Nisroch (Hebrew: נִסְרֹךְ; Greek: Νεσεραχ; Latin: Nesroch) (Aramaic: ܢܝܼܫܪܵܟ݂) is an otherwise unknown Assyrian god in whose temple King Sennacherib was worshiping when he was assassinated by his sons Adrammelech and Shizrezer. (2 Kings 19:37; Isa. 37:38). He has been tentatively identified as the god of agriculture.
(See also Mesopotamian Religion)
In the Midrash, "Nisroch" is actually said to be derived from the Hebrew word "neser." Neser was the name given to a plank of wood discovered by Sennacherib on his return to Assyria from his campaign in Judah. The sages write that this plank was originally part of Noah's Ark, and that Sennacherib worshiped it as an idol. It would therefore be concluded that it was this idol that Sennacherib was worshiping when he was murdered by his two sons.
Nisroch in demonology
Some religious authors consider Nisroch to be a fallen angel, once of the order of Principalities and an associate to Belphegor. Johann Weyer and Collin de Plancy wrote that Nisroch is chief of cuisine to the princes in Hell.
Nisroch in fiction
- In the Dungeons & Dragons roleplaying game, Nisroch is the name of an outcast devil.
- A rebel angel, Nisroch, features in John Milton's Paradise Lost.
- Nisroch briefly appears in the children's novel The Story of the Amulet by Edith Nesbit.
- Nisroch is a summonable demon in Shin Megami Tensei.
- George Roux - Ancient Iraq