilal-e-Pakistan recipient serving humanity". Heydar Aliyev Foundation. 25 August 2015.
  27. ^ Khan, Humaira M.; Sadriwala, Maryam Murtaza (2004). Dawn: The History. Department of Mass Communication, University of Karachi.[page needed]
  28. ^ "Hashim Raza passes away". Dawn. 1 October 2003. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  29. ^ "Sitara-i-Imtiaz conferred on Saudi journalist". AsiaMedia. 22 January 2009. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  30. ^ "President confers Sitara i Pakistan on former Chinese envoy". Associated Press Of Pakistan. 3 October 2009. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  31. ^ "Gen. Srilal Weerasuriya honored in recognition of receiving top civil award". The Island. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  32. ^ a b c d "141 to get civil awards on Yaum-i-Pakistan". Dawn. 16 March 2018.
  33. ^ "Sitar-e-Pakistan laureate Kimihide Ando's achievements marked". The Nation. 29 April 2018.
  34. ^ Joel Lee (13 August 2018). "Ex-Korean envoy receives Pakistan's highest civilian honor". The Korea Herald.
  35. ^ "Aslam Azhar — a hard but happy life". Dawn. 15 January 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2016.

External links[edit]