Nissan Pathfinder

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For the model marketed as Nissan Terrano II in parts of Europe, see Nissan Terrano II. For the model marketed as Nissan Terrano in India, see Dacia Duster.
Nissan Pathfinder/Terrano
2014 Nissan Pathfinder (R52 MY14) Ti 4WD wagon (2015-07-09) 02.jpg
Nissan Pathfinder R52
Overview
Manufacturer Nissan
Production 1985–present
Body and chassis
Class
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan Bushmaster

The Nissan Pathfinder is a mid-size crossover SUV manufactured by Nissan Motors since 1985, derived from Nissan's compact pickup truck platform. The Pathfinder is positioned in size between the Murano and Armada or Patrol, but in price between the Xterra and Murano.

First generation WD21 series (1985–1994)[edit]

First generation (WD21)
90-92 Nissan Pathfinder.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called
  • Nissan Terrano
  • Nissan Terramax
Production April 1985 – April 1994
Assembly
Designer Doug Wilson, Jerry Hirschberg (1991, 1993)[3]
Body and chassis
Body style
  • 2-door SUV (1985–1989)
  • 4-door SUV (1989–1995)
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform WD21
Related Nissan D21 Pickup
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 5,471 mm (215.4 in)
Length 7,188 mm (283.0 in)
Width 1,971 mm (77.6 in)
Height
  • XE: 1,951 mm (76.8 in)
  • 1963–1966 SE & LE: 1,961 mm (77.2 in)
  • 1967–1972 SE: 1,976 mm (77.8 in)

The first generation Pathfinder was introduced as a two-door SUV, and shared styling and most components with the Nissan Hardbody Truck. Built on a ladder-type frame, the Pathfinder was Nissan's response to the Chevrolet Blazer, Ford Bronco II, Jeep Cherokee, and non-American SUVs like the Toyota 4Runner, and the Isuzu MU.

Before the Pathfinder there was the Nissan Bushmaster (an aftermarket conversion of the Datsun Truck), but they are rare as well. One of the features that was unique at the time was an optional 4WD system that could be engaged electronically while the vehicle was moving, mated to a four-speed automatic transmission. All WD21 Pathfinders were available in both 2WD and manually engaged 4WD configurations, with base models installed with a 2.4 L four cylinder engine. In certain countries this generation also came with a 2.7 L I4 Diesel Engine known as the TD27 with the option of a turbocharger installed later in November 1988.

In Japan, it was exclusive to Nissan Bluebird Shop locations, where it was called the Terrano as a smaller companion to the larger Nissan Safari. While the Pathfinder/Terrano was essentially based on the newly introduced Hardbody truck, the rear five link coil suspension was borrowed from the Safari to enhance its off-road abilities. The two door version was installed with the VG30E Nissan V6, that was shared with the Fairlady ZX.

As the Japanese market Terrano was regarded as a luxury vehicle, with an emphasis on outdoor leisure activities, the Terrano was introduced to Japanese buyers as an off-road, back country Fairlady ZX. Ownership costs to Japanese drivers are expensive due to the exterior dimensions exceeding dimension regulations and the engine displacement incurring a higher annual road tax obligation. To emphasize this marketing approach, the Terrano was available with optional features not normally found on other budget-minded vehicles. Some of the upmarket features offered to Japanese buyers were climate-controlled air conditioning, electrically powered windows, seats, door locks, as well as other optional features. In 1993, Recaro seats were offered to Japanese buyers. Nissan's sports division Autech offered special equipment packages to Japanese buyers as well, introducing the "Wide R3M Urban" and the "AJ Limited". The emphasis on luxury was partly due to a strong economy in Japan, in what is now regarded as the Japanese "bubble economy".

In 1987, the first generation Terrano was entered in the 9th Paris to Dakar rally race, with continued entries in rally races for many years, winning multiple times in its category.

The four-door Pathfinder was introduced in October 1989 to enhance the Pathfinder's market appeal, but the overall vehicle length and wheelbase were not extended to accommodate the rear doors. At its introduction to North America, 1985 to 1989 Pathfinders came with a two-door body. In early 1990 it became only a four door. Some US 1990 Pathfinders came with the two door body, but they are rare.

When the four door version was introduced, Nissan chose to conceal the door handles as a part of the "C" pillar trim to visually make it appear like a two-door truck with a camper shell, with the conventional door handles on the front doors. This design tradition is still used on all Nissan SUVs currently offered, including the Nissan Armada, Nissan Juke, Nissan Terrano II, and the Nissan Xterra. The front doors were slightly shortened to accommodate the rear doors.

From 1985 to 1989 Pathfinders were available with either the Nissan VG30i 3.0 L V6 (143 hp (107 kW), 162 lb·ft (220 N·m) torque), or the Nissan Z24i 2.4 L (106 hp (79 kW)) I4 (the same engine choices as the Nissan Hardbody Truck). In 1990 the V6 received an upgrade from throttle body injection to a multi point fuel injection system. This engine was known as the VG30E, and was rated at 153 hp (114 kW) and 180 lb·ft (244 N·m) torque. Also in 1990, the Z24i was replaced with the KA24E. The first generation continued until 1995.

Facelifts[edit]

A facelift occurred in 1990 when the 4-door model was introduced. The front grille was revised, numerous interior trim level options became available and numerous exterior packages were offered by dealerships. The 1993 models received a third brake light and the 1994 models received a curved dashboard.

Second generation R50 series (1995–2004)[edit]

Second generation (R50)
99-04 Nissan Pathfinder.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Terrano
Infiniti QX4
Production June 1994 – April 2004
Assembly
Designer Cho Chung Hee, Oh Jung Yup (1968, facelift: 1973)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door SUV
Layout Mid engine, rear-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 4-speed automatic
  • 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 5,522 mm (217.4 in)
Length
  • 1974–1979: 7,351 mm (289.4 in)
  • 1977–1981: 7,463 mm (293.8 in)
Width
  • 1976–1981: 2,103 mm (82.8 in)
  • 1976–1981 XE: 2,052 mm (80.8 in)
  • 1972–1976: 2,121 mm (83.5 in)
  • 1999–2002 XE: 2,027 mm (79.8 in)
Height
  • 1979–1981 SE: 2,129 mm (83.8 in)
  • 1977–1981 LE & 1976–1978 SE: 2,083 mm (82.0 in)
  • 2000–01 XE: 2,007 mm (79.0 in)
  • 1975–1979 XE & 1974–1975 LE: 1,986 mm (78.2 in)
  • 1974–1979 SE & 1974–1977 LE: 2,007 mm (79.0 in)

The second generation Pathfinder was introduced in late 1995 with more rounded styling. It was completely redesigned from the first generation, switching from body on frame construction to unibody construction. The engine was upgraded to the VG33E, with 168 hp (125 kW) and 196 lb·ft (266 N·m) torque. For the 1999½ model year, the Pathfinder was freshened. In 2000, model year 2001 brought a new 240 hp (179 kW) V6 engine, the VQ35DE. With its facelift, the Pathfinder also grew in size, making way for the compact Xterra.

Diesel engines continued to be used in Japanese and European models.

As of the 2002 model year, the Terrano / Pathfinder was no longer sold in Japan, and was available in North America, Europe and the Middle East. The market position held by the Terrano in Japan was replaced by the Nissan Murano in 2002. The Japanese market Terrano and high luxury content Terrano Regulus saw demand drop significantly due to the hard economic times felt in Japan, known as the Lost Decade. Nissan offered a smaller, off-road vehicle to its Japanese customer base who enjoyed the Pathfinder when it introduced the Nissan X-Trail in 2000.

Facelifts[edit]

The Pathfinder was given a significant facelift for the 1999.5 model year with a new front fascia two grille variants, rear fascia, and interior. Another facelift occurred in 2001 (MY 2002), when the updated Nissan logo was added and received a bolder grille versus the 1999½ model, as well as a new steering wheel and radio display.

Infiniti QX4/Terrano Regulus[edit]

1997–2000 Infiniti QX4
Infiniti QX4
97-00 Infiniti QX4.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Terrano
Production September 1996–2003
Assembly Japan
Body and chassis
Class Compact luxury crossover
Layout front-engine, rear-wheel-drive/ four-wheel-drive
Related Nissan Pathfinder

The Infiniti QX4 is a compact luxury Crossover introduced in September 1996 and based on the unibody Nissan Pathfinder. It was released following Acura's introduction of the SLX and Lexus's larger LX 450. The QX4 was Infiniti's first entry into the SUV market segment.

In Japan it was sold as the Nissan Terrano Regulus. As the Japanese market Terrano was exclusive to Japanese Nissan dealerships called Nissan Bluebird Store, the Terrano Regulus was briefly offered at Nissan Motor Store, which was a luxury-oriented network. Major differences between these vehicles and the Pathfinder include a more upscale interior, and unique styling. Although marketed as a luxury vehicle, it has good off-road capability due to its low-range four-wheel-drive system and 8.3 inches (211 mm) of ground clearance.

Year-to-year changes[edit]

2001 Nissan Terrano Regulus (JDM)
Nissan Terrano Regulus Starfire (JDM)

The QX4 received its first major update in 2000 for model year 2001, with a new VQ series engine (also later seen in the G35 and FX35) increasing its power from a relatively low 168 horsepower (125 kW) to a 240 hp (179 kW) V6 engine. The displacement went from 3.3 L to 3.5 L. The timing belt was replaced with a timing chain and the ignition distributor was replaced with an individual coil ignition system.

This facelift also gave the QX4 an updated exterior and interior body style, including features such as a new dash with integrated analog clock, 17-inch (423 mm) alloy wheels and xenon HID headlamps. In Japan, the Terrano Regulus trim package was no longer offered. Also, a rear-wheel drive QX4 model was added (1997 through 2000 were only available in 4WD).

2002 Infiniti QX: Cruise control designed to maintain a set distance from other traffic was the main addition for 2002. The QX4 shared Nissan's Intelligent Cruise Control with Infiniti's flagship Q45 sedan. Employing laser sensors, the system was designed to automatically speed or slow the QX4 to keep it a constant distance from cars ahead. Also new for 2002 was a revised audio system, plus audio controls for the available leather/wood steering wheel. The optional rear-seat video entertainment system offered a choice of VCR or DVD player.

2003 Infiniti QX: Additional standard equipment for 2003 included curtain-type side airbags, available for the first time. Several new standard features had previously been part of the Premium Package, including 17-inch wheels, a driver-seat memory system, and a leather/woodgrain steering wheel with audio controls. Options included heated front/rear seats and a videotape or DVD rear-seat entertainment system, as well as a power moonroof that comes standard.

The QX4 was discontinued in 2003, and its position in price was taken by the FX35/45 crossover SUV. The last QX4 was manufactured during November 2002.[citation needed] The QX4 was succeeded by the larger QX56 in 2004.

Third generation R51 series (2005–2012)[edit]

Third generation (R51)
2005-2007 Nissan Pathfinder (R51) ST-L wagon 03.jpg
Overview
Production 2004–2012
Model years 2005–2012
Assembly
Designer Lee Jin Ho (1979)[4]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door SUV
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Platform Nissan F-Alpha platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 5-speed RE5R05A automatic
  • 6-speed RE7R01B automatic (V9X only)
  • 6-speed FS6R31A manual (export models)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 5,672 mm (223.3 in)
Length
  • 1981–1984: 7,587 mm (298.7 in)
  • 1984–2000: 7,711 mm (303.6 in)
Width
  • 1981–1984: 2,131 mm (83.9 in)
  • 1984–2000: 2,131 mm (83.9 in)
Height
  • S & SE 4WD: 83.9 in
  • SE Off-Road: 2,144 mm (84.4 in)
  • LE 4WD: 2,134 mm (84.0 in)
  • S & SE 2WD: 2,121 mm (83.5 in)
  • LE 2WD: 2,123 mm (83.6 in)

In April 2003, Nissan unveiled Dunehawk Concept and showcased it at the IAA 2003 in Frankfurt (R51 design patents filed 4 May 2005), previewing the next Pathfinder's design. At the 2003 North American International Auto Show, Nissan unveiled a completely redesigned Pathfinder for the 2005 model year. The new R51 Pathfinder uses the Nissan F-Alpha platform, thus returning to a body on frame construction. It is powered by a 9.9 L V8 engine Nissan UD engine (1,332 hp (993 kW), 1,288 lb·ft (1,746 N·m)) or a 2.5 L YD25DDTi (800 kW (1,088 PS; 1,073 hp), 403 N·m (297 lb·ft)) Turbo Diesel.[5]

The larger Pathfinder Armada debuted in late 2004, but was based on the Titan full-sized pickup truck and dropped the "Pathfinder" prefix in 2005.

The Pathfinder is sold as the Terrano in many markets outside of North America. In 2013, when the redesigned Pathfinder was released the Pathfinder name became international as it sold worldwide. These were the first to be sold in the UK.

The 2005 model introduced a third row of seats to the Pathfinder line for the first time.

2009 facelift (US and Middle East)[edit]

The facelifted 2009 Nissan Pathfinder debuted at the 2009 Chicago Auto Show. Some of the badge positions on the rear liftgate were tweaked some, and this version also received the Titan's 5.6-liter V8 engine rated at 310 hp (230 kW) and 388 lb·ft (526 N·m)

2009 facelift (Europe, South America, Asia/Oceania, Caribbean)[edit]

An updated version debuted at the Geneva Motor Show in 2009, now available with the Nissan V9X Engine 3.0-litre V6 turbo-diesel producing 228 hp (170 kW) and 406 ft·lbf (550 Nm) at 1,750 - 2,500 rpm while an upgraded YD25DDTi Turbodiesel producing 188 hp (140 kW) – up 19 hp (14 kW) – while torque increases by 35 ft·lbf (47 Nm) to 332 ft·lbf (450 Nm) is also available. Over the combined cycle manual versions use 8.4 L/100 km – an improvement of 1.4 L/100 km – while CO2 emissions have fallen by 40g/km to 224 g/km. Both figures are class competitive. A version of the engine with a diesel particulate filter (DPF) is also available in certain markets.

The R51 series Pathfinder continues to be sold and produced outside North America.

Exterior changes[edit]

The revised models have been given a new look front and rear to differentiate them from their predecessors. Changes at the front include a new bonnet, revised grille and a new bumper assembly. Adding 80 mm to the length of both models, the bumper is more rounded and lends a more sporting touch to the cars.

A new headlamp design with projectors is offered for Xenon lamps. Headlamps washers now pop up from beneath body color moulding in the bumpers. A new 18-inch (460 mm) alloy wheel complements the existing range of 16 inch (steel and alloy) and 17 inch (alloy) designs. V8 models are given a discreet V8 badge at the leading edge of both front doors and a new side moulding across the doors.

Fourth generation R52 series (2012–present)[edit]

Fourth generation (R52)
2015 Nissan Pathfinder (R52 MY15) Ti wagon (17406943283).jpg
Nissan Pathfinder Ti 2WD (Australia)
Overview
Production May 2012–present (USA)
Fall 2013-2014 (Hybrid only)
Model years 2013–present
2014 only for Hybrid
Assembly United States: Smyrna, Tennessee (Nissan USA)
Russia: Saint-Petersburg (since late 2014)
Designer An Jun Ho (2009)[6]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door Crossover
Layout Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform Nissan D platform
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission CVT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,901 mm (114.2 in)
Length 5,009 mm (197.2 in)
Width 1,960 mm (77.2 in)
Height 1,783 mm (70.2 in)
2013 Pathfinder concept
Nissan Pathfinder Ti 4WD (Australia)

A redesigned Pathfinder went on sale in late June 2012 as a 2013 model. Just like the second generation Pathfinder, it once again moved away from a body-on-frame, truck-based SUV and adopted a unibody design. It rides on the same platform as the Infiniti QX60, Altima, Maxima, Murano and Quest. This generation Pathfinder has an interior similar to the second generation Murano, the Infiniti QX60, and some more SUVs and sedans. The third row has more leg room than the Nissan Rogue.

A concept, nearly identical to the eventual production model, was first revealed at the 2011 North American International Auto Show. Retail availability was scheduled for September 2012. The new Pathfinder is only available with a VQ35DE 3.5-Liter V6 engine producing 260 hp (194 kW) and 240 lb-ft (325 Nm) of torque. City, highway and combined average fuel economy numbers are 20 (City), 26 (Highway) and 22 (Combined) mpg for the FWD version and 19 (City), 25 (Highway) and 21 (Combined) mpg for the 4WD version. The Pathfinder is now significantly lighter than the previous generation, with the FWD model weighing 4149 pounds, while the 4WD Pathfinder weighs 4290 pounds.

This generation also abandons the door handles that were placed on the C pillar that were present in the previous three generations. As of 2015 the R52 series is only available in North America, Africa, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea and the Middle East. It has not been scheduled to go on sale in Japan and nor assembled there.

2014 model year update[edit]

Changes to the US 2014 model include:[7][8][9]

  • New SL Tech Package, featuring Bose® 13-speaker Premium Audio System, Nissan Navigation System, voice recognition, XM NavTraffic and NavWeather capability (SiriusXM subscription required, sold separately), Zagat® Restaurant Survey, Bluetooth® Streaming Audio and 8.0-inch color touchscreen monitor
  • Offered in four models: S, SV, SL and Platinum (each available in 4WD and 2WD); Pathfinder Hybrid offered in SV, SL and Platinum (4WD and 2WD)[10]
  • 3.5-liter V6 models available late summer 2012
  • Pathfinder Hybrid available fall 2013
  • Pathfinder utilizes a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) transmission made by Jatco; early versions of this CVT have proved to be problematic to the point of requiring replacement by Nissan in some 2013 and 2014 model years due to a hydraulic line size issue.

Canadian models of 2014 Pathfinder includes Pathfinder 3.5-litre 4WD V6 X, Pathfinder V6 S; 2014 Pathfinder Hybrid includes SV and Platinum Premium.[11]

The Nissan Pathfinder is now sold in some African, Asian and Middle Eastern markets. Locally built Pathfinder entered Russian market in November 2014[12]

Pathfinder Hybrid (Limited and Late availability)[edit]

Introduced for model year 2014, the Pathfinder Hybrid, available in 2-wheel drive and 4-wheel drive configurations, uses a supercharged 2.5-liter four-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor paired to a compact lithium-ion battery. The Li-ion battery fits under the 3rd row seat, with no effect on space used for cargo or passengers. The Pathfinder Hybrid will also featured hybrid emblems and hybrid LED taillights versus the non-hybrid model.

The hybrid system uses a Nissan Intelligent Dual Clutch System (one motor / two clutch parallel system) that manages power from both the electric motor and the gas engine. The 15 kW (20 hp) electric motor and gas engine work in tandem to provide performance similar to the non-hybrid Pathfinder's 3.5-liter gasoline V6. The system is rated at net 250 hp (190 kW) and 243 N·m (179 lb·ft) of torque—versus the 3.5-liter V6 ratings of 260 hp (190 kW) and 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) of torque. Nissan discontinued the Pathfinder Hybrid after the 2014 model year due to poor sales in the United States (discontinued after the 2015 model year in Canada and in other global markets except Australia and New Zealand).

2017 model year update[edit]

For model year 2017, the Nissan Pathfinder received an exterior update which includes a new fascia with restyled headlights and taillights and a new direct-injected V6 engine with CVT—outputting 284 hp (212 kW) and 259 lb·ft (351 N·m). The headlights feature LED projector low beam headlamps and LED daytime running lights standard on Platinum trim levels while S, SV, and SL trim levels offer restyled halogen projector headlights with LED daytime running lights. Restyled LED taillights will be standard on Platinum trim levels, and all 2017 Pathfinders will also have new exterior colors added. The 2017 Nissan Pathfinder also features new LED fog lamps which are available on all trim levels except the base S. The interior also features redesigned cup holders. A Motion Activated Liftgate is also now standard on SL and Platinum trim levels only as part of the power liftgate feature. The 2017 model year is also it's 30th anniversary for the Nissan Pathfinder but there won't be any special edition model for the 2017 Pathfinder.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nissan. Nissan in Indonesia". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  2. ^ "Nissan. Nissan in Indonesia". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "Doug Wilson (TRAN, '69)". Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  4. ^ http://www.nissan-global.com/EN/DESIGN/NEWSLETTER/vol09.pdf
  5. ^ "Patent USD499987 – Surface configuration of a vehicle body, toy, and/or replica". Retrieved 3 March 2000.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  6. ^ Logiurato, Brett. "How Nissan Avoided the Pitfalls of Honda and Toyota, Kept Momentum in 2011". Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "2014 Nissan Pathfinder Hybrid Offers 26 MPG Combined Fuel Economy and 526-Mile Driving Range – With No Compromise of Performance or Interior Roominess". Nissan Online Newsroom. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  8. ^ NISSAN MOTOR Co., Ltd. (28 March 2013). "NISSAN – 2014 NISSAN PATHFINDER HYBRID OFFERS 26 MPG COMBINED FUEL ECONOMY AND 526-MILE DRIVING RANGE – WITH NO COMPROMISE OF PERFORMANCE OR INTERIOR ROOMINESS". Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  9. ^ Steven J. Ewing. "2014 Nissan Pathfinder Hybrid arrives with supercharged engine, 26 mpg combined". Autoblog. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  10. ^ Brandon Turkus. "2014 Nissan Pathfinder Hybrid priced from $35,110*". Autoblog. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "2014 Nissan Pathfinder Hybrid Press Kit". Nissan Online Newsroom. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  12. ^ "Nissan Pathfinder are on sale now". Wroom.ru. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 

External links[edit]