Nissan Altima

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Nissan Altima
2019 Nissan Altima Platinum (6th Gen) rear 4.2.18.jpg
2019 Nissan Altima (rear) displayed at NYIAS 2018. (USA)
Overview
ManufacturerNissan
Production1992–present
Body and chassis
ClassCompact car (1992–2001; 2007–2013 for coupes only)
Mid-size car (2001–present)
Chronology
PredecessorNissan Bluebird
Nissan Stanza

The Nissan Altima /ˈɔːltɪmə/ is a mid-size car which has been manufactured by Nissan since 1992. It is a continuation of the Nissan Bluebird line, which began in 1957.

The Altima has historically been larger, more powerful, and more luxurious than the Nissan Sentra but less so than the Nissan Maxima. The first through fourth generation cars were manufactured exclusively in the United States and officially sold in North and South America, along with the Middle East and Australia. For other markets, Nissan sold a related mid-size sedan called the Nissan Teana which was between the Altima and Maxima in terms of size. In 2013, the Teana became a rebadged version of the fifth generation Altima.

The name "Altima" was originally applied to a top trim line of the Nissan Leopard for the Japanese market in 1986,[1] and then to the Nissan Laurel mid-size car sold in Central America and the Caribbean before 1992. In 1992, Nissan discontinued the Stanza which was a Nissan Bluebird clone, replacing it with the US-built Altima, while remaining a compact car. The first Altima was produced in June 1992, as a 1993 model. All Altimas were built in Smyrna, Tennessee, until June 2004, when Nissan's Canton, Mississippi plant also began producing the model to meet high demand.

First generation (U13, 1993–1997)[edit]

First generation
1st-Nissan-Altima.jpg
Overview
Also calledNissan Stanza Altima (1992–1993)
Nissan Bluebird (U13)
ProductionJune 1992–June 1997
Model years1993-1997
AssemblySmyrna, Tennessee, United States
Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan
DesignerAllan Flowers (1988)[2]
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFF layout
Powertrain
Engine2.4 L KA24DE I4 150 hp (112 kW)
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase103.1 in (2,619 mm)
Length180.5 in (4,585 mm)
Width67.1 in (1,704 mm)
Height55.9 in (1,420 mm)
1993–1994 Altima GXE
Rear view

Like the Stanza before it, the original Altima was the export version of the Nissan Bluebird SSS (chassis model U13), though its original styling hailed from Nissan's California design group (Blue Studio under Allan Flowers) in 1989. Initially, the car's official name was "Stanza Altima," which appears on the early owners manuals. 1993 models can be seen with a sticker reading "Stanza" in small lettering to the right of the ALTIMA emblem on the trunk lid.[3]

All Altima models used Nissan's 150 hp (112 kW) KA24DE straight-4 DOHC engine mated to a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic (acceleration performance: 9.4 seconds 0–60 mph (0–100 km/h) with automatic and 8.2 with manual). (By contrast, the Japanese top trim package Bluebird SSS could be had with Nissan's SR20DET engine and all-wheel-drive.) Suspension was composed of struts with stabilizer bars at both ends and was noted for providing sporty, satisfying handling (plus a firm ride and moderate road noise); all wheels were 15-inches. Being one of the bigger compact cars, the Altima could seat four adults fairly comfortably, though its body was too narrow for five. Trim lines consisted of the stripped XE, mid-line GXE, sporty SE, and luxury GLE. Some options included a gold emblem package, molded mud guards, and a pin stripe. All models had small cup holders under the radio and a small glovebox which were improved in the 1998 redesign.

The base XE (rare) had manual windows. The mid-line GXE had power windows, a power retracting antenna, pass thru rear armrest, a digital clock in dash (became optional on 1995 models), and color matched plastic speaker grilles for the rear 6-inch speakers. The XE and GXE models only had the fixed intermittent wiper switch.

In addition to the GXE features, the SE had a stiffer suspension, fog lights, 3 leg mount rear spoiler (1993 models with a clear LED brake light), side skirts (no upper side moldings), and sport seats (plus a standard sunroof in 1994–1995). It also had 4-wheel disc brakes, which came on the other trim lines when antilock brakes were ordered.

The GLE's enhancements included a digital automotive head-up display (1993 and 1994 only), which displayed speed in MPH or KM/H, turn signals, and various warning lights on a unique mirrored patch made into the windshield. The 1989 to 1994 Maxima and 240SX had similar technology but only showed speed. Other features included a coin holder built into the fuse panel cover (1993 and 1994 only), adjustable lumbar support on the front seats, automatic digital climate control, keyless entry with alarm (optional), floor mats, color matched side mirrors, cornering lights, sunroof, and a higher-powered six-speaker cassette/CD stereo which included 6X9 rear speakers with black metal "active speaker" grilles, metal color matched "active speaker" grilles for the front door speakers (1993 and 1994 only), and a pair of A pillar tweeters all powered by two factory amps mounted underneath the rear deck. For 1997 it gave up all of the above in exchange for standard leather (previously optional). All SE and GLE models had alloy wheels and variable intermittent wipers.

1993 Altimas came with a rosewood colored dash trim and only had a driver's side airbag coupled with automatic shoulder belts(the center console was slimmer to accommodate the lap belts). The 1994 Altima gained a darker burl wood dash trim, a flush mount passenger airbag and regular seat belts. 1993 and 1994 models came with chrome inner door handles standard with an auto door lock/unlock feature on the passenger side. For 1995, the inner door handles were changed to color matched plastic, and a plug replaced where the passenger auto door lock/unlock feature was. 1993 and 1994 models also had a slim ​1 12 armrest lid, however, if an optional leather armrest was selected, it brought the height up to about 4.5 inches (110 mm). For 1995, all the armrest lids were thicker and about 4.5 inches (110 mm) tall. The 1995 model year (introduced 1994) also brought a new venetian blind-like grille, new taillights (red and clear), and a new 2 leg mount spoiler with a red LED brake light for the SE. Some other changes included the removal of the rear speaker grilles for a flat rear deck, a cheaper cloth interior, a plastic cover replacing the rear ashtray, and the digital in dash clock was now optional. For the 1995.5 model year in March 1995, a raised mount passenger airbag with a new inflator was introduced in post-March 3, 1995 production. 1996 brought new wheel covers for base models. During the 1997 model year the GXE gained a new "Limited Edition" package including alloy wheels, keyless entry, alarm, floor mats, and a Limited Edition sticker on each side near the front wheels. The majority of final-year Altima models were dubbed "1997.5" models, signifying the added crash protection necessary to meet 1997 side-impact standards.[4]

Second generation (L30, 1998–2001)[edit]

Second generation
2nd-Nissan-Altima.jpg
Overview
ProductionJuly 1997-July 2001
Model years1998–2001
AssemblySmyrna, Tennessee, United States
Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan
DesignerDoug Wilson (1994)[5]
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFF layout
RelatedNissan Bluebird U14
Powertrain
Engine2.4 L KA24DE I4 (150–155 hp)
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase103.1 in (2,619 mm)
Length185.8 in (4,719 mm) (2000–01)
183.5 in (4,661 mm) (1997–99)
Width69.1 in (1,755 mm)
Height55.9 in (1,420 mm)

The second generation (chassis model L30) was an American market-only version, again styled by Nissan's California design center under Doug Wilson through 1994 (design freeze in 1995). A new interior (by Diane Allen) brought a revised glove box and cup holders, a folding back seat (except on XE), and depowered airbags. The Japanese Domestic Markets Nissan Bluebird U14 has different front and rear ends, and slightly narrower width dimensions to comply with Japanese Government dimension regulations.

While total volume remained identical at 108 cubic feet (3.1 m3), most felt it was distributed better and resulted in a slightly roomier-feeling cabin. On the downside, many were let down by the new model's plainer styling and cheapened interior; some also felt the gas pedal was now too lightly sprung.

Trim lines were the stripped XE, volume-selling GXE, sporty SE, and luxury-trimmed GLE. The SE can be distinguished by its body-color grille, fog lights, rear spoiler, alloy wheels, and white-faced gauges. In this generation of Altima, all GLEs had leather seats standard.

MY2000–2001 Nissan Altima SE
MY1998–1999 Nissan Altima rear

For 1999 the uplevel cassette/CD stereo got a new faceplate, GXE and SE models gained variable intermittent wipers, and GLEs gained standard alloy wheels. The majority of changes came for the 2000 model year. The engine increased in power from 150 to 160 horsepower with 4-way sparks, while it also improved the 0–60 mph time from 8.7 to 8.4 seconds. Gearing and final drive ratios were shortened on both transmissions, stabilizer bars were thickened, and the steering was firmed up. SE and GLE models also upgraded to 16-inch wheels with lower-profile tires, new Monroe struts with "acceleration-sensitive strut valving", and a front strut tower brace for sportier handling (all optional on GXE). The Altima grew slightly longer and got a deeper front grille, one-piece headlamps with integrated turn signals and standard low-speed cornering lamps, all-red taillights, and plastic trim on the deck lid. Inside were new front seats with a driver's height adjuster, cup holders for the rear seat (automatic transmission models only), revised seat cloth, a new instrument panel with digital odometer, a new rear window antenna, and the keyless entry fob now included a trunk release. Side airbags were newly standard on GLE and available on GXE and SE. For 2001, the Altima GXE again gained a Limited Edition package: power driver's seat, keyless entry with alarm and floor mats.

Third generation (L31, 2002–2006)[edit]

Third generation
02-04 Nissan Altima 2.5S.jpg
Overview
ProductionAugust 2001–September 2006
Model years2002–2006
AssemblySmyrna, Tennessee, United States
Canton, Mississippi, United States (beginning in 2003)
Kanda, Fukuoka, Japan
DesignerJerry Hirshberg (1999)
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFF layout
PlatformNissan FF-L platform
RelatedNissan Maxima
Nissan Murano
Nissan Quest
Nissan Teana
Renault Samsung SM5
Renault Samsung SM7
Powertrain
Engine2.5 L QR25DE I4 175 hp (130 kW)
3.5 L VQ35DE V6 (240–250 Hp)
3.5 L VQ35DE V6 (260 Hp) SE-R
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed manual SE-R
4-speed automatic
5-speed manumatic Aisin AF33 transmission 3.5 SE / 3.5 SL / 3.5 SE-R only
Dimensions
Wheelbase110.2 in (2,799 mm)
Length192.3 in (4,884 mm) (2005–06)
191.5 in (4,864 mm) (2001–04)
Width70.4 in (1,788 mm)
Height57.9 in (1,471 mm)

The third-generation Altima (chassis model L31) debuted for the 2002 model year.[6] It was the first mass-market product built on Nissan's new FF-L platform, which was unique to North America and had no equivalent model in Japan. The Asian Nissan Teana is similar but not quite identical, designed for Southeast Asian market requirements; all three model lines shared the same platform. The Altima grew enormously for this generation, as interior volume expanded to 118.8 cubic feet (3.36 m3). The Altima's interior dimensions even surpassed that of the higher-end 2000-03 Maxima, so the 2004 Maxima was moved more upscale into the full-size bracket. Also biggest in class was the Altima's 20 US gal (76 L; 17 imp gal) fuel tank. Additionally, the Altima upgraded its rear suspension to a multi-link type and its brakes to 4-wheel discs. This was the first generation to offer a V6 engine.

2003–2004 models received two tone dash color, and the 3.5 SE received an upgrade in horsepower, from 240 hp (180 kW) to 245 hp (183 kW), though torque stayed the same at 246 pound-feet (334 N⋅m).[7][8] 2002–2004 models with manual gearbox were the lightest of the V6 (4DR) cars.[9] The 2.5-liter 4-cylinder engine accelerated the sedan from 0–60 mph in 8.6 seconds.

Nissan Altima
MY2005–2006 Altima 2.5S
MY2005–2006 Altima SE-R

The 2005 Nissan Altima received a facelift, including a new front grille, all-red taillights, redesigned interior, and an optional DVD-based navigation system. The V6 was now rated at 250 hp (186 kW) with torque rated at 249 pound-feet (338 N⋅m), and proven 0–60 mph time in just 6.2 seconds utilizing the 5-speed automatic transmission. Also new was the SE-R model with a 260 hp (194 kW) and 251 lb⋅ft (340 N⋅m) of torque version of the V6, a 6-speed manual transmission (automatic still optional), upgraded brakes, 18-inch wheels, a suspension even stiffer than that of the 3.5 SE's, and a high-flow exhaust.[10] Car and Driver tested the SE-R resulting in 0–60 mph in 6.1 seconds.[11] MotorWeek episode #2432 tested an SE-R equipped with an automatic transmission that produced a 0–60 mph time of 5.8 seconds.[12]

Reception[edit]

The third-generation Altima was well received by the press, with many critics praising the new style and extra space, being one of the most powerful and best-handling family sedans available. As the Altima offered the performance and space of the upper-market Maxima in a less expensive car,[13] this significantly reduced Maxima sales but made Nissan competitive in the mid-size segment for the first time.[14] While previous iterations received decent reviews, the third-generation Altima was the first to enjoy considerable success, and it was credited with a turnaround of Nissan's operations from debt-ridden to among the industry's most profitable.[15][16][17]

Most of the criticism centered on the interior found in the 2002–2004 models, which was cited for using hard and brittle plastics. Some also found the steering too light and or abrupt, and the turning circle too wide due to its elongated wheelbase.

Mechanical issues[edit]

The 2002 2.5L Altimas had major excessive oil consumption issues causing potential catastrophic engine failures. Some cases were because of owner neglect and other cases involved the catalytic converter failing, forcing foreign objects back into the exhaust manifold. Most reports were received after the vehicle is beyond 100,000 miles and more than eight years old (beyond any warranties) and most of the reports had only to do with the 2002–2003 model ranges.

In April 2015 a class action lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois on behalf of all Nissan Altima owners of 2002 through 2006 model years. The lawsuit originally alleged that Nissan manufactured those model years with defective floorboards on both the driver and passenger side of the vehicle but was dismissed by a judge in January 2016. The resulting premature rust was extensive and generally happened out of warranty. The real cause was that the front mudguards were not high enough and there was no stoneguard applied to the metal plates underneath the vehicle. It should be noted that other car makes from other car manufacturers have also experienced the same problem to a lesser extent. Nissan changed the design of the floorboards for the 4th generation and thus the problem did not reoccur again from MY2007 onwards.[18]

Fourth generation (L32A 2007–2012, D32 "Coupe" 2007–2013)[edit]

Fourth generation
07-08 Nissan Altima 3.5SE.jpg
Overview
ProductionSeptember 27, 2006–April 2012 (sedan)
2007-2013 (coupe)
Model years2007–2012 (sedan)
2008–2013 (coupe)
AssemblySmyrna, Tennessee, United States
Canton, Mississippi, United States
Kanda, Fukuoka, Japan
DesignerAjay Panchal, Takashi Noguchi (sedan: 2004)
Toshiyuki Abe (coupe: 2005)[19]
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
2-door coupe
LayoutFF layout
PlatformNissan D platform
RelatedNissan Maxima (A35)
Nissan Teana (J32)
Nissan Murano (Z51)
Nissan Quest (E52)
Renault Laguna III
Renault Latitude
Renault Samsung SM5 (L43)
Renault Samsung SM7 (L47)
Powertrain
Engine2.5 L QR25DE I4 175 hp (130 kW) 2.5 / 2.5 S
3.5 L VQ35DE V6 270 hp (201 kW) SR[20]
Transmission6-speed manual
CVT (Ratios: 2.371–0.439)
Dimensions
Wheelbase109.3 in (2,776 mm) (sedan)
105.3 in (2,675 mm) (coupe)
Length189.8 in (4,821 mm) (2006–09 sedan)
190.7 in (4,844 mm) (2009–12 sedan)
182.5 in (4,636 mm) (2007–09 coupe)
180.9 in (4,595 mm) (2009–12 coupe)
Width70.7 in (1,796 mm) (sedan & coupe)
69.6 in (1,768 mm) (hybrid)
Height57.9 in (1,471 mm) (sedan)
58.0 in (1,473 mm) (2009–12 four-cylinder sedans)
55.3 in (1,405 mm) (2007–09 coupe)
55.9 in (1,420 mm) (2009–12 coupe)
58.1 in (1,476 mm) (2007–09 hybrid)
58.3 in (1,481 mm) (2009–12 hybrid)
Curb weight3,179–3,190 lb (1,442–1,447 kg) (2.5L)
3,289 lb (1,492 kg) (3.5L)[21]
Pre-facelift Nissan Altima 3.5 SE sedan

The fourth generation Nissan Altima (chassis model L32A) was announced at the 2006 New York Auto Show on April 12, 2006. It was the first vehicle to use the smaller Nissan D platform, with a new front and upgraded rear suspension. The wheelbase is 1-inch (25 mm) shorter than the third generation Altima, but interior space was mostly unchanged. The Maxima and Murano also used this new platform starting with the 2009 models. As with the previous generation, it shares much of its mechanicals and platform with the Nissan Teana which is built for different market conditions in Asia.

The fourth generation Altima used revised versions of the engines from the third generation model. The VQ35DE 3.5 L V6 engine produces 270 hp (201 kW) and 258 lb⋅ft (350 N⋅m) of torque, and the QR25DE 2.5 L straight-4 produces 175 hp (130 kW) and 180 lb⋅ft (244 N⋅m) of torque.[22] A 6-speed manual is standard, and a continuously variable transmission replaced the traditional automatic as the optional transmission.

This generation Altima came packaged with, for its time, new technology such as a standard Smart Key (referred to as the "Nissan Intelligent Key"), along with available Bluetooth capability for cell phones, and a parking camera. The dashboard was designed with larger buttons for easy readability and a total of eight cup holders, two in front of the center console, two in the rear armrest, and one 20-ounce cup holder in each door. Several hidden compartments were added as well as doubling the glove compartment space to 0.46 cubic feet (13 L). For 2008, all Altima models received ABS with electronic brake-force distribution.[23]

Facelift[edit]

Facelift Nissan Altima 3.5SR sedan

In 2009 for the 2010 model year, the Nissan Altima was facelifted with a new front fascia, hood, and headlights, as well as new wheels and interior materials.[24] Electronic stability control, previously only offered as part of an option package on V6 models and unavailable with 4-cylinder engines, is now standard on all Altima trims.[25] The CVT had been made standard by this point for all trims; the manual was dropped for the 2011 model year. However, the SR (formerly the SE) could still be had with a 6-speed manual (though this was for customer order only).

Coupe[edit]

MY2008-2009 Nissan Altima coupe

The coupe version of the Nissan Altima (codename D32) was officially revealed at the 2006 Los Angeles Auto Show, Nissan's first-ever two-door Altima. It had a shorter wheelbase, shorter overall length and lower height than the Altima Sedan.[26] It was released on May 25, 2007 as a 2008 model.

The 2008 Altima Coupe was available with two engines: the same updated VQ35DE in the sedan, a 270 hp (201 kW) 3.5-liter 24-valve DOHC V6 or the QR25DE, a 175 hp (130 kW) 2.5-liter DOHC 16-valve inline 4-cylinder.

Facelift[edit]

2010 Nissan Altima 2.5SL coupe

Like the sedan, the Altima Coupe received a facelift for 2010 which included a redesigned front end, hood and grille, new projector beam headlights, and the Altima Coupe 2.5 S model came standard with 17" × 7.5" 5-split spoke aluminum alloy wheels, along with P215/55TR17 all-season tires instead of the 16" steel wheels provided in the former. The SE model was renamed SR and came standard with 18" × 8.0" 5-split-spoke aluminum-alloy wheels, and there was a revision to the fabric and trim pieces in the interior. The 2010 models came with Nissan's Vehicle Dynamic Control as standard equipment, which was previously a $600 stand-alone option. A new premium Bose audio system with a 4.3-inch color display and Nissan's next generation navigation system with a 6.5-inch color display with an internal hard drive providing 9.3 GB of music storage and USB connectivity was also included with the refresh.[27] Azure Blue was replaced by Navy Blue and there were two additional colors: Crimson Black and Ocean Gray.

For the 2013 model year (Generation 5), the 3.5 SR trim level was dropped completely for the coupe, meaning that for this particular model year, only the sedan was available with a 3.5 L V6, and 2013 is the last model year for the Altima Coupe, while the sedan gets redesigned for the 2013 model year and continues production for future model years. This model year also included the first, standard equipped, NASA inspired "zero gravity" front row seating. These seats use research from the U.S. space and aeronautics agency to reduce muscle fatigue in drivers.[28] Zero Gravity seating is now available in the 2015 and 2016 Rogue, 2015 Altima, 2015 Murano, 2016 Maxima, and 2016 Titan.[29]

Hybrid[edit]

Nissan Altima Hybrid
Nissan Altima Hybrid

The Altima Hybrid was Nissan's first hybrid car, first introduced in February 2007 and discontinued in the 2011 model year. In the U.S. it was only available in 10 states that followed California's strict energy laws (California, Oregon, Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont), and was also available in Canada. Its hybrid-drive system was licensed from Toyota's hybrid technology; the company asserted that subsequent hybrid models would be based on hybrid technology developed in-house.[30] Up to 40,000 per year were to be built at Nissan's Smyrna plant.[31] The Nissan Altima Hybrid was also used as a regular taxi vehicle and as a police cruiser with the New York City Police Department until it was discontinued.[32]

The Hybrid featured a 2.5 L QR25DE engine producing 158 hp (118 kW) and 162 pound-feet (220 N⋅m) torque, and CVT. The electric motor/generator put out an additional 40 Horsepower putting out max power of 198 hp (148 kW), and 199 pound-feet (270 N⋅m).[33] Its fuel efficiency was 6.7 L/100 km (42 mpg‑imp; 35 mpg‑US) city and 7.1 L/100 km (40 mpg‑imp; 33 mpg‑US) highway, based on revised EPA measures for fuel economy ratings.[33] After the 2011 model year Nissan discontinued the Altima Hybrid due to poor sales.[34]

Models[edit]

The fourth generation Altima was sold in several versions:

2.5 Base (Sedan only): Includes 2.5L, 175 Horsepower I4 Engine, 6-Speed Manual Transmission, Audio System Pre-Wiring w/ four speakers, Intelligent Key System w/ Push-Button Start, 16 Inch Steel Wheels w/ Full Wheel Covers

2.5 S: Includes X-Tronic CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission), AM/FM stereo w/ Single-Disc CD/MP3 Player, Aux Input Jack w/ six speakers / Steering wheel-mounted audio controls / Automatic on/off headlights.

2.5 S Special Edition (Sedan only): Includes X-Tronic CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission), AM/FM stereo w/ Single-Disc CD/MP3 Player, Aux Input Jack w/ six speakers, 16" Aluminum-alloy wheels, Fog Lights, Rear Spoiler, Leather-wrapped steering wheel.

3.5 SR: Includes 3.5L, 270 Horsepower V6 Engine, AM/FM stereo w/ XM Satellite Radio, Six-Disc CD/MP3 Changer, iPod/USB Input Jacks, Aux Input Jack, w/ Hands-Free Bluetooth Telephone, Voice Recognition System, Nine Premium Bose Speakers w/ Subwoofer, Eighteen-Inch Alloy Wheels[35]

Hybrid (Sedan only): Includes 2.5L Gas/Electric Hybrid I4 Engine, AM/FM stereo w/ XM Satellite Radio, Single-Disc CD/MP3 Player, Aux Input Jack w/ six speakers, Sixteen-Inch Alloy Wheels

Fifth generation (L33, 2013–2018)[edit]

Fifth generation (L33)
Nissan Altima 2.5 SV 2013 (14253554427).jpg
Overview
Also calledNissan Teana
ProductionMay 2012–2018 (Altima)
2013–present (Teana)
Model years2013–2018
AssemblyUnited States: Smyrna, Tennessee (Nissan USA)
United States: Canton, Mississippi (Nissan USA)
Japan: Kanda, Fukuoka (Nissan Shatai Kyushu Plant)
China: Xiangyang (DMCL)
Russia: Saint Petersburg (2014-2015)[36]
Thailand: Samut Prakan (Nissan Motors (Thailand))
Malaysia: Serendah (TCMA)
Indonesia: Purwakarta (NMI)
DesignerToshiyuki Abe, Giovanny Arroba (2010)[37]
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFF layout
PlatformNissan D platform
RelatedNissan Teana Nissan Maxima
Nissan Quest
Nissan Murano
Nissan Pathfinder
Infiniti JX
Powertrain
Engine1.6 L MR16DDT I4
2.0 L MR20DE L4
2.5 L QR25DE I4 182 hp (136 kW) 2.5 / 2.5 S / 2.5 SV / 2.5 SL
3.5 L VQ35DE V6 270 hp (201 kW) 3.5 S / 3.5 SV / 3.5 SL
2.0 L M9R DCi Diesel I4
TransmissionCVT
Dimensions
Wheelbase109.3 in (2,776 mm)
Length191.3 in (4,859 mm)
Width72.0 in (1,829 mm)
Height57.9 in (1,471 mm)
Curb weight3,153–3,181 lb (1,430–1,443 kg) (2.5L)
3,311–3,373 lb (1,502–1,530 kg) (3.5L)

A redesigned Altima debuted at the 2012 New York International Auto Show for the 2013 model year, and went on sale in the summer of 2012. Like the Camry and Accord, it will continue to offer a base 4-cylinder engine with a 3.5L V6 as the range topper. Specifications for the QR25DE 2.5-liter 16-valve DOHC inline-four engine are 182 hp (136 kW) and 180 pound-feet (244 N⋅m), while the VQ35DE 3.5-liter 24-valve DOHC V6 remains 270 hp (201 kW) and 258 pound-feet (350 N⋅m). Nissan estimates the 2.5-liter fuel economy to be 27 city/38 hwy and the 3.5-liter V6 at 22 city/30 hwy thanks to its refined CVT that has been lightened by 8 lbs. Most of the major mechanical components of this generation Altima are carried over.[38] Much of the exterior styling seems to draw familiar traits from the Nissan Maxima.[38] The Special Edition and the 2016 facelift both have an interior that is similar to the Murano, the Maxima, and the Rogue.

Despite the larger size of the Altima compared to the previous model, the new Altima weighs about 120 pounds less. The Altima continues to be the lightest midsize sedan in its class; this is mostly due to its efficient use of high strength steel and aluminum in areas such as the trunk, hood, and roof. The front end shares the same new corporate grille as the 2012 Versa with more angular headlights than the Versa's rounded ones. It draws many styling influences from "coke bottle styling", an appearance that was popular during the 1960s and 1970s, a return to an appearance Nissan used during that time.

Nissan offers the Altima in five different trims; 2.5, 2.5 S, 2.5 SV, 2.5 SL, and 3.5 SL. 3.5 S and 3.5 SV were discontinued for the 2015 model year. Alongside the L33 Altima sedan, the previous-generation L32 Altima coupe will continue on sale.[17] The coupe will only be offered with the QR25DE 2.5-Liter four-cylinder rated at 175 hp (130 kW) and 180 pound-feet (244 N⋅m) of torque mated with a CVT. The 6-speed manual transmission is no longer available in the Altima Sedan due to slow sales. The SL model, which was once an equipment package for the Altima 2.5 S, is now a separate model.

Nissan Altima Ti-S (Australia; pre-facelift)
Interior

Production started in late May 2012 and the car went on sale in June in the United States, and August in Canada in the same year. The Altima will also be on sale in various other markets (existing or new), particularly the Middle East where it replaces the fourth generation L32A models, and the Australian market for the first time sometime next year, replacing the Nissan Maxima J32 (Teana). In China and other Asian markets, the L33 Nissan Altima will be the third generation of Nissan Teana. The L33 Altima was discontinued in Australia and New Zealand on 5 April 2017, alongside the B17 Sylphy-based Pulsar sedan, to focus on the sports cars, SUVs and pickup trucks in those markets.

The Nissan Altima Coupe was discontinued due to slow sales after the 2013 model year, which means Nissan will only focus on the sedan model for the Altima while the hybrid and coupe are discontinued.[39]

The Advanced Drive-Assist Display was added in 2013.

Model year 2016 saw the return of the SR performance model. Available with either 4 or 6 cylinder engines it comes equipped with 18 inch alloy wheels, sport decklid spoiler, unique sport interior with blue piping on the seats, SR logo floormats, and leather wrapped steering wheel and gearshift lever.

Reception[edit]

In a 2012 comparison test by Motor Trend, the Nissan Altima 2.5 SV came in fourth place out of six cars behind the first place Volkswagen Passat, second place Honda Accord, and third place Ford Fusion.[40]

This was followed by a third place showing in a comparison done by the Car and Driver team. This was a series of three comparison tests involving mid-size sedans. In this particular test, four cars were tested. It consisted of the all new Ford Fusion and Honda Accord as well as the Nissan Altima. The Volkswagen Passat is included in the test as it won the first round of mid-sized sedan comparison. In that round, it won decisively against the Chevrolet Malibu, Toyota Camry, Hyundai Sonata and Kia Optima.[41] However, the Passat only managed last in the 2nd round being led by the Altima (3rd), Fusion (2nd) and the Accord (1st).[42] This is followed by the final round where the Mazda 6 won against the Honda Accord.[43]

More recently, in a comparison test conducted by Edmunds.com, the Nissan Altima beat out the Honda Accord and the Mazda6 to win 1st place. It is stated that the Altima is good in almost everything with only minor deficiencies. It drives well, entertaining on twisty roads, has comfortable seats and remains quiet on highways. It is the least expensive but doesn't feel like it. The mileage figures only adds to its high appeal.[44]

Since its launch, the Altima has accumulated several accolades including being named to Kelley Blue Book's Top 10 best new sedans under $25,000,[45] Kiplinger's Personal Finance best new model in class[46] and Edmund's top recommended sedans.[47]

Teana[edit]

The third generation Nissan Teana was introduced to Japan, essentially being a rebadged version of the North American Altima. In Japan, the Teana is offered in 2.5L engine with three different trims; XV, XL and XE.

It is available in most Asian countries since its introduction.

In Thailand, the L33 Teana was debuted in August 2013 where it was available with either a 2.0L engine with three variants, XE, XL and XL Navi or a 2.5L engine with two variants, XV and XV Navi.[48] Five years latter, the L33 Teana in Thailand recived the front end of the facelift Altima. Variants was also streamlined down to just three: 2.0XL, 2.0XL Navi and 2.5XV Navi.[49]

In Malaysia, the L33 Teana was launched in June 2014 where it is available with either a 2.0L or a 2.5L engines. Three variants were available which was the 2.0XE, 2.0XL and 2.5XV.[50] In December 2016, two optional accesories packages became available: Nismo Aero Package and Nismo Performance Package. The Nismo Aero Package added front bumper soilers, rear bumper spoilers, side skirts, trunk lid spoiler and exhaust finisher. The Nismo Performance Package added all that with the Nismo Aero Package in addition to Nismo sport springs and Nismo LMX6 18-inch alloy wheels.[51] The L33 Teana has since been discontinued in Malaysia.

In China, a longer wheelbase luxury Teana is sold as the "Teana VIP" and bears VIP logos stitched into the seats and a "VIP" badge on the trunk lid. The Teana VIP has an extended backseat door and wheelbase (+75/+125mm), and is equipped with a 9-speaker Bose surround system, rear-passenger controls and rear-passenger video screens. [52] [53]

Nissan India has discontinued its Teana D-segment sedan as the Teana failed to generate volumes for the carmaker in India in 2014. The company has also removed the saloon from its official website.[54]

Facelift[edit]

2016 Altima 2.5 S
2016 Altima 2.5 S

The 2016 model year received a thorough facelift including new front and rear bumpers, headlamps and taillamps, reshaped Zero Gravity front seats, steering wheel and central console.[55] The car was built with new cabin silencing materials, and new sound-reducing windshield.

A new SR trim level added sporty seventeen-inch aluminum-alloy wheels, sport cloth seating surfaces, SiriusXM Satellite Radio, a front power driver's bucket seat, and a sports leather-wrapped multi-function steering wheel to the S model. The 3.5 SR was dropped for the 2018 model year, leaving the 2.5 SR as the only available SR trim level, and the only 3.5 trim level once again was the 3.5 SL.

For 2018, the 2.5 SR trim level gets two new "Special Edition" packages, one being the 2.5 SR Special Edition, which adds special gray-finished eighteen-inch aluminum-alloy wheels, leather-like upholstery, and a seven-inch display infotainment system with GPS navigation to the base 2.5 SR trim.[56] The other "Special Edition" package available for the 2.5 SR is the 2.5 SR Midnight Edition, which adds special black-finished eighteen-inch aluminum alloy wheels, a black rear spoiler, black exterior side mirrors, black exterior accents, and black exterior emblems to the bade 2.5 SR trim.[57]

Also for 2018, the previously-base 2.5 trim was discontinued, which now meant that the 2.5 S became the new "base" trim of the Altima. This also meant that all Altima models now came standard with a five-inch color display audio system, rear-mounted speakers, and Intelligent Key Access for all four doors, all of which were not available on the 2.5 trim level. The 2018 2.5 S trim also gains an optional Conveinience Package, which adds a power-adjustable front driver's bucket seat and a remote start system for an additional $390.00 over the base car. The 2.5 S also loses standard SiriusXM Satellite Radio for 2018, and it is not available as an option for this trim level.[58]

Finally for 2018, the NissanConnect Infotainment System is revised, adding in standard Apple CarPlay and Android Auto Connectivity and a redesigned User Interface (UI).[59]

2018 is the final model year for the L33 Nissan Altima. A new model, which is expected to debut during 2018 New York auto show as an early 2019 model, has been seen testing. It appears larger than the current model, and also adapts styling cues from the Nissan Maxima, which include LED front head lamps and Nissan's new "V-Motion" front grille.[60] Inside, a large touch screen infotainment system dominates the instrument panel, and a "D-Ringed" sport steering wheel from the Nissan Maxima replaces the current steering wheel design. The push-button ignition appears to have also been relocated to the center console, now located next to the transmission shift lever.[61] The new vehicle should be similar in appearance to the 2017 Nissan V-Motion 2.0 Concept Car.[62]

For 2018, the previous base and slow-selling 2.5 model was deleted from the Nissan Altima lineup. The new "base" model of the Altima became the 2.5 S, which includes a higher level of standard equipment than the model it replaces, such as a NissanConnect five-inch (5.0") color LCD radio (A/M-F/M radio, single-disc CD/MP3 player, Bluetooth A2DP Streaming Audio, USB port, 3.5-millimeter (3.5mm) auxiliary audio input jack, Nissan Rear-View Monitor System (rear-view backup camera system), and limited mobile app compatibility), a six-speaker audio system (now including rear speakers), and touch sensors for the Intelligent Key system on all door handles. The 3.5 SR model was also deleted for 2018, leaving the 3.5 SL as the only Nissan Altima model equipped with a V6 engine. The 3.5 SL model also gains a standard NissanConnect seven-inch (7.0") touch-screen infotainment system featuring Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. This was previously optional equipment on the 2017 Nissan Altima 3.5 SL model. Even with the 2.5 model now discontinued, 2018 pricing for the Nissan Altima has increased only by $760.00, up to $23,260 from $22,500 in 2017.

The facelifted Teana was launched in China in July 2016 and in Thailand in November 2018.

Motorsports[edit]

The Nissan Altima L33 of Simona de Silvestro at the 2017 Clipsal 500 Adelaide

In 2012, Kelly Racing announced that it would enter four custom Nissan Altima race cars into the 2013 International V8 Supercars Championship. The car was revealed in October 2012 and was the first car to be homologated for the New Generation V8 Supercar regulations, which were to be used in the V8 Supercars Championship from 2013 onwards. It was the first time Nissan had raced in the series since 1992, when Nissan's Skyline GT-R was forced out of racing due to regulation changes.[63] The team has scored three race wins since moving to Nissan, with James Moffat in 2013, Michael Caruso in 2016 and Rick Kelly in 2018. Moffat and co-driver Taz Douglas finished on the podium at the 2014 Supercheap Auto Bathurst 1000, and the team has taken numerous other podium finishes.

Sixth generation (2019–present)[edit]

Sixth generation
2019 Nissan Altima Platinum (6th Gen) front 4.2.18.jpg
Overview
ProductionAugust 2018–present[64]
Model years2019–present
AssemblySmyrna, Tennessee (8-24-18)
Canton, Mississippi (9-27-18)
DesignerKen Lee [65]
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFF/F4
PlatformRenault-Nissan CMF Platform
Powertrain
EnginePR25DD I4 or KR20DDET I4-T
TransmissionCVT
Dimensions
Wheelbase111.2 in (2,824 mm)

The sixth-generation Altima was debuted at the 2018 New York International Auto Show.

The car will be powered by either a 188-horsepower 2.5-liter naturally aspirated direct injected four-cylinder engine or a 248-horsepower 2.0-liter variable compression turbocharged four-cylinder engine that replaces the V6 powertrain in the previous generation. It is the worlds first production ready variable compression turbo engine. All engines are mated to a continuous variable transmission. All Wheel Drive is only available on the 2.5-liter engine models.

The sixth generation Altima will have Nissan Intelligent Mobility, which includes Pro-Pilot Assist, Nissan Intelligent Around View Monitor, Automatic Emergency Braking with Pedestrian Detection System and Intelligent Lane Intervention. The car arrived at dealerships in the USA[66] in October 2018.[67]

It began production on Nissan's Smyrna plant last August 24 2018 and in Canton, Mississippi on September 27, 2018.[68][69]

Trims[edit]

The Altima will be offered in five trim levels: S, SR, SV, SL, and Platinum. [67]

Nissan began accepting preorders for the all-new 2019 Altima starting June 15, 2018. An Edition One Special Edition model will be offered exclusively to buyers who choose to preorder their all-new Altima. The Edition One trim, based on the all-new 2019 Nissan Altima Platinum Turbo, will be produced in limited numbers, and will offer features that will not be offered on any other all-new 2019 Nissan Altima models, such as nineteen-inch (19") dark gray-finished aluminum-alloy wheels, 'Edition One' exterior badging, illuminated interior door sill kick plates, a rear spoiler, external ground lighting, and unique 'Edition One'-embroidered premium carpeted floor mats. The Edition One will only be available in three exterior colors: Scarlet Ember Tintcoat, Super Black, or Pearl White Tricoat. Nissan will also provide a complimentary gift to buyers who preorder the all-new 2019 Nissan Altima Edition One: either an Amazon Echo Dot with a Bose SoundLink Revolve Bluetooth Wireless Speaker and a 1-Year Amazon Prime Subscription, an Apple Watch Series 3, or an Amazon Echo Show and a 1-Year Amazon Prime Subscription. Finally, special complimentary concierge services will be provided to those who preorder the vehicle. Nissan's sister luxury vehicle brand, Infiniti, offered a similar incentive for those who preordered the all-new second-generation 2019 Infiniti QX50 compact crossover SUV, though no special edition model was offered to those buyers. [70]

In addition to the special edition Edition One, 2019 Nissan Altima buyers could also preorder any other trim level.

Semi-autonomous driving[edit]

The sixth generation Altima will be one of the first Nissans to offer the semi-autonomous driving option "Nissan ProPilot Assist" like the Rogue and Leaf.[71][72][73][74][75]

The Nissan Vmotion 2.0 Concept previews the sixth generation Altima.

Awards and recognition[edit]

Sales[edit]

Calendar year U.S. Canada
2002 201,822[77] -
2003 201,240 -
2004 235,889 18,508[77]
2005 255,371 17,037
2006 232,457 13,997
2007 284,762 17,126
2008 269,668 16,676
2009 203,568 13,852
2010 229,263 13,425
2011 268,981[78] 12,537
2012 302,934[78] 12,793
2013 320,723[79] 10,488
2014 335,644[80] 9,475
2015 333,398[80] 7,293
2016 307,380[81] 7,753[82]
2017 254,996[83] 6,626[84]

About a third of Nissan Altima's sales in the U.S. went to rental fleets.[85][86] High percentage of fleet sales is found to hit both used-car values and brand image negatively.[85]

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External links[edit]