Nishio Domain

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reconstructed yagura of Nishio Castle, administrative center for Nishio Domain

Nishio Domain (西尾藩, Nishio han) was a feudal domain of the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in former Mikawa Province, in what is now the modern-day city of Nishio in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. It was centered on Nishio Castle.


When Tokugawa Ieyasu became independent of the Imagawa clan in 1561, he established Nishio Castle, and assigned his close hereditary retainer, Sakai Masachika to become its first castellan. It was a mark of Ieyasu’s favor and trust, as Sakai Masachika was the first of Ieyasu’s retainers to be so honored. Following the Battle of Sekigahara, the Sakai clan was reassigned to more lucrative territories in western Japan, and was replaced by a branch of the Honda clan as first rulers of the new Nishio-han. The domain changed hands with almost every generation, reverting for periods to tenryō status under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. The Doi clan held the territory for almost 100 years (1663-1747), and the Ogyu branch of the Matsudaira clan from 1764 until the Meiji restoration in 1867. The final daimyō, Matsudaira Noritsune, took part in the Second Chōshū expedition, and was assigned to guard Osaka and Kyoto, but presided over domain deeply divided between pro- and anti- Shogunal factions. He surrendered to the new Meiji government during the Boshin War, after the defection of many junior samurai to the pro-Imperial cause. The domain had a population of 55,220 people in 13,039 households per the 1867 census, of whom 51,119 people were classed as farmers. The domain maintained its primary residence (kamiyashiki) in Edo at Daimyo-koji, in Marunouchi. Until the An’ei period (1772-1781)[1] Nishio Domain was not a single contiguous territory, but consisted of many widely scattered holdings, which at the end of the Edo period consisted of:

After the abolition of the han system in July 1871, the domain became “Nishio Prefecture”, which later became part of Nukata Prefecture, and finally Aichi Prefecture.

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank kokudaka Lineage
Japanese crest Honda Tachi Aoi.svg Honda clan (fudai) 1601–1617
1 Honda Yasutoshi (本多 康俊) 1601–1617 Nui-no-suke (縫殿助) Lower 5th
20,000 koku 2nd son of Sakai Tadatsugu
Maruni-kuginuki.jpg Ogyū-Matsudaira clan (fudai) 1617–1621
1 Matsudaira Narishige (松平 成重) 1617–1621 Ukon-no-jō (右近将監) Lower 5th
20,000 koku transfer to Kameyama Domain
Japanese crest Honda Tachi Aoi.svg Honda clan (fudai) 1621–1636
1 Honda Toshitsugu (本多 俊次) 1621–1636 Shimōsa-no-kami (下総守) Lower 5th
35,000 koku son of Honda Yasutoshi; transfer to Kameyama Domain
Mitsubaaoi.jpgtenryō 1636–1638
Maru-ni-kiyo.jpg Ōta clan (fudai) 1638–1644
1 Ōta Sukemune (太田 資宗) 1638–1644 Bitchu-no-kami (備中守) Lower 5th
15,000 –> 35,000 koku transfer from Yamakawa Domain; 2nd son of Ōta Shigemasa;
transfer to Hamamatsu Domain
Mitsubaaoi.jpgtenryō 1644–1645
Japanese crest Hikone tachibana.png Ii clan (fudai) 1645–1659
1 Ii Naoyoshi (井伊 直好) 1645–1659 Hyōbu-no-shō (兵部少輔) Lower 5th
35,000 koku transfer from Anaka Domain; son of Ii Naokatsu; transfer to Kakegawa Domain
Japanese Crest Masuyama Karigane.svg Mashiyama clan (fudai) 1659–1663
1 Mashiyama Masatoshi (増山 正利) 1659–1662 Danjō-shōhitsu (弾正少弼) Lower 5th
20,000 koku son of Aoki Toshinaga
2 Mashiyama Masamitsu (増山 正弥) 1662–1663 Hyōbu-no-shō (兵部少輔) Lower 5th
20,000 koku son of Nasu Tsukemutsu; transfer to Shimodate Domain
Mutsu-Mizuguruma crest.jpg Doi clan (fudai) 1663-1747
1 Doi Toshinaga (土井 利長) 1663–1681 Hyōgo-ryō (兵庫頭) Lower 5th
23,000 koku 2nd son of Doi Toshikatsu
2 Doi Toshimoto (土井 利意) 1681–1724 Yamashiro-no-kami (山城守) Lower 5th
23,000 koku 7th son of Inaba Masanori
3 Doi Toshitsune (土井 利庸) 1724–1734 Awaji-no-kami (淡路守) Lower 5th
23,000 koku adopted from Miura clan
4 Doi Toshinobu (土井 利信) 1734–1747 Iyo-no-kami (伊予守) Lower 5th
23,000 koku son of Toshinaga; transfer to Kariya Domain
Japanese Crest Miura mitu Hiki.svg Miura clan (fudai) 1747-1764
1 Miura Yoshisato (三浦 義理) 1747–1756 Kazue-no-kami (主計頭) Lower 5th
23,000 koku son of Akihiro; transfer from Kariya Domain
2 Miura Akitsugu (三浦 明次) 1756–1764 Hyōgo-ryō (兵庫頭) Lower 5th
23,000 koku 3rd son of Akitaka; transfer to Katsuyama Domain
Japanese Crest Tuta.png Ogyū-Matsudaira clan (fudai) 1764-1871
1 Matsudaira Norisuke (松平 乗祐) 1764–1769 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 5th
60,000 koku son of Norisato; transfer from Yamagata Domain
2 Matsudaira Norisada (松平乗完) 1769–1793 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 4th
60,000 koku 4th son of Norisuke
3 Matsudaira Norihiro (松平 乗寛) 1793–1839 Izumi-no-kami( 和泉守) Lower 5th
60,000 koku son of Norisada
4 Matsudaira Noriyasu (松平 乗全) 1839–1862 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 4th
60,000 koku son of Norihiro
5 Matsudaira Noritsune (松平 乗秩) 1862–1871 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 5th
60,000 koku 2nd son of Norihiro


  • Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972. 

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Edo (in Japanese)

Coordinates: 34°51′6″N 137°02′55″E / 34.85167°N 137.04861°E / 34.85167; 137.04861