Nishan-e-Pakistan

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Nishan-e-Pakistan
نشانِ پاکستان
Nishan e Pakistan.jpg
TypeNational Civilian
Awarded for"rendered services of highest distinction" to the national interest of Pakistan.[1]
CountryPakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Presented by
Coat of arms of Pakistan.svg
Government of Pakistan
Established19 March 1957
First awarded1959
Last awarded2020
Nishan-e-Pakistan.png
Service Ribbon of Nishan-e-Pakistan
Precedence
Next (higher)none
EquivalentNishan-e-Imtiaz.pngNishan-e-Imtiaz (Military)
Hilal-e-Imtiaz (Civilian).pngNishan-e-Imtiaz (Civilian)
Next (lower)Nishan-e-Pakistan.pngHilal-e-Pakistan

The Nishan-e-Pakistan (Urdu: نشانِ پاکستان, lit.'Order of Pakistan') is the highest civilian award of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.[2] It is awarded for "those who have rendered services of highest distinction" to the national interest of Pakistan. Nishan is awarded to the government officials and civilians, including citizens of Pakistan and foreign nationals. In Pakistan honours system, Nishan-e-Pakistan is equivalent to Nishan-e-Haider, the highest military gallantry award.[1] Established on 19 March 1975 under the Decorations Act, 1975,[3] the award is not correlated to the rank or status of a person.[1]

This award, including other civilian awards, is announced on Independence Day (14 August) each year and its investiture takes place on following Pakistan Resolution Day (23 March) by the president of Pakistan[4] and, while it is the highest civilian award, it can also be awarded posthumously.[5] Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal NPk.

Foreign recipients of Nishan-e-Pakistan[edit]

Year Name Field Country
1958 Haile Selassie I[6] Emperor of Ethiopia Ethiopia
1960 Hussein bin Talal King of Jordan The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
9 November 1959 Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Shah of Iran Imperial State of Iran
1960 Queen Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms
13 January 1961 Josip Broz Tito President of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
1962 Bhumibol Adulyadej King of Thailand Thailand
7 December 1957 Dwight Eisenhower President of the United States United States
1 August 1969 Richard Nixon[7] President of the United States United States
1983 King Birendra King of Nepal Nepal
23 March 1983 Aga Khan IV[8] Leader of Ismaili Muslims United Kingdom
19 May 1990 Morarji Desai[9] Prime Minister of India India
18 September 1992 Hassanal Bolkiah Sultan of Brunei Darussalam Brunei
3 October 1992 Nelson Mandela[10] President of South Africa South Africa
30 August 1995 Sadžida Silajdžić Ambassador of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
10 April 1999 Li Peng Premier of the People's Republic of China China
6 April 1999 Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani[11] Emir of Qatar Qatar
21 April 2001 Qaboos bin Said[12] Sultan of Oman Oman
1 February 2006 King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al Saud[13] King of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
24 November 2006 Hu Jintao[14] President of the People's Republic of China China
26 October 2009 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[15][16] Prime Minister of Turkey Turkey
2009 Emperor Akihito[11] Emperor of Japan Japan
31 March 2010 Abdullah Gul[17][18] President of Turkey Turkey
22 May 2013 Li Keqiang[19] Premier of the People's Republic of China China
21 April 2015 Xi Jinping[20] President of the People's Republic of China China
23 May 2018 Fidel Castro[21] President of Cuba Cuba
19 November 2018 Haris Silajdžić Bosniak Member of the Presidency of Bosna and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
18 February 2019 Mohammad bin Salman[22][23] Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
22 March 2019 Mahathir Mohamad[24] Prime Minister of Malaysia Malaysia
26 May 2019 Wang Qishan[25] Vice President of China China
23 June 2019 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani[26] Emir of Qatar Qatar
23 March 2020 Daren Sammy[27] West Indies cricketer Saint Lucia
14 August 2020 Syed Ali Shah Geelani[28] Hurriyat Leader India
5 November 2020 Sefik Dzaferovic[29] Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Honour & Awards Policy" (PDF). cabinet.gov.pk. Cabinet Division. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Pakistan confers highest civilian award Nishan-e-Pakistan on Saudi Crown Prince". The Hindu. 18 February 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  3. ^ "The Decorations Act, 1975" (PDF). na.gov.pk. National Assembly of Pakistan. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Conferment of Civil Awards 2020" (PDF). cabinet.gov.pk. Cabinet of Pakistan. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Pakistan is honouring late Cuban leader Fidel Castro with Nishan-e-Pakistan today – here's why". Latest News India. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  6. ^ ከበደ, በሪሁን (21 September 1993). የአፄ ኃይለሥላሴ ታሪክ. Addis Ababa: አርቲስቲክ ማተሚያ ቤት. p. 1077.
  7. ^ Richard Nixon (1 August 1969). "Remarks on Accepting the Nishan-e-Pakistan". Retrieved 28 May 2016 – via The American Presidency Project, U.C. Santa Barbara.
  8. ^ "Mowlana Hazar Imam Receives Pakistan Award". Heritage Society. 23 March 1983. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  9. ^ Shyam Bhatia (11 July 2001). "When India and Pakistan almost made peace". Rediff. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  10. ^ "Mandela in Pakistan". The Independent. UK. 3 October 1992. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Chinese President 'Xi Jinping' awarded with Nishan-e-Pakistan". The News Teller. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Mamnoon confers top civil award on President Xi". DAWN.COM. 22 April 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  13. ^ "King Abdullah ends Asian tour with state visit to Pakistan". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington, D.C. 1 February 2006. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008.
  14. ^ Subramanian, Nirupama (25 November 2006). "Hu Jintao awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan". The Hindu (newspaper). Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  15. ^ "Pakistan, Turkey can together bring peace to region: Erdogan". Associated Press of Pakistan. 26 October 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012.
  16. ^ "Erdogan conferred Nishan-e-Pakistan". The Nation. APP. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Nawaz thanks Gul for supporting Pakistan in hard times". The News International. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  18. ^ "Turkish President arrives on four-day visit". Dunya News. 30 March 2010. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  19. ^ "Chinese PM awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan on arrival in Islamabad". The Express Tribune. AFP and Reuters. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  20. ^ "Nishan-e-Pakistan award conferred on Xi Jinping". The Hindu. PTI. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  21. ^ "Pakistan is honouring late Cuban leader Fidel Castro with Nishan-e-Pakistan today – here's why". Times Now. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  22. ^ "President Alvi confers Nishan-e-Pakistan on Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman". The Express Tribune. 18 February 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  23. ^ PTI (18 February 2019). "Pakistan confers highest civilian award Nishan-e-Pakistan on Saudi Crown Prince". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Pakistan to confer highest civilian award on Dr M". Malay Mail. 20 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Chinese Vice President Wang Qishan bestowed with Nishan-e-Pakistan by President Arif Alvi". The News International. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  26. ^ "Chinese Vice President Wang Qishan bestowed with Nishan-e-Pakistan by President Arif Alvi". The News International. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  27. ^ "Darren Sammy to become honorary citizen of Pakistan". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  28. ^ Bhat, Tariq (14 August 2020). "Pakistan confers highest civilian award on Syed Ali Shah Geelani". The Week. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  29. ^ @PresOfPakistan (5 November 2020). "President Dr. Arif Alvi conferring the award of Nishan-e-Pakistan on Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sefik Dzaferovic, at Aiwan-e-Sadr" (Tweet) – via Twitter.

External links[edit]